Psychometric Characteristics of the Scale for Measurement of Readiness for Active Involvement in Physical Education Classes in Elementary School

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Summary

School curriculum and syllabus of physical education sets in front of the pupils the objectives and tasks that could be, by their nature, both physical and socio-psychological while the level of mastering of the contents is measured with a mark that is seen as the result of efficiency of overall educational process at a certain education level. However, the mark in physical education is a composite of numerous factors, one of which is motivation that can be considered within a school environment as readiness for an active engagement of pupils during classes (contrary to passive and mechanical fulfilment of requirements and acting based on the teachers’ demand, or open and direct obstruction of a class, disturbing of discipline and refusal to actively implement the curriculum). Therefore, it is important to take pupils’ motivation into account in order to fulfilthe sense of physical education classes, remedy the potential shortcomings, and improve additionally the planned syllabus. The Scale for measurement of readiness for active involvement at physical education classes in elementary school has been designed with that aim since early adolescence is considered a critical period for adopting of healthy lifestyles and its metric characteristics have also been tested. The Scale consists of five levels, of Likert’s type and it consists of two sub-scales (Commitment and Winning) with nine statements in total.

With good psychometric characteristics, easy understanding, concise contents and short and simple setting it is recommended for further work and additional research in the field of motivation in physical education in both elementary and secondary school.

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