Soil Quality Assessment of Phaeozems and Luvisols from the Kujawy Region (Central Poland) / Ocena cech użytkowych czarnych ziem i gleb płowych rejonu Kujaw

Open access


To assess the soil quality of Phaeozems and Luvisols from Kujawy region (Kujawy-Pomerania Province, Poland), the soil quality indicators such as: content of organic matter and nutrients, as well as bulk density were used. The soils showed similar inherent properties (soil texture, depth to parent material, type of clay) and management practices (tillage, crop rotation, nutrient application). The following properties were determined: bulk density, grain size composition, exchangeable acidity, concentration of available forms of potassium, phosphorus and magnesium, and the content of total organic carbon (TOC) and nitrogen (Nt). The amounts of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and dissolved nitrogen (DN) were measured in the solution obtained after extraction with 0.004 M CaCl2. The stock of TOCs, Nts and DOCs, and DNs were calculated. The total organic carbon content in surface horizon of Phaeozems was significant higher (13.9-20.1 g·kg-1) than in Ap horizon of Luvisols (8.3-11.0 g·kg-1), which is a consequence of their origin. The stock of organic carbon in Ap horizon fell within 5.89 to 8.49 kg·m2 in Phaeozems and 3.80 to 4.81 kg·m2 in Luvisols. Although Phaeozems demonstrated a significant higher content of TOC, as compared with Luvisols, the amount of dissolved organic carbon was similar in both soil types, which points to a higher share of DOC in the total organic carbon content in Luvisols (up to 17.5% in Et horizon). The amounts of dissolved organic carbon and dissolved nitrogen and their stock do not depend on the type of soils if the management practices are similar.

Arrouays D., Deslais W., Badeau V., 2001. The carbon content of topsoil and its geographical distribution in France. Soil Use and Management, 17(1): 7-11.

Batey T., 2009. Soil compaction and soil management - a review. Soil Use and Management, 25(4): 335-345.

Batjes N.H., 2002. Carbon and nitrogen stocks in the soils of central and eastern Europe. Soil Use and Management, 18(4): 324-329.

Carter M.R., Angers D.A., Gregorich E.G., Bolinder M.A., 2003. Characterizing organic matter retention for surface soils in eastern Canada using density and particle size fractions. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 83(1): 11-23.

Conant R.T., Easter M., Paustian K., Swan A., Williams S., 2007. Impacts of periodic tillage on soil C stocks: A synthesis. Soils and Tillage Research, 95: 1-10.

Drąg M., Dębska B., Tobiašová E., 2010. Wpływ resztek pozbiorowych żyta i ziemniaka na właoeciwooeci kwasów huminowych gleb rożnych typów. Influence of rye and potato residues on the properties of humic acids in different soil types. Roczniki Gleboznawcze - Soil Science Annual, 61(4): 51-56 (in Polish).

Gonet S.S., Dębska B., 2006. Dissolved organic carbon and dissolved nitrogen in soil under different fertilization treatments. Plant Soil Environment, 52(2): 55-63.

Hamza M.A., Anderson W.K., 2005. Soil compaction in cropping systems: a review of the nature, causes, and possible solutions. Soil and Tillage Research, 82: 121-145.

ISO 10390:2005. Soil quality - Determination of pH.

IUSS Working Group WRB, 2015. World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014, update 2015. International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. World Soil Resources Reports No. 106. FAO, Rome.

Jones R.J.A., Spoor G., Thomasson A.J., 2003. Vulnerability of subsoils in Europe to compaction: a preliminary analysis. Soil and Tillage Research, 73(1-2): 131-143.

Kalbitz K., Solinger S., Park J.-H., Michalzik B., Matzner E., 2000. Controls on the dynamics of dissolved organic matter in soils: a review. Soil Science, 165(4): 277-304.

Kobierski M., Dąbkowska-Naskręt H., 2003a. Skład mineralogiczny i wybrane właoeciwooeci fizykochemiczne zróżnicowanych typologicznie gleb Równiny Inowrocławskiej. Cz. I. Morfologia oraz właoeciwooeci fizyczne i chemiczne gleb Równiny Inowrocławskiej (Mineralogical composition and selected physicochemical properties of soils from Inowrocław Plain. Part I. Morphology and physical and chemical properties of selected soils. Roczniki Gleboznawcze - Soil Science Annual, 54(4): 17-27 (in Polish).

Kobierski M., Dąbkowska-Naskręt H., 2003b. Skład mineralogiczny i wybrane właoeciwooeci fizykochemiczne zróżnicowanych typologicznie gleb Równiny Inowrocławskiej. Cz. II. Skład mineralogiczny frakcji ilastej Równiny Inowrocławskiej. (Mineralogical composition and selected physicochemical properties of soils from Inowrocław Plain. Part II. Mineralogical composition of clay fraction. Roczniki Gleboznawcze - Soil Science Annual, 54(4): 29-44 (in Polish).

Kobierski M., Dąbkowska-Naskręt H., 2005. Potas w zróżnicowanych typologicznie glebach Równiny Inowrocławskiej (Potassium in soils of different type from Inowrocław Plain). Nawozy i Nawożenie. Fertilizers and Fertilization, 3(24): 171-181 (in Polish).

Kobierski M., Jaworska H., Dąbkowska-Naskręt H., Wegner K., 2009. Związki próchniczne w poziomach orno-próchnicznych gleb płowych Pomorza i Kujaw (Humic substances in humus horizons of Luvisols from Pomorze i Kujawy Region). Roczniki Gleboznawcze - Soil Science Annual, 60, (2): 53-60 (in Polish).

Kobierski M., Wojtasik M., 2009. Zasoby wêgla organicznego i nieorganicznego w glebach ornych i użytkowanych sadowniczo wybranych mezoregionów Pojezierza Południowobał- tyckiego. Organic and inorganic carbon densities in arable and orchard soils in selected mesoregions of the South-Baltic Lakeland. Roczniki Gleboznawcze - Soil Science Annual, 60(4): 57-64 (in Polish).

Kobierski M., Wojtasik M., Jaworska H., 2005. Porównanie właoeciwooeci gleb brunatnych różnie użytkowanych (Comparison of properties of variously used brown soils). Ekologia i Technika, 7(6): 240-246 (in Polish).

Kondras M., Czępińska-Kamińska D., Osiñski M., Osińska E., 2010. Zapas wêgla organicznego oraz właoeciwooeci fizykochemiczne gleb w kompleksie leoenym „Dąbrowy Krotoszyñskie”. The stock of organic carbon in forest soils in phytocenosis of the continental mixed coniferous forest in Kampinos National Park). Roczniki Gleboznawcze - Soil Science Annual, 61(4): 113-122 (in Polish).

Kramer B.S., Reganold J.P., Glover J.D., Bohannan B.J.M., Mooney H.A., 2006. Reduced nitrate leaching and enhanced denitrifier activity and efficiency in organically fertilized soils. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 103: 4522-4527.

Lal R., 2013. Intensive agriculture and the soil carbon pool. Journal of Crop Improvement, 27(6): 735-751.

Lal R., 2015. Restoring soil quality to mitigate soil degradation. Sustainability, 7(5): 5875-5895.

Leifeld J., Bassin S., Fuhrer J., 2005. Carbon stocks in Swiss agricultural soils predicted by land-use, soil characteristics, and altitude. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 105(1-2): 255-266.

Louwagie G., Gay S.H., Burrell A. (eds)., 2009. Addressing soil degradation in EU agriculture: relevant processes, practices and policies. Report on the project: Sustainable agriculture and Soil Conservation (SoCo). JRC Scientific and Technical Reports. EC. Luxembourg: 49-52.

Łabaz B., Kabała C., 2014. Geneza, właoeciwooeci i klasyfikacja czarnych ziem w Polsce (Origin, properties and classification of „black earths” in Poland). Roczniki Gleboznawcze - Soil Science Annual, 65(2): 80-90 (in Polish).

Nardi S., Morari F., Berti A., Tosoni M., Giardani l., 2004. Soil organic matter properties after 40 years use of organic and mineral fertilizers. European Journal of Agronomy, 21(3): 357-367.

Neff J.C., Asner G.P., 2001. Dissolved organic carbon in terrestrial ecosystems: synthesis and a model. Ecosystems, 4(1): 29-48.

Paluszek J., 2011. Kryteria oceny jakooeci fizycznej gleb uprawnych Polski (Criteria of evaluation of physical quality of Polish arable soils). Acta Agrophysica, Rozprawy i Monografie, 191: 1-139 (in Polish).

PN-EN ISO 11260. (2011). Soil quality - Determination of effective cation exchange capacity and base saturation level using level barium chloride solution.

PN-ISO-11277:2005. Soil quality - Determination of particle size distribution in mineral soil material - Method by sieving and sedimentation.

Polskie Towarzystwo Gleboznawcze, 2009. Klasyfikacja uziarnienia gleb i utworów mineralnych PTG 2008 (Particle size distribution and textural classes of soils and mineral materials - classification of Polish Society of Soil Science 2008). Roczniki Gleboznawcze - Soil Science Annual, 60(2): 5-16.

Siuta J., Żukowski B., 2010. Rozwój i potencjalne zagrożenie agroekosystemów. Czeoeæ IV. Zagrożenia agroekosystemów. Development of and potential threats to agroecosystems part IV. Threats to agroecosystems. Ochrona OErodowiska i Zasobów Naturalnych, 43: 80-103 (in Polish).

Sosulski T., Korc M., 2011. Effects of different mineral and organic fertilization on the content of nitrogen and carbon in soil organic matter fractions. Ecological Chemistry and Engineering. A, 18(4): 601-609.

Sosulski T., Szara E., Stępień W., 2013. Dissolved organic carbon in Luvisol under different fertilization and crop rotation. Soil Science Annual, 64(3): 114-119.

Stuczyński T., Kozyra J., Łopatka A., Siebielec G., Jadczyszyn J., Koza P., Doroszewski A., Wawer R., Nowocieñ E., 2007. Przyrodnicze uwarunkowania produkcji rolniczej w Polsce. [w:] Współczesne uwarunkowania organizacji produkcji w gospodarstwach rolniczych. Studia i Raporty IUNG-PIB, 7: 77-115 (in Polish).

Suuster E., Ritz Ch., Roostalu H., Reintam E., Kölli R., Astover A., 2011. Soil bulk density pedotransfer functions of the humus horizon in arable soils. Geoderma, 163(1-2): 74-82.

Taghizadeh-Toosi A., Olesen J.E., Kristensen K., Elsgaard L., Ostergaard H.S., Laegdsmand M., Greve M.H., Christensen B.T., 2014. Changes in carbon stocks of Danish agricultural mineral soils between 1986 and 2009. European Journal of Soil Science, 65(5): 730-740.

Van Eerd L.L., Congreves K.A., Hayes A., Verhallen A., Hooker D.C., 2014. Long-term tillage and crop rotation effects on soil quality, organic carbon, and total nitrogen. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 94(3): 303-315.

Van Camp L., Bujarrabal B., Gentile A.R., Jones R.J.A., Montanarella L., Olazabal C., Selvaradjou S-K., 2004. Soil Thematic Strategy. Reports of the Technical Working Groups Established under the Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection, Volume I-VI, EUR 21319 EN/3: 872 s.

VandenBygaart A.J., Gregorich E.G., Angers D.A., 2003. Influence of agricultural management on soil organic carbon: A compendium and analysis of Canadian studies. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 83(4): 363-380.

Wiesmeier M., Spörlein P., Geuß F.U., Hagen E., Haug S., Reischl A., Schilling B., Lützow M., Kögel-Knabner I., 2012. Soil organic carbon stocks in southeast Germany (Bavaria) as affected by land use, soil type and sampling depth. Global Change Biology, 18(7): 2233-2245.

Wojtasik M., 1989. Ocena gêstooeci gleb wytworzonych z glin zwałowych (Determination of the density of soils developed from boulder clays). Roczniki Gleboznawcze - Soil Science Annual, 40(2): 29-42.

Soil Science Annual

formerly Roczniki Gleboznawcze

Journal Information

Index Copernicus Value- 93.69 pkt

CiteScore 2017: 1.13

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.468
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.781


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 86 86 9
PDF Downloads 35 35 4