Sluicing, Sprouting and Missing Objects

Open access

Abstract

Taking “sluicing” to be derived by movement + deletion, as represented by Merchant (2001), and “pseudo-sluicing” to be a base-generated structure [pro (+be) + wh] (going by Wei 2004; Adams 2004), this paper reviews arguments for and against the presence of a sluicing construction in Mandarin Chinese. We show that all the tests available in the literature do not argue against the presence of such a sluicing construction, except the test building on the distribution of the copula shi. Unfortunately, the shi test is demonstrated to be uncertain and it cannot be used to argue conclusively that only a base-generation pseudo-sluicing analysis should be adopted. We show that a much clear evidence for an exclusive pseudo-sluicing analysis comes from the behavior of the sprouting construction. Investigation of sprouting also sheds light on the properties of null arguments, topic-variable relation, locality, and subcategorization of verbs in the language.

Adams, Perng Wang. 2003. The structure of sluicing in Mandarin Chinese. Proceedings of Pennsylvania Linguistics Colloquium 27 [PLC 27]: 1–16.

Adams, Perng Wang, and Satoshi Tomioka. 2012. In Jason Merchant, and Andrew Simpson (eds.), Sluicing: Cross-linguistic perspectives, 219–247. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Aoun, Joseph, and Y.-H. Audrey Li. 2008. In Robert Freidin, Carlos P. Otero, and Maria Luisa Zubizarreta (eds.), Foundational issues in linguistic theory: Essays in honor of Jean-Roger Vergnaud, 251–274. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Barrie, Michael, and Y.-H. Audrey Li. 2015. The semantics of (pseudo) incorporation and case. Syntax & Semantics 40. 159–188. Brill Publishers.

Cheng, L.-S. Lisa. 2008. Deconstructing the shì … de construction. The Linguistic Review 25. 235–266.

Chung, Sandra, William A. Ladusaw, and James McCloskey. 1995. Sluicing and logical form. Natural Language Semantics 3. 239–282.

Ernst, Thomas, and Chengchi Wang. 1995. Object preposing in Mandarin Chinese. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 4. 235–260.

Fukaya, Teruhiko. 2003. Island (in)sensitivity in Japanese sluicing and stripping. Paper presented at West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics 22, University of California, San Diego, 21–23 March.

Fukaya, Teruhiko. 2007. Sluicing and stripping in Japanese and some implications. Los Angeles, CA: USC dissertation.

Huang, C.-T. James. 1982. Logical relations in Chinese and the theory of grammar. Cambridge, MA: MIT dissertation.

Huang, C.-T. James. 1984. On the typology of zero anaphora. Language Research 20. 85–106.

Huang, C.-T. James. 1987. Remarks on empty categories in Chinese. Linguistic Inquiry 18. 321–337.

Huang, C.-T. James. 1989. Pro-drop in Chinese: A generalized control theory. In Osvaldo Jaeggli, and Kenneth J. Safir (eds.), The null subject parameter, 1–44. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Keenan, Edward L., and Bernard Comrie. 1977. Noun phrase accessibility and universal grammar. Linguistic Inquiry 8. 63–99.

Li, Haoze, and Candice Chi-Hang Cheung. 2015. Focus intervention effects in Mandarin multiple wh-questions. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 24. 361–382.

Li, Y.-H. Audrey. 1985. Abstract case in Mandarin Chinese. Los Angeles, CA: USC dissertation.

Li, Y.-H. Audrey. 1990. Order and constituency in Mandarin Chinese. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Li, Y.-H. Audrey. 2005. VP-deletion and null objects. Linguistic Sciences 15. 3–19.

Li, Y.-H. Audrey. 2007. Beyond empty categories. Bulletin of the Chinese Linguistic Society of Japan 254. 74–106.

Li, Y.-H. Audrey. 2011. Looking into clauses. In Yun Xiao, Liang Tao, and Hooi Ling Soh (eds.), Current issues in Chinese linguistics. 27–58. London: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Li, Y.-H. Audrey. 2014a. Born empty. Lingua 151. 43–68

Li, Y.-H. Audrey. 2014b. Thematic hierarchy and derivational economy. Language and Linguistics 15(3). 295–339.

Li, Y.-H. Audrey and Ting-Chi Wei. 2014. Ellipsis. In C.-T. James Huang, Y.-H. Audrey Li, and Andrew Simpson (eds.), The handbook of Chinese linguistics. 275–310. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons.

Lin, T.-H. Jonah. 2001. Light verb syntax and the theory of phrase structure. Irvine, CA: UC Irvine Dissertation.

Merchant, Jason. 2001. The syntax of silence: Sluicing, islands, and identity in ellipsis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nishiyama, Kunio. 1995. Sluicing without wh-movement. Cornell Working Papers in Linguistics 13. 85–96.

Nishiyama, Kunio, John Whitman, and Eun-Young Yi. Syntactic movement of overt wh-phrases in Japanese and Korean. Japanese/Korean Linguistics 5. 337–351.

Paris, Marie-Claude. 1979. Some aspects of the syntax and semantics of the “lian … ye/dou” construction in Mandarin Chinese. Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale 5. 47–70.

Paul, Waltraud. 2002. Sentence-internal topics in Mandarin Chinese: The case of object preposing. Language and Linguistics 3(4). 695–714.

Paul, Waltraud. 2005. Adjectival modification and related issues in Mandarin Chinese. Linguistics 43(4). 757–793.

Paul, Waltraud. 2015. New perspectives on Chinese syntax. Berlin: De Gruyter.

Paul, Waltraud, and John Whitman. 2008. Shi…de focus clefts in Mandarin Chinese. The Linguistic Review 25(3/4). 413–451.

Potsdam, Eric. 2007. Malagasy sluicing and its consequences for the identity requirement on ellipsis. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 25. 577–613.

Saito, Mamoru. 2004. Ellipsis and pronominal reference in Japanese clefts. Nanzan Linguistics 1. 21–50.

Shi, Dingxu. 1994. The nature of Chinese emphatic sentence. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 3. 81–100.

Shyu, Shu-ing. 1995. The syntax of focus and topic. Los Angeles, CA: USC dissertation.

Wei, Ting-Chi. 2004. Predication and sluicing in Mandarin Chinese. Kaohsiung: National Kaohsiung Normal University Dissertation.

Wei, Ting-Chi. 2011. Island repair effects of the left branch condition in Mandarin Chinese. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 20(3). 255–289.

Wang, Chyan-an. 2002. On sluicing in Mandarin Chinese. Hsinchu: National Tsing Hua University MA thesis.

Wang, Chyan-an, and Hsiao-hung Wu. 2006. Sluicing and focus movement in wh-insitu languages. Penn Working Papers in Linguistics 12. 375–87.

Yang, Barry C.-Y. 2012. Intervention effects and wh-construals. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 21(1). 43–87.

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 2784 2784 120
PDF Downloads 235 235 32