Without Qualification: An Inquiry Into the Secundum Quid

Open access

Abstract

In this paper I will consider several interpretations of the fallacy of secundum quid as it is given by Aristotle in the Sophistical Refutations and argue that they do not work, one reason for which is that they all imply that the fallacy depends on language and thus fail to explain why Aristotle lists this fallacy among the fallacies not depending on language (extra dictione), amounting often to a claim that Aristotle miscategorises this fallacy. I will argue for a reading that preserves Aristotle’s categorization by a quite different account of how qualifications function.

Aristotle. (1941). Metaphysics. In Richard McKeon (ed.) The Basic Works of Aris- totle tr. W.D. Ross. New York: Random House

-. (1941). Posterior Analytics. In Richard McKeon (ed.) The Basic Works of Aristotle tr. Hugh Tredennick. New York: Random House

-. (1941). Sophistical Refutations. In Richard McKeon (ed.) The Basic Works of Aristotle tr. W.A. Pickard-Cambridge. New York: Random House

Botting, David. (2012). The two one fallacy theory theory. In Philosophical and Formal Approaches to Linguistic Analysis ed. Piotr Stalmaszczyk. Frankfurt, Paris, Lancaster, New Brunswick: Ontos Verlag

Buridan, Jean. (2001). Summulae de dialectica tr. Gyula Klima. New Haven and London: Yale University Press

Kirwan, Christopher. (1979). Aristotle and the so-called fallacy of equivocation. The Philosophical Quarterly, 29(114), 35-46

Knuuttila, S., & Hintikka, J. (Eds.). (1986). The Logic of Being: Historical Studies (Vol. 28). Springer.

Tindale, C.W. (2007). Fallacies and argument appraisal. New York: Cambridge University Press Van Eemeren, F. H., & Grootendorst, R. (1987). Fallacies in pragma-dialectical perspective. Argumentation, 1(3), 283-301.

Walton, Douglas. (2005). Argumentation methods in artificial intelligence in law.

Springer

-. (1999). Rethinking the fallacy of hasty generalization. Argumentation, 13(2), 161-182 170

Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric

The Journal of University of Bialystok

Journal Information


Cite Score 2017: 0.28

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.136
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.293

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 213 187 15
PDF Downloads 117 113 8