The usefulness of soil-agricultural maps to identify classes of soil truncation

Open access

Abstract

Soil erosion led to the severe transformations of the soil cover of young morainic areas of northern Poland. Main alterations are connected with soil truncation on summits and in upper part of slopes, whereas at foot slopes and within depressions colluvial material is accumulated. Information and knowledge about the extent or intensity of erosion are mainly derived from sophisticated geospatial models or laborious field works. To reduce the effort associated with development of studies on erosion the use of easily available cartographic sources is required. The main aim of the paper is an elaboration of key to reinterpret information taken from soil-agricultural maps in the context of determining the degree of pedons truncation. The study is based on a comparison of the properties of soils representing various classes of erosional alterations with the data on existing maps. The correlation between descriptions recorded in the form of cartographic symbols with properties of pedons divided into several classes of vertical texturecontrast soil truncation and results from potential erosion maps was elaborated. The application of developed interpretative principles allows calculating the share of soil truncation classes within investigated area. The five test plots (each - 1 km2) were located along the north slopes of Noteć Middle Valley and Toruń Basin. The proposed interpretation of soil-agricultural maps reveals their significant value in studies on extent and degree of erosional alterations recorded in soil cover.

Bednarek R., Pokojska U., Dziadowiec H., Prusinkiewicz Z., 2005. Badania ekologiczno-gleboznawcze. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa: 344 s.

Bieniek B., 1997. Properties and development of deluvial soils in Mazurian Lakeland. Acta Academiae Agriculturae Technicae Olstenensis. Agricultura, 64 suppl. B, Olsztyn: 80 pp. (in Polish with English abstract).

Cieśla W., 1968. Genesis and properties of arable soils developed from glacial tills of the Kujava Plateau. Rocz. WSR Poznañ, Prace habilitacyjne 18, Poznañ: 60 pp. (in Polish with English summary).

Cieśla W., Wojtasik M., Miraszewski R., Rogalski D., 1978. Soils of the Che³mno Upland developed from silty deposits. Roczniki Gleboznawcze - Soil Science Annual 29(1): 127-140 (in Polish with English summary).

Dobers E.S., Ahl C., Stuczyński T., 2010. Comparison of Polish and German maps of agricultural soil quality using GIS. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 173: 185-197.

Drzewiecki W., Mularz S., 2005. Model USPED as a tool for assessment of soil erosion and deposition effect. Roczniki Geomatyki 3(2): 45-55 (in Polish with English abstract).

Drzewiecki W., Wȩżyk P., Pierzchalski M., Szafrańska B., 2014. Quantitative and qualitative assessment of soil erosion risk in Ma³opolska (Poland), supported by an object-based analysis of high-resolution satellite images. Pure and Applied Geophysics 171(6): 867-895.

Galon R., 1958. Wydmy oeródl¹dowe Polski: vol. 2. PWN, Warszawa: 7-59.

IUSS Working Group WRB, 2015. World Reference Base for soil resources 2014. International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. Update 2015. World Soil Resources Report No. 106. FAO, Rome.

Józefaciuk A., Józefaciuk C., 1992. The structure of water erosion hazard in physiographic regions of Poland. Pamiêtniki Pu- ³awskie (Polish Journal of Agronomy) 101: 23-49 (in Polish).

Kabała C., Świtoniak M., Charzyński P., 2016. Correlation between the Polish Soil Classification (2011) and international soil classification system World Reference Base for Soil Resources (2015). Soil Science Annual 67(2): 88-100.

Kaszubkiewicz J., Tasz W., Kawałko D., Serafin R., 2011. USLE model simplification proposal for application in a small agricultural catchment area. Roczniki Gleboznawcze - Soil Science Annual 62(1): 7-81.

Klimowicz Z., Uziak S., 2001. The influence of long-term cultivation on soil properties and patterns in an undulating terrain in Poland. Catena 43: 177-189.

Kobierski M., 2013. Morphology, properties and mineralogical composition of eroded Luvisols in selected morainic areas of the Kujavian and Pomeranian Province. University of Technology and Life Sciences, Bydgoszcz (in Polish with English summary).

Kühn P., 2003. Micromorphology and Late Glacial/Holocene genesis of Luvisols in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (NEGermany). Catena 54: 537-555.

Latocha A., 2012. Small catchments as sediment archives of past human activities, the example of Sudetes Mountains (SW Poland). Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 56: 115-130.

Marcinek J., Komisarek J., 2004. Anthropogenic transformations of soils of Poznañ Lakeland as a results of intensive agricultural farming. AR. Poznañ (in Polish with English summary).

Maruszczak H., 1991. Chemical denudation. [In:] Geography of Poland. The natural environment. PWN, Warszawa (in Polish).

Olson K.R., Phillips S.R., Kitur B.K., 1994. Identification of eroded phases of an Alfisol. Soil Science 157(2): 108-115.

Orzechowski M., 2008. The properties of eroded and deluvial soils in the Mazurian Lakeland and the Sêpopolska Plain. Roczniki Gleboznawcze - Soil Science Annual 59(3/4): 236-242.

Paluszek J., 2010. The changes of soil cover as a result of erosion. Prace i Studia Geograficzne 45: 279-294 (in Polish with English summary).

Paluszek J., 2013. Assessment of soil structure of Luvisols developed from loess classified in various complexes of agricultural suitability. Soil Science Annual 64(2): 41-48.

Pietrzak D., 2014. Morfologia i w³aoeciwooeci gleb nisz wód zmarzlinowych w Pradolinie Noteci - Warty. MA thesis manuscript. Department of Soil Science and Landscape Management, NCU, Toruñ, Unpublished.

Podlasiński M., 2013. Denudation of anthropogenic impact on the diversity of soil cover and its spatial structure in the agricultural landscape of moraine. West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin (in Polish with English summary).

Polish Soil Classification (Systematyka Gleb Polski), 2011. Roczniki Gleboznawcze - Soil Science Annual 62(3): 1-193 (in Polish with English summary).

Przewoźna B., 2014. Changes of bulk density, air-water properties and morphology of soils in basins without outlets as an effect of erosion and anthropogenic denudation (a study from northwestern Poland). Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 60: 30-37.

Ratajczak-Szczerba M., Paluszkiewicz R., 2015. Analiza sedymentologiczna osadów denudacyjnych w niszy niwalnej w krawêdzi Pradoliny Toruñsko-Eberswaldzkiej (Sedimentological analysis of denudation deposits in nivation niche in the edge of the Toruñ-Eberswalde ice-marginal valley). Landform Analysis 28: 73-85 (in Polish with English abstract).

Rejman J., Rodzik J., 2006. Poland. [In:] Soil Erosion in Europe. (Boardman J., Poesen J., Editors). John Wiley & Sons: 95-106.

Sobiech M., 2012. Geneza rzeŸby glacjalnej I i dynamika ostatniego l¹dolodu w rejonie Górzna, manuscript of master thesis, Toruñ.

Sinkiewicz M., 1998. The development of anthropogenic denudation in central part of northern Poland. UMK, Toruñ (in Polish with English summary).

Strzemski M., 1985. Application of soil-agricultural maps in division of agricultural lands into fields. Roczniki Gleboznawcze - Soil Science Annual 36(1): 113-118 (in Polish with English abstract).

Szrejder B., 1998. Some properties and taxonomic position of soils evolved as a result of anthropogenic denudation in Koniczynka on the Che³mno moraine plateau. Zeszyty Problemowe Postêpów Nauk Rolniczych 460: 499-511 (in Polish with English abstract).

Świȩchowicz J., 2012. Water erosion on agricultural foothill slopes (Carpathian Foothills, Poland). Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 56(3): 21-35 (Supplementary, Issues).

Świtoniak M., 2014. Use of soil profile truncation to estimate influence of accelerated erosion on soil cover transformation in young morainic landscapes, North-Eastern Poland. Catena 116: 173-184.

Świtoniak M., 2015. Issues relating to classification of colluvial soils in young morainic areas (Che³mno and Brodnica Lake District, northern Poland). Soil Science Annual 66(2): 57-66.

Świtoniak M., Bednarek R., 2014. Anthropogenic denudation. [In:] Anthropogenic transformations of soil cover of Brodnica Landscape Park. (OEwitoniak M., Jankowski M., Bednarek R., Editors). Wydawnictwo Naukowe UMK, Toruñ: 57-84 (in Polish).

Świtoniak M., Markiewicz M., Bednarek R., Paluszewski B., 2013. Application of aerial photographs for the assessment of anthropogenic denudation impact on soil cover of the Brodnica Landscape Park plateau areas. Ecological Questions 17: 101-111.

Świtoniak M., Mroczek P., Bednarek R., 2016. Luvisols or Cambisols? Micromorphological study of soil truncation in young morainic landscapes - Case study: Brodnica and Che³mno Lake Districts (North Poland). Catena 137: 583-595.

Uggla H., Mirowski Z., Grabarczyk S., Nożyński A., Rytelewski J., Solarski H., 1968. The water erosion process in hilly areas of north-eastern part of Poland. Roczniki Gleboznawcze - Soil Science Annual 18(2): 415-446 (in Polish with English summary).

Wawer R., Nowocień E., 2007. Digital map of water erosion risk in Poland: a qualitative, vector-based approach. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 16(5): 763-772.

Weckwerth P., 2010. Evolution of the Toruñ Basin in the Late Weichselian. Landform Analysis 14: 57-84

Soil Science Annual

formerly Roczniki Gleboznawcze

Journal Information

Index Copernicus Value- 93.69 pkt

CiteScore 2017: 1.13

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.468
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.781

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 158 158 13
PDF Downloads 95 95 17