Results of provenance cum progeny trials of Eucalyptus tereticornis Sm. laid out in 2002 at three sites viz. FRI Campus (Uttaranchal), Chiryanpur (Uttaranchal) and Midnapore (West Bengal) located in tropical region of India are reported and discussed. Thirteen provenances representing 91 families from Australia and Papua New Guinea (PNG) viz. Oro bay to Emo, PNG; Sirinumu Sogeri Plat, PNG; Warwick, QLD; Yurammie, SF, NSW; Buckenbowra SF, NSW; Selection flat SF559, NSW; Credition SF, QLD; Cardwell, QLD; Mitchell River MT Molloy, QLD; Mill stream archer creek, QLD; Helenvale, QLD; Walsh River, QLD; Burdekin River, QLD were evaluated from nursery stage to field performance (age 21months). As a local seed source open-pollinated seeds collected from selected interspecific Eucalyptus F1 hybrid trees of FRI-4, FRI-5 and Mysore gum (Eucalyptus teretirornis) were used to serve as check material (control). Significant differences between the provenances and families at age 21 months were observed for height, clean stem length, collar diameter and field survival. Significant provenance x site interaction was observed for height. In general the north Queensland provenances performed better and in particular two provenances viz. Walsh River, QLD and Burdekin River, QLD ranked the best in comparison to others at this age. Results indicate that significant genetic differences exist between the families and provenances of E. tereticornis. The growth traits were inter-correlated with each other. Geographic clinal variation pattern was observed in some of the growth traits viz. height, clean stem height and collar diameter. There were fair differences between phenotypic and genotypic coefficient of variability. Heritability (narrow sense) values were fairly good for height and clear stem length in comparison to collar diameter. The relative performance of the provenances was fairly consistent throughout test sites.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
BANERJEE S. K. NATH S. and NANDI APARJITA (1990): Provenance trials of Eucalyptus tereticornis in two lateritic soils of West Bengal. Indian Journal of Forestry 13 (1): 1-7.
CHAMSHAMA S. A. O. MUGASHA A. G. and WATE P. A. (1999): Variation in performance of Eucalyptus tereticornis provenances at Michafutene Mozambique. Silvae Genetica 48: 6.
CHAPOLA G. B. and NGULUBE M. R. (1991): Productivity and wood properties of some Eucalypts at kasungu flue cured tobacco authority Malawi. Forest Research Institute of Malawi Report No. 91008 29 pp.
CHATURVEDI A. N. SIVAJI P. and JAYRAM PRASAD D.V. (1989): Eucalyptus provenance trials in Andhra Pradesh. Indian Forester 115: 445-454.
CHATURVEDI A. N. (1976): Eucalyptus in India. Indian Forester 102: 57-63.
DAVIDSON J. and DAS S. (eds.). (1985): Eucalyptus in Bangladesh. Silviculture Division Bulletin No. 6. Bangaledsh Forest Research Institute Chittagong.
ELDRIDGE K. DAVIDSON J. HARWOOD C. and WYK G. (1994): Eucalypt Domestication and Breeding. Clarendon press.Oxford. Pp. 228-229.
EVANS J. (1992): Plantation forestry in the tropics. Oxford Science Publications. 2nd Edition. 403 pp.
HAMRICK J. L. and LIBBY W. J. (1972): Variation and selection in western U. S. Montane species. I. White fir. Silvae Genetica 21 (1-2): 29-35.
HEGDE R. (2002): Genetic analysis of growth and wood traits of provenances and one-parent families of E. camaldulensis Dehnh. Ph. D. thesis Forest Research Institute (Deemed University) Dehradun India.
JACOBS M. R. (1981): Eucalypts for planting. FAO Forestry Series No. 11. FAO Rome.
KAARAKKA V. and JOHANSSON S. G. (1993): Early development of Eucalyptus tereticornis provenances exposed to irrigation. Afric. Agric. For. J. 58: 43-47.
LAMPRECHT H. (1989): Silviculture in the tropics. GTZ. Eschborn Germany. 296 pp.
MARTIN B. (1978): L’Eucalyptus comme exotique: recets rogres dans le choix des especes et des provenances. In: Documents FAO third world consultation on forest tree breeding Vol. 1 pp. 155-172. CSIRO Canberra.
MATHESON A. C. and MULLIN L. J. (1987): Variation among neighbouring and distant provenances of Eucalyptus grandis and E. tereticornis in Zimbabwean field trials. Australian Forest Research 17: 233-250.
OTEGBEYE G. O. (1985): Productivity in Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. and its conservation to genetic improvement in the savanna region of Nigeria. Silvae Genetica 34: 121-126.
PINOPUSARERK K. DORAN J. C. WILLIAMS E. R. and WASUAWANICH P. (1996): Variation in growth of Eucalyptus camaldulensis provenances in Thailand. Forest Ecology and Management 87: 63-73.
PRYOR L. D. (1966): A report on past performance and some current aspects of the cultivation of quick-growing species (mainly Eucalyptus) in India. Indian Forester 92: 615-622.
PURNELL R. C. (1986): Early results from provenance/progeny trials of Eucalyptus nitens in South Africa. Proc. IUFRO conference on Breeding Theory Progeny testing and Seed Orchards pp. 500-513. Williamsburg Virginia USA.
REHFELDT G. E. (1983): Adaptation of Pinus contorota populations to heterogeneous environments in northern Idaho. Can. J. For. Res. 13 (3): 405-411.
SIDHU D. S. and SINGH B. (2002): Genetic evaluation of indigenous and exotic seed sources of Eucalyptus tereticornis in nursery and under different agro-climatic zones of Punjab - early results. In: Recent Eucalypt Research in India ed. By
BAGCHI S. K. VARGESE M. and SIDDAPPA). Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree breeding Coimbatore P. 47-56.
SUBRAMANIAN K. N. MANDAL A. K. and NICODEMUS A. (1995): Genetic variability and character association in Eucalyptus grandis. Annals of Forestry 3 (2): 134-137.
TIMONI J. L. COELHA L. C. C. KAGEYAMA P. Y. and DA SILVA A. A.: Teste de procedencia de Eucalyptus spp. Na regiao de Moji-Guacu (SP). Silvicultura Sao Paulo 31 505-507.
WILLIAMS E. R. MATHESON A. C. and HARWOOD C. E. (2002): Experimental design and analysis for tree improvement (IInd edition). CSIRO Publishing Canberra Pp. 91-117.
ZHOU W. L. and BAI J. Y. (1989): Tropical Ecualypt trials on Hainan island People’s Republic of China. In: Trees for the tropics (ed. D. J. BOLAND) pp. 79-87. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research Canberra.
ZOBEL B. J. VAN WYK G. and STAHI P. (1987): Growing exotic forests. A Wiley Interscience Publication. John Wiley and Sons NY USA. 508 pp.