Forms and mobility of trace elements in soils of park areas from the city of Bydgoszcz, north Poland

Open access

Abstract

Increasing human activity affects urban ecosystem, including soils. The objective of the study were examine the content of lead, cadmium, copper, zinc, and manganese in soils of city parks and green areas from Bydgoszcz agglomeration, north Poland, estimate their forms and mobility, characterize distribution within soil profile, and estimate their origin – anthropogenic or natural. Three green areas from the older part of the city were selected for the study. Multistep sequential extraction method was conducted for the separation of seven metal fractions. It is concluded that soil studied were contaminated mainly by zinc and lead. These metals exist mainly in relatively non mobile forms i.e. associated with amorphous and crystalline iron oxides and with soil organic matter. The distribution within soil depth varied due to the elution process and variation of mixed soil material and additives.

Bilos C., Colombo J.C., Skorupka N.C., Presa M.J.P., 2001. Source, distribution and variability of air borne trace metals in La Plata City area, Argentina. Environmental Pollution 111: 149–158.

Chen T.B., Zheng M., Lei Z.C., Huang H.T., Wu H., Chen K.K., Fan K., Yu X., Wu Q.Z., 2005. Assessment of heavy metal pollution in surface soils of urban parks in Beijing, China. Chemosphere 60: 542–551.

Crock J.G., Severson R.C., 1980. Geological Survey Circular 84: 1–16.

Deboudt K., Flament P., Bertho B., 2004. Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn concentrations in atmospheric wet deposition at a coastal station in Western Europe. Water Air Soil Pollution 151: 335–359.

Hursthouse A., Toguarelli D., Tucker P., Ajmone Marsal F., Martini L., Madrid L., 2004. Metal content of surface soils in park and allotments from three European cities, initial pilot study results. Land Contamination and Reclamation 12: 189–196.

Kalembkiewicz J., Sitarz-Palczak E., Soco E., Nowak D., Trojnar I., 2014. Mobile fractions in dustfall and possible migration of metals to soil. Soil Science Annual 65(3): 126–129.

Ladonin D.V., Karpukhin M.M., 2008. Effect of the main soil components on the sorption of copper, zinc and lead by urban soils. Moscow University Soil Science Bulletin 63(3): 130–135.

Lee C.S., Li X.D., Shi W.Z., Cheung S.C., Thornton I., 2006. Metal contamination in urban, suburban and country park soils of Hong Kong study based on GIS and multivariate statistics. Science of Total Environment 356: 45–61.

Lerner D.N., 1996. Urban ground water – an asset for the sustainable city. Journal of European Water Pollution Control 6: 43–51.

Li X., Poon Ch., Lin P., 2001. Heavy metal contamination of urban soils and street dust in Hong-Kong. Applied Geochemistry 16(11/12): 1361–1368.

Madrid L., Diaz-Barrientos E., Reinoso R., Madrid F., 2004. Metals in urban soils of Sevilla: seasonal changes and relations with other soil components and plant contents. European Journal of Soil Science 55: 209–217.

Madrid L., Diaz-Barrientos E., Reinoso R., Biasioli M., Davidson C.M., 2006. Variability in concentrations of potentially toxic elemnts in urban parks from six European cities. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 8: 1158–1165.

Mielke H.W., Gonzales C.R., Powell E., Shah A., Mielke P.W., 2002. Natural and anthropogenic processes that concentrate Mn in rural and urban environments of the lower Mississippi river delta. Environmental Research Section A 90: 157–168.

Miller W.P., Martens D.C., Zelazny L.W., 1986. Effect of sequence in extraction of trace metals from soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 50: 598–601.

Mohrlok U., Schiedek T., 2007. Urban impact on soil and groundwater from infiltration processes to integrated urban water management. Journal of Soils and Sediments 7: 68.

Oktaba L., Paziewski K., Kwasowski W., Kondras M., 2014. The effect of urbanization on soil properties and soil organic carbon accumulation in topsoil of Pruszków a medium-sized city in the Warsaw Metropolitan Area, Poland. Soil Science Annual 65(1): 10–17.

Polish Soil Classification (Systematyka Gleb Polski), 2011. Roczniki Gleboznawcze – Soil Science Annual 62(3): 1–193 (in Polish with English summary).

Poyat R.V., Yesilonis I.D., Russell-Anelli J., Neerchal N.K., 2007. Soil chemical and physical properties that differentiate urban land use and cover types. Soil Science Society of America Journal 71: 1010–1019.

Regulation of the Minister of the Environment dated September 9, 2002 on soil and land quality standards (Journal of Laws 165, item 1359, October 4, 2002).

Shi G.T., Chen S.Y., Xu J., Zhang L., Wang C.J. Bi J.Y., 2008. Potentially toxic metal contamination of urban soils and roadside dust in Shanghai, China. Environmental Pollution 156: 251–260.

Soil Science Annual

formerly Roczniki Gleboznawcze

Journal Information

Index Copernicus Value- 93.69 pkt

CiteScore 2017: 1.13

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.468
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.781

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 137 137 9
PDF Downloads 65 65 7