Demystifying Benjamin Franklin’s Other 8-Square

Open access


In this article, we reveal how Benjamin Franklin constructed his second 8 × 8 magic square. We also construct two new 8 × 8 Franklin squares

[1] Ahmed, M. “How many squares are there, Mr. Franklin?: Constructing and Enumerating Franklin Squares”, Amer. Math. Monthly, 111, 394-410, 2004.

[2] Ahmed, M. “Unraveling the secret of Benjamin Franklin: Constructing Franklin squares of higher order”, arXiv:1509.07756 [math.HO].

[3] Andrews, W. S. Magic Squares and Cubes, 2nd. ed., Dover, New York, 1960.

[4] Pasles, P. C. “The lost squares of Dr. Franklin: Ben Franklin’s missing squares and the secret of the magic circle”, Amer. Math. Monthly, 108, 489-511, 2001.

[5] Pasles, P. C. “Franklin’s other 8-square”, J.Recreational Math., 31, 161-166, 2003.

Journal Information

Target Group

researchers in the fields of games and puzzles, problems, mathmagic, mathematics and arts, math and fun with algorithms


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 77 77 19
PDF Downloads 21 21 8