Physical Culture Between Rationalism and Theoanthropocentrism

Open access


Physical culture with the man in its centre has always been an integral part of social events and troubles in various times and ages. Regardless the need to adjust its theory and practice to the given requirements and social circumstances of the time it has always been stretched between rationalism and theanthropos‐centrism. Rationalism and its right wing the Enlightenment had formed deep furrows in the area of physical culture, (too) since the age of Pythagoras, Epicurus, Plato and later Origen and the Neoplatonists and Descartes' ''I think, therefore I am''. The great Njegoš made a clear judgement of the general effects of Rationalism in his work The Ray of the Microcosm: ''You, Pythagoras and you, Epicurus, ... You have degraded a being a man.'' Indeed, only a glimpse at today's events and the development of sport and physical exercise is enough to prove his words to be true. On the other hand, thenathropos‐centrism with its theory and practice bring back hope that not all is lost, when everything is lost (R.P. Nogo). Theanthroposcentrism or, God‐man centrism as it can be called, approaches man with Love and belief that physical exercises is divine food for the human being. And that the food is given to him so that he can master the good as gifted from the Creator, to stand firm, get strong and divinized. Therefore, we can say that Rationalism and Thanthropos‐centrism are two views of and two approaches to man (even) in modern times. Behind the first one there is pridewhereas behind the second one there isLove. It is up to man himself to choose his way.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Živanović Nenad; Pavlović Petar; Antala Branislav; Pantelić‐Babić Kristina. (2015): The History of Physical Education in Europe Book 1‐2 FIEP Europe - History of Physical Education and Sport Section Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Leposavić Serbia

  • 2. Živanović Nenad. (2011): An Apology of Physical Exercise. Niš: Panoptikum

  • 3. Živanović Nenad. (2011): Contribution to Epistemology of Physical Culture. The second reviewed edition. Panoptikum Niš

  • 4. Živanović Nenad; Ranđelović Nebojša; Pavlović Petar; Stanković Veroljub. (2010): The Theory of Physical Culture. Faculty of Sports and Physical Education Niš. Panoptikum Niš

  • 5. Father Paisios. (2011): Lessons. Volume I. Saint Stephen's Monastery Vranje.

Journal information
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 196 196 13
PDF Downloads 87 87 6