There is an increasing public, political and research interest in social solidarity. Even though the concept has a long history and is embedded in solid approaches, there is not much literature concerned with its measurement. The paper falls into the area of the methodological studies of social solidarity and it deals with construct validation. The objective of this paper is to test for convergent validity and nomological validity of two sets of items aiming to measure social solidarity attitudes and acts. The main method employed is confirmatory factor analysis.
Abela, Anthony M. 2004. Solidarity and religion in the European Union: A comparative sociological perspective. In The Value(s) of a Constitution for Europe. ed. Peter G. Xuereb, 71-101. Malta: European Documentation and Research Centre, University of Malta.
Arnsperger, Christian and Yanis Varoufakis. 2003. Toward a Theory of Solidarity.Erkenntnis 59 (2): 157-188.
Arts, Wil and John Gelissen. 2001. Welfare states, solidarity and justice principles: does the type really matter? Acta Sociologica 4 (4): 283-300.
De Beer, Paul and Ferry Koster. 2009. Sticking Together or Falling Apart? Solidarity in an Era of Individualization and Globalization. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
Brown, Timothy A. 2006. Confirmatory Factor Analysis for Applied Research. New York: The Guilford Press.Carmines, Edward G. and Richard A. Zeller. 1979. Reliability and Validity Assessment.
Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.
Byrne, Barbara. 2010. Structural Equation Modeling with Amos: basic concepts, applications, and programming. New York: Routledge.
Calhoun, Craig. 2007. Nations Matter Culture, History, and the Cosmopolitan Dream.New York: Roultledge.
Chen, Feinian, Patrick Curran, Kenneth Bollen, James Kirby, and Pamela Paxton (2008) An Empirical Evaluation of the Use of Fixed Cutoff Points in RMSEA Test Statistic in Structural Equation Models. Sociological Methods and Research 36 (4): 462-494.
Durkheim, Emile. 1964 . The Division of Labor in Society. New York: Free Press.
Ellison, Marion (ed.). 2011. Reinventing Social Solidarity Across Europe. Bristol: Policy Press.
Habermas, Jürgen. 1992. Citizenship and National Identity: Some Reflections on the Future of Europe. Praxis International 12 (1): 1-19.
Habermas, Jürgen. 1997. The European Nation-State: on the Past and Future of Sovereignty and Citizenship. In The Inclusion of the Other: Studies in Political Theory. eds. Ciaran Cronin and Pablo De Greiff. 106-127. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Hair, Joseph F. Jr., William C. Black, Barry J. Babin and Rolph E. Anderson. 2009.Multivariate Data Analysis. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.
Hagenaars, Jacques, Loek Halman and Guy Moors. 2003. Exploring Europe’s basic values map. in The Cultural Diversity of European Unity. Findings, Explanations and Reflections from the European Values Study. eds. Wil Arts, Jacques Hagenaars, and Loek Halman, 23-58. Leiden: Brill.
Inglehart, Ronald. 1997. Modernization and Post-Modernization. Cultural, Economic and Political Change in 43 Societies. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Janmaat, Germen J. and Robert Braun. 2009. Diversity and Postmaterialism as Rival Perspectives in Accounting for Social Solidarity: Evidence from International Surveys. International Journal of Comparative Sociology 50 (1): 39-68.
Kankaraš, Miloš and Guy Moors. 2009. Measurement Equivalence in Solidarity Attitudes in Europe Insights from a Multiple-Group Latent-Class Factor Approach. International Sociology 24 (4): 557-579.
Komter, Aafke. 2005. Social solidarity and the gift. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Li-tze, Hu and Peter M. Bentler. 1999. Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal 6 (1): 1-55.
Michalski, Krzysztof (ed.). 2006. What Holds Europe Together? Budapest: CEU Press.
Muthén, Linda K. and Bengt O. Muthén. 1998-2012. Mplus User's Guide. Seventh Edition. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Muthén, Bengt O. 1998-2004. Mplus Technical Appendices. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Radtke, Katrin. 2007. Transnational Solidarity in the Face of Humanitarian Crises: Trends in Voluntary Giving in Germany. Paper presented at the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, February 28 - March 3, 2007, Chicago, USA, http://www.allacademic.com/ meta/p179186_index.html (accessed February 10, 2011).
Rokeach, Milton. 1973. The Nature of Human Values. New York: The Free Press.
Rusu, Horațiu. 2008. Identity and axiological profile: value identifications at Romanian young people. In The values of Romanians: 1993-2006. A sociological perspective, eds. Bogdan Voicu and Mălina Voicu, 231-262. Iași: Institutul European.
Stjernø, Steinar. 2004. Solidarity in Europe. The History of an Idea. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Tönnies, Ferdinand. 1957 . Community and Society. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.
Tufiș, Paula. 2008. Social-status and child rearing values. In The values of Romanians: 1993-2006. A sociological perspective. eds. Bogdan Voicu and Mălina Voicu, 193-231. Iași: Institutul European.
Yu, Ching-Yun. 2002. Evaluation of model fit indices for latent variable models with categorical and continuous outcomes. PhD diss., University of California, Los Angeles, http://www.statmodel.com/download/Yudissertation.pdf (accessed June 5, 2012)