Monitoring Pheasants (Phasianidae) in the Western Himalayas to Measure the Impact of Hydro-Electric Projects

Open access

ABSTRACT

Jolli V., Pandit M.K. 2011. Monitoring pheasants (Phasianidae) in the Western Himalayas tomeasure the impact of hydro-electric projects. Ring 33, 1-2: 37-46.

In this study, we monitored pheasants abundance to measure the impact of a hydroelectric development project. The pheasants abundance was monitored using “call count” and line transect methods during breeding seasons in 2009-2011. Three call count stations and 3 transects were laid with varying levels of anthropogenic disturbance. To understand how the hydro power project could effect the pheasant population in the Jiwa Valley, we monitored it under two conditions; in the presence of hydro-electric project (HEP) construction and when human activity significantly declined. The Koklass Pheasant (Pucrasiamacrolopha), Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichi) and Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus) were not recorded in Manjhan Adit in 2009. During 2010 and 2011 springs, the construction activity was temporarily discontinued in Manjhan Adit. The pheasants responded positively to this and their abundance increased near disturbed sites (Manjhan Adit). The strong response of pheasants to anthropogenic disturbance has ecological application and thus can be used by wildlife management in the habitat quality monitoring in the Himalayan Mountains.

Ali S., Ripley S.D. 1983. Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan. vol 1-10. Oxford Univ. Press, New Delhi.

Bhattacharya T., Sathyakumar S., Rawat G. 2007. Impact of Anthropogenic Pressures on Abundanceand Distribution of Galliformes at Bedini-Ali, Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, Uttarakhand. In: Sathyakumar S., Sivakumar K. (Eds). Galliformes of India. ENVIS Bull., Wildl. Prot. Areas 10, 1: 155-162.

BirdLife International 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book.

Birdlife International, Cambridge.

BirdLife International 2011 Endemic Bird Area factsheet: Western Himalayas. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/ebafactsheet.php?id=124 Central Electricity Authority (CEA) 2011. Status of 50,000 MW Hydro Electric Initiative. http://www.cea.nic.in/reports/hydro/status_50k_he_initiative/hei.pdf CISMHE 2000. Environment Impact Assessment Studies of Parvati Stage-II Hydro-electric Project,Himachal Pradesh. CISMHE, Univ. of Delhi, New Delhi.

Duke G. 1989. Using call count surveys to obtain comparative population figures for Western Tragopanin NWFP Pakistan. In: Hill D.A., Garson P.J., Jenkins D. (Eds). Pheasants in Asia 1989. World Pheasant Assoc., Reading: pp. 116-123.

Fuller R.A., Garson P.J. (Eds). 2000. Pheasants: status survey and conservation action plan2000-2004. IUCN Publ. Serv. Unit, Cambridge.

Garson P.J. 1983. The Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii in Himachal Pradesh, western Himalayas:an update. World Pheasant Assoc. J. 8: 29-39.

Gaston. A.J. 1980. Census techniques for Himalayan Pheasants, including notes on individualspecies. World Pheasant Assoc. J. 5: 40-53.

Gaston A.J., Garson P.J., Hunter M.L. 1981. Present distribution and status of pheasants in HimachalPradesh, Western Himalayas. World Pheasant Assoc. J. 6: 10-30.

Gaston A.J., Garson P.J., Hunter M.L. 1983. The status and conservation of forest wildlife in HimachalPradesh, Western Himalayas. Biol. Conserv. 27: 291-314.

Kaul R., Shakya S. 2001. Spring call counts of some Galliformes in the Pipar Reserve, Nepal. Forktail 17: 75-80.

Kazmierczak K. 2009. Birds of India. OM publication, India.

Khaling S., Kaul R., Saha G.K. 1998. Survey of the Satyr Tragopan Tragopan satyra in the SinghalilaNational Park, Darjeeling, India using spring call counts. Bird Conserv. Int. 9: 361-371.

Khaling S., Kaul R., Saha G.K. 2002. Calling behavior and its significance in Satyr tragopan, Tragopansatyra (Galliformes: Phasianidae) in the Singhalila National Park, Darjeeling. Proc. Zool. Soc. (Calcutta, India) 55: 1-9.

McGowan P.J.K. 1990. Calling as a means to survey the Malaysian Peacock Pheasant: a preliminaryassessment. In: Hill D.A., Garson P.J., Jenkins D. (Eds). Pheasants in Asia 1989. World Pheasant Assoc., Reading: pp. 110-115.

McGowan P.J.K., Zhang Y.Y., Zhang Z.W. 2009.Galliformes - barometers of the state of appliedecology and wildlife conservation in China. J. Appl. Ecol. 46, 3: 524-526.

Miller J.R.B. 2010. Survey of Western Tragopan, Koklass Pheasant and Himalayan Monal Populationsin the Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh, India. Indian Bird 6: 60-65.

Miller J.R.B., Ramesh K., Rawat G.S. 2008. Pheasant population recovery as an indicator of biodiversityconservation in the Great Himalayan National Park, India. Wildl. Inst. of India, Dehradun.

Nawaz R., Garson P.J., Malik M. 2000. Monitoring pheasant populations in montane forests:some lessons learnt from the Pakistan Galliformes Project. Proc. 2nd Int. Galliformes Symp., World Pheasant Assoc., Reading: pp. 196-209.

Ramesh K. 2003. An ecological study on pheasants of The Great Himalayan National Park, WesternHimalaya. Wildl. Inst. of India, Dehradun.

Ryals B., Dooling R., Westbrook E., Dent M., Mackenzie A., Larsen O. 1999. Avian species differencesin susceptibility to noise exposure. Hearing Res. 131: 71-88.

Schoener T.W. 1968. Size of feeding territories among birds. Ecology 49: 123-141.

Severinghaus S.R. 1979. Observations on the ecology and behaviour of the Koklass pheasant inPakistan. World Pheasant Assoc. J. 4: 52-71.

UNESCO 2011. World Heritage Tentative Lists: Great Himalayan National Park. Submitted26/05/2009. http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/5445/ White P.S., Pickett S.T.A. 1985. Natural disturbance and patch dynamics: an introduction. In: Pickett S.T.A., White P.S. The ecology of natural disturbance and patch dynamics. Acad. Press, New York: 3-13.

The Ring

The Journal of Polish Zoological Society and Bird Migration Research Foundation

Journal Information

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 216 216 33
PDF Downloads 80 80 14