Influence of human activities on the soils of Debrecen, Hungary

Open access


Soil profiles of the city centre of Debrecen were investigated in order to examine their properties and investigate the vertical distribution of heavy metals as a measure the anthropogenic activity. During the laboratory work the basic soil features were identified (texture, artefact content, pH, CaCO3, and amounts of organic matter). Furthermore, contents of Pb, Zn, Cu and Co in the soils were measured. Most of the metals showed a strong positive correlation with the humus content and the silt fraction. The soils of the city centre are exposed to a significant anthropogenic effect, therefore the original soil morphologies are usually difficult to identify. The soil profiles are greatly disturbed, which is traceable in the vertical distribution of certain soil features and metal contents.

6/2009 (IV. 14.) Joint Decree of the Hungarian Ministries of Environment, Healthcare and Agriculture, respectively about the limit values and standard procedures to assess the pollution level, in order to protect the geological medium and ground- waters against pollution.

Bidló L., Szûcs P., Kámán O., Németh E., Horváth A., 2012. Soil conditions in Székesfehérvár. International Scientific Conference on Sustainable Development and Ecological Footprint, The Impact of Urbanization, Industrial and Agricultural Technologies on the Natural Environment: 1.6.

Charzyñski P., Hulisz P., 2013. Soils forming on the buildings in Toruñ [In] Technogenic soils of Poland (Charzyñski P., Hulisz P., Bednarek R., Editors).Polisih Society of Soils Science, Toruñ: 81.84.

Csorba P., 2008. Ecology pathway in Debrecen . Meridián Foundation, Debrecen: 44 pp.

Hargitai L., 1989. Investigation of humus-heavy metal connections and its environmental protection significance. Agrochemistry and Pedology 38(1.2): 155.160.

Horváth A., Szûcs P., Kámán O., Németh E., Bidló A., 2013. The examination of topsoils in Sopron and its area. Landscape Ecology 11(1): 1.10.

Howard J.L., Olszewska D., 2011. Pedogenesis, geochemical forms of heavy metals, and artifact weathering in an urban soil chronosequence, Detroit, Michigan. Environmental Pollution 159: 754.761.

Imperato M., Adamo P., Naimo D., Arienzo M., Stanzione D., Violante P., 2003. Spatial distribution of heavy metals in urban soils of Naples city (Italy). Environmental Pollution 124: 247.256.

IUSS Working Group WRB. 2007. World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2006, first update 2007. World Soil Resources Reports No. 103. FAO, Rome.

Kovács M., Nyári I., 1984. The heavy metal contents of the public places of Budapest. Agrochemistry and Pedology 33(3.4): 501.510.

Lark R.M., Scheib C., 2013. Land use and lead content in the soils of London. Geoderma 209.210: 65.74.

Li H.B., Yu S., Li G.L., Deng H., Luo X.S., 2011. Contamination and source differentiation of Pb in park soils along an urban-rural gradient in Shanghai. Environmental Pollution 159: 3536.3544.

Martonné E.K., 2008. Landscape Geography of Hungary. Debrecen, Kossuth University Press: 192 pp.

Puskás I., Farsang A., 2006. The evaluation of the parameters indicating the level of anthropogenic effects in urban soils. [In:] Kertész Á., Dövényi Z., Kocsis K., Editors). 2006. Third Hungarian Conference on Geography: book of abstracts. Budapest, Geographical Research Institute.

Puskás I., 2008. Soils of our cities: the complex evaluation and ranking of the soils in Szeged. University of Szeged, Szeged: 154 pp.

Shi G.T., Chen Z.L., Xu S.Y., Zhang J., Wang L., Bi C.J., Teng J.Y., 2008. Potentially toxic metal contamination of urban soils and roadside dust in Shanghai, China. Environmental Pollution 156: 251.260.

Szabó Gy., 2000. Geographical study of heavy metals in soils and plants in a sample area of the north hungarian mountains . Studia Geographica, University of Debrecen, Debrecen: 142 pp.

Szabó J., 1998. The effects of settlements. [In:] the effect of the society to the surface (anthropogenic geomorphology) (Borsy Z., Editor). General Natural Geography: 832 pp.

Szabó Sz., Posta J., Gosztonyi Gy., Mészáros I., Prokisch J., 2008. Heavy metal content of flood sediments and plants near the River Tisza. AGD Landscape and Environment 2: 120.131. Szabó Sz., Posta J., 2008. The heavy metal content of the geological medium and the speed of the sedimentation in the floodplain [In:] Chapters from Geology dedicated for dr. Kozák Miklós (Püspöki Z., Editor). University of Debrecen, Debrecen: 85.90.

Szalai Z., Német T., 2008. The effects of the elemental regional pattern on the soils. chemical parameters) Hungarian Geographical Bulletin 57 (1.2): 135.146.

Szegedi S., 1999. Heavy metals in soils and plants of Debrecen of transportation origin, and its pedologic connections and city ecological effects PhD dissertation. Kossuth Lajos University, Department of Applied Landscape Geography, Debrecen: 138 pp.

Szegedi S., 2003. The characteristics of the heat island of Debrecen . Chapters from Environment Protection . Fort the 60. birthday of Dr. Kerényi Attila, Debrecen: 383.389.

website 1:

website 2:

Soil Science Annual

formerly Roczniki Gleboznawcze

Journal Information

Index Copernicus Value- 93.69 pkt

CiteScore 2017: 1.13

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.468
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.781

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 82 82 4
PDF Downloads 40 40 8