Statement of problem: Future orientation is a multidimensional and multistage phenomenon. Studies have indicated that how adolescents anticipate and plan for their future is greatly influenced by the particular context in which they are placed, but most of the research in this area has been conducted with adolescents from western cultures. Aim: This study examined the personal (getting married, moving with the partner, having a child) and professional (having a job, starting a business) future planning of adolescents in contemporary Romania and its relation with adolescents’ background and with parents and friends support. Method: We administered a questionnaire measuring their future orientation and support from parents and friends to 3524 high school seniors from Romania. Results: Adolescents’ personal future planning varies across different life domains. Females were more likely to plan moving with the partner and getting married, while males were more likely to plan a career option. Family had an effect on professional plans, but the effect is negative, while friends were positive associated with all the future planning
Akos, Patrik, Glenn W. Lambie, Amy Milsom and Kelly Gilbert. 2007. “Early adolescents’ aspirations and academic tracking: An exploratory investigation.” Professional School Counseling 11 (1): 57-64.
Bandura, Albert, Claudio Barbaranelli, Gian Vittorio Caprara and Concetta Pastorelli. 2001. “Self-efficacy beliefs as shapers of children’s aspirations and career trajectories.” Child Development 72 (1): 187-206.
Barnett, Rosalinda C., Karen C. Gareis, Jacquelyn B. James and Jennifer Steele. 2003. “Planning ahead: College seniors’ concerns about careermarriage conflict.” Journal of Vocational Behavior 62 (2): 305-319.
Cairns, Robert B. and Beverley D. Cairns. 1994. Lifelines and Risks: Pathways of Youth in Our Time. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Conger, Rand. D, Ming Cui, Chalandra M. Bryant and Glen H. Elder Jr. 2000. “Competence in early adult romantic relationships: a developmental perspective on family influences.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 79 (2): 224-37.
Davies, Mark and Denise B. Kandel. 1981. “Parental and peer influences on adolescents' educational plans: Some further evidence.” American Journal of Sociology 87 (2): 363-387.
DeMaris, Alfred. 1995. “A tutorial in logistic regression.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 57 (4): 956-968.
Ellison, B. Nicole, Yvette D. Wohn and Christine M. Greenhow. 2014. “Adolescents' visions of their future careers, educational plans, and life pathways: The role of bridging and bonding social capital experiences.” Journal of Social and Personal Relationships 31 (4): 516-534.
Farmer, Helen S. 1985. “Model of career and achievement motivation for women and men.” Journal of Counseling Psychology 32 (3): 363-390.
Felsman, Debra E. and David L. Blustein. 1999. “The role of peer relatedness in late adolescent career development.” Journal of Vocational Behavior 54 (2): 279-295.
Fisher, Teresa A. and Mildred B. Griggs. 1995. “Factors that influence the career development of African-American and Latino youth.” The Journal of Vocational Education Research 20 (2): 57-74.
Furstenberg, Frank F., Thomas D. Cook, Jacquelynne Eccles, Glen H. Elder and Arnold Sameroff. 1999. Managing to Make It: Urban Families and Adolescent Success. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Hărăguş, Paul, Maria Roth and Diana Dămean. 2010. “The Measurement of the Social Dimensions of School Success - A Validity Study of teh Romanian Version of School Success Profile.” Studia Sociologia LV (1): 31-55.
Iovu, Mihai B. 2013. “Senior high school students’ job planning for the future: what factors really matter?” Revista de Asistenţă Socială 1: 59-70.
Iovu, Mihai B., Paul T. Hărăguş, Maria Roth, Sergiu Raiu, Agnes Kacso- David, Csaba Degi, Cristina Faludi, Corina Voicu and Anna Vincze. 2013. “Adolescents’ Plans for Family Formation. Preliminary Findings from Romania.” Revista de Asistenţă Socială 3: 131-143.
Karoly, Paul. 1993. “Goal systems: An organizing framework for clinical assessment and treatment planning.” Psychological Assessment 5 (3): 273-280.
Maines, David R. and Monica J. Hardesty. 1987. “Temporality and gender: Young adults’ career and family plans.” Social Forces 66 (1): 102-120.
Manzi, Claudia, Vivian L. Vignoles and Camillo Regalia. 2010. “Accommodating a new identity: Possible selves, identity change, and well-being across two life-transitions.” European Journal of Social Psychology 40 (6): 970-984.
McCabe, Kristen and Douglas Barnett. 2000. “First comes work, then comes marriage: Future orientation among African American young adolescents.” Family Relations 49 (1): 63-70. Oyserman, Daphna 2001. “Self and identity.” In Blackwell handbook of social psychology, edited by Abraham Tessor and Norbert Schwarz, 499-517. New York: Oxford University Press.
Rarasati, Niken, Moh A. Hakim and Kwartarini W. Yuniarti. 2012. “Japanese Adolescents’ Future Orientation and Support for its Effort: An Indigenous Psychological Analysis.” World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 6 (6): 597-601.
Roth, Maria, Agnes Kacso-David, Mihai Iovu, Anna Vincze, Paul Hărăguş, Csaba Degi, Corina Voicu and Cristina Faludi. 2012. “Outcomes of Adolescence in Romania.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 69: 1959-1964.
Runcan, Patricia and Cosmin Goian. 2013. “Career aspiration of social work students from Romania.” Social Work Review 1: 103-110.
Schoon, Ingrid and Samantha Parsons. 2002. “Teenage Aspirations for Future Careers and Occupational Outcome.” Journal of Vocational Behavior 60 (2): 262-288.
Seltzer, Judith A. 2000. “Families formed outside marriage.” Journal of Marriage and Family 62 (4): 1247-1268.
Sipe, Stephanie, Johnson C. Douglas and Donna K. Fisher. 2009. “University Students’ Perceptions of Gender Discrimination in the Workplace: Reality versus Fiction.” Journal of Education for Business 84 (6): 339-349.
Starrels, Marjorie E. and Kristen E. Holm. 2000. “Adolescents’ Plans for Family Formation: Is Parental Socialization Important?” Journal of Marriage and the Family 62 (2): 416-429.
Stattin, Håkan and Margaret Kerr. 2001. “Adolescents’ Values Matter.” In Navigating Through Adolescence: European Perspectives, edited by Jari- Erik Nurmi, 21-54. New York: Routledge Falmer.
Steinberg, Laurence D. 2004. The ten basic principles of good parenting. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Steinberg, Laurence, Sandra Graham, Lia O’Brien, Jennifer Woolard, Elizabeth Cauffman and Marie Banich. 2009. “Age Differences in Future Orientation and Delay Discounting.” Child Development 80 (1): 28-44.
Trempala, Janusz and Lars-Erik Malmberg. 2002. Adolescents’ future orientation. Theory and Research. New York: Lang.