Variability of soil properties in an intensively cultivated experimental field

Open access

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine whether long-term intensive cultivation that used variable ploughing and fertilisation technologies and schemes influences the differentiation of soil properties which may impact the results of growing experiments in a relatively small experimental field (0.1 ha). The field under study is located in Wrocław, in an agricultural experimental station that has been operating for more than 60 years. A transformation of rusty gleyic soils (Brunic Gleyic Arenosols) into anthropogenic black earths (Gleyic Phaeozems (Arenic)) was noticed. The content of organic carbon and nitrogen, pH and the content of exchangeable base cations in the plough layer were positively (statistically and spatially) correlated and their increased values were observed in soils with a deeper and darker plough level. The present differentiation of the physical and chemical properties of soils in the experimental field do not result from such primary soil-forming factors as a kind and texture of parent material, topography, moisture regime, or (micro-)climatic conditions, which are not differentiated within the field, but from various intensity of former cultivation on individual sections of the experimental field. The variability cśfficient of the crucial soil properties was found to exceed 30%, which might significantly influence the results of micro-plot vegetation experiments.

Cassel D.K., Wendroth O., Nielsen D.R., 2000. Assessing spatial variability in an agricultural experiment station field: opportunities arising from spatial dependence. Agronomy Journal 92(4): 706–714.

Chodak T., Gałka B., Giszczak M., 2003. Właściwości gleb intensywnie użytkowanych w doświadczeniu polowym Zeszyty Problemowe Postępów Nauk Rolniczych 493: 351–358.

Godwin R.J., Miller P.C.H., 2003. A review of the technologies for mapping within-field variability. Biosystems Engineering 84(4): 393–407.

IUSS Working Group WRB, 2015. World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014 – an international system for soil classification, first update 2015. World Soil Resources Reports, 106. FAO, Rome: 181 pp.

Kabała C., Bojko O., Medyńska A., Szczepaniak A., 2013. Spatial variability and temporal changes in the heavy metal content of soils with a deep furrow-and-ridge microrelief formed by an afforestation plowing. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 185: 5141–5150.

Kabała C., Gałka B., Jezierski P., Bogacz A., 2011. Transformacja mad w warunkach regulacji rzeki i długotrwałego użytkowania rolniczego w dolinie Dobrej na Nizinie Śląskiej. Roczniki Gleboznawcze – Soil Science Annual 62 (1): 141–153.

Karczewska A., Bogacz A., Kabała C., Szopka K., Duszyńska D., 2006. Methodology of soil monitoring in a forested zone of the Karkonosze National Park with reference to the diversity of soil properties. Polish Journal of Soil Science 39(2): 117–128.

Karczewska A., Kabała C., 2008. Metodyka analiz laboratoryjnych gleb i roślin. Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wrocławiu. http://www.up.wroc.pl/~kabala/Analizy2008v4.doc

Łabaz B., Bogacz A., Kabała C., 2014. Anthropogenic transformation of soils in the Barycz valley-conclusions for soil classification. Roczniki Gleboznawcze – Soil Science Annual 65(3): 103–112.

Paluszek J., 2011. Kryteria oceny jakości fizycznej gleb uprawnych Polski. Acta Agrophysica 2, Rozprawy i monografie 191.

Polish Soil Classification (Systematyka Gleb Polski), 2011. Roczniki Gleboznawcze – Soil Science Annual 62(3): 1–193.

Polskie Towarzystwo Gleboznawcze, 2009. Klasyfikacja uziarnienia gleb i utworów mineralnych – PTG 2008. Roczniki Gleboznawcze – Soil Science Annual 60(2): 5–16.

Sowiński J., Kabała C., Karczewska A., Szydełko-Rabska E., Gałka B., 2016. Content of mineral nitrogen in sandy soils after the application of slow-release fertilizers in the sweet sorghum cultivation. Journal of Elementology 21(4). DOI: 10.5601/jelem.2015.20.4.1035

Turski M., Witkowska-Walczak B., 2004. Fizyczne właściwości gleb płowych wytworzonych z utworów pyłowych różnej genezy. Acta Agrophysica 101: 1–55.

Usowicz B., Hajnos M., Sokołowska Z., Józefaciuk G., Bowanko G., Kossowski J., 2004. Przestrzenna zmienność fizycznych i chemicznych właściwości gleby w skali pola i gminy. Acta Agrophysica 103: 237–247.

Soil Science Annual

formerly Roczniki Gleboznawcze

Journal Information

Index Copernicus Value- 93.69 pkt

CiteScore 2017: 1.13

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.468
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.781

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 98 98 17
PDF Downloads 63 63 16