Sickness Presence among Disabled Workers at the University Medical Centre Ljubljana / Prezentizem Med Invalidi V Univerzitetenem Kliničnem Centru Ljubljana

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Objectives. The aim of the article is to investigate the differences in sickness present and non-sickness present in the group of disabled health care professionals.

Methods. Data were gathered from all disabled health care professionals suffering from invalidity of category II or III who were identified in the research among all health care professionals at the University Medical Centre Ljubljana and who were employed there in the period between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2010. Each employee obtained a questionnaire composed of three standardized international questionnaires.

Results. There were 248 disabled workers of the II. and III. category of invalidity among the participants. Disabled sickness present reported to have more chronic diseases than disabled non-sickness present (OR = 57.0; 95% CI = 24.4-133.2), lower salary when on sick leave (OR = 13.1; 95% CI = 5.7- 30.2) and poor self-rated health (OR = 5.8; 95% CI = 2.7-12.3).

Conclusions. The prerequisite for sickness presence among disabled workers is their chronic bad health. It is also formally recognized with the degree of disability. Economic factors are among the most important to direct disabled workers towards sickness presence. The results indicate that workplaces are not adapted to disabled workers in regard to their limitations.

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