Background: Researchers have found that mortality is decreasing in all socioeconomic population groups but therelative differences in mortality between lower and higher social classes remain unchanged or have even increased.In Slovenia this has not yet been studied.
Methods: The analysis included all women in Slovenia who died in the 2005-2010 period and were recorded in theRegistry of deaths. Cause of death data was linked to data on the educational attainment of the deceased person,which was applied successfully in 98.8% of cases. The rate ratios (RR) for age-standardised death rates werecalculated for women with a low and high educational attainment.
Results: The calculated gap in life expectancy at age 30 between women with low and high educational attainmentstood at 5.5 years. Women aged 0-84 with a low educational attainment had a statistically significant higher riskof death than women with a high educational attainment (RR=1.65; 95% CI: 1.57-1.73). Inequalities in prematuremortality were even greater (1.78; 1.65-1.93). Educational inequalities in premature mortality were revealed in themajority of causes of death, e.g. cervical cancer (1.99; 1.22-3.67), lung cancer (1.70; 1.30-2.26), cardiovasculardiseases (3.02; 2.41-3.91), causes directly attributable to alcohol (7.34; 4.96-12.27), motor vehicle accidents (2.23;1.21-4.45) and suicide (1.68; 1.19-2.41).
Conclusions: Significant socioeconomic gaps in women’s mortality in Slovenia obligate us to more systematicmonitoring of health inequalities in the future. Further research is required in order to clarify specific reasons for themajor gaps in mortality from specific causes of death.
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