Survey on Road-Tyre Contact Patch Pattern and Wear Related Aspects

Open access


Motor vehicle end-users approaches to tyre safety issues in automobiles translate to a number of tyre failure risk factors. This study basically assessed tread wear pattern of tyres in passenger cars used on Nigeria roads. The result obtained showed that 75.4% of the assessed tyres showed uneven wear pattern resulting from incorrect tyre-road contact effects. This observed high proportion of uneven tyre tread wear pattern implies high rate of inconsequential regard for tyre safety.

[1] S. K. Clark. Mechanics of pneumatic tyres. US Department of Transportation, NHTSA, Washington, DC, 1975.

[2] J. Jackowski, M. Wieczorek. Analysis of interaction between tire tread and road on the basis of laboratory tests. Proc Transbaltica, 2011, 286 - 291.

[3] M. R. Bharat, D. Sidharth. Tyre modelling for rolling resistance. Master’s Thesis, Department of Applied Mechanics Division of Vehicle Engineering and Autonomous System, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden, 2014.

[4] S. Jansen, A. Schmeitz, S. Maas, C. Rodarius, L. Akkermans. Study on some safety-related aspects of tyre use. Technical report. European Commission Directorate-general for Mobility and Transport, Unit C4, 4/110 B-1049 Brussels, Belgium, 2016.

[5] D. A. Adetan, G. E. Agwogie, and K. A. Oladejo. Assessment of the problems of manual automobile tyre bead breaking equipment in Nigeria.” Nigerian Journal of Technology 2013 (32), No. 3, 485 - 491.

[6] Austroads, Road safety audit. AUSTROADS Publication, Sydney, Australia, ISBN:085588455X, 1994.

[7] Q. Pierce, P. Maunder. Road and traffic authority statistical report “road traffic accidents in NSW-1997” (Motor Accidents Authorities of NSW 1998), 1998.

[8] V. Nantulya, M. Rerch, Equity dimensions of road traffic injuries in low and middle income countries. Injury Control and Safety Promotion 2003 (10), No. 1-2, 13 - 20.

[9] I. K. Yankson, E. N. L. Browne, H. Tagbor, P. Donkor, R. Quansah, G. E. Asare, C. N. Mock, B. E. Ebel. Reporting on road traffic injury: content analysis of injuries and prevention opportunities in Ghanian newspapers, 2010.

[10] W. Reithmaier, T. Salzinger. Survey on motor vehicles tyres and related aspects. The European commission enterprise directorate general unit, 2003, 1 - 173

[11] M. H. M. Saad, M. J. M. Nor, K. W. Kiat. Design and development of an economical driving simulator, Journal of Mechanical Engineering - Strojnícky časopis 2005 (56), No. 5, pp. 364 - 368.

[12] H. A. Lupker, F. Montanaro, D. Donadio, E. Gelosa, M. A. Vis. Truck tyre wear assessment and prediction. In 7th International Symposium on Heavy Vehicle Weights & Dimensions, Delft, The Netherlands, 2002.

[13] W. J. V. Steyn, M. Haw, The effect of road surfacing condition on tyre life. Proceedings of the 24th Southern African Transport Conference (SATC 2005) 11 – 13 July 2005, Pretoria, South Africa 2005, 446 - 556

[14] O. Agbonkhese, G. L. Yisa, E. G. Agbonkhese, D. O. Akanbi, E. O. Aka, E. B. Mondigha. Road traffic accidents in Nigeria: causes and preventive measures. Civil and environmental research 2013 (3), No. 13, 90 - 99.

[15] ROSPA (The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accident), Behind the wheel. The Newsletter for Drivers in Wales. Spring 2015.

[16] C. O. Osueke, D. C. Uguru-Okorie. The role of tire in car crash, its causes, and prevention. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering 2012 (12), No. 2, 54 - 57

[17] K. Clark. Mechanics of pneumatic tyres, US Department of Transportation, NHTSA, Washington, DC, 1981

[18] J. Jackowski, W. Luty, M. Wieczorek. Selected aspects of tire – road interaction during wheel cornering [CD], XIII Międzynarodowa Konferencja Zwalczania Hałasu [XIII International Conference of Overcome the Noise] „Noise control ’04”. Gdańsk, 2007, 12 p.

[19] BATO, Bridgestone Americas Tire Operations, Tire Tread Wear & Causes. LLC 2017. Available at

[20] IAAH, Institute for Accident Analysis Hamburg, Technical defects Integral Field Unit (IFU) Lexicon, 2008 (translated to English) Available at

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 203 203 8
PDF Downloads 119 119 7