In this article, we present a rationale for investigating the role and contributions of universities to growth and sustainable development within the framework of the Europe 2020 Strategy (EU2020). To this extent, the literature suggests that the contemporary universities’ mission in the knowledge society relies on their capacity to promote knowledge exchange. This allows expansion of the degree of intervention of universities in society and broadening of the institutional and policy frameworks within which they operate, opening to a wider range of possible contributions of social science and humanities to the EU2020 objectives, which are not limited to education and research policies.
We present the Short supply chain Knowledge and Innovation Network (SKIN) project (H2020-2016)1 as an example of a systemic approach to university-business-society dialogue, based on the role of universities as “knowledge hubs” (Yusuf, 2008) and aimed at promoting knowledge exchange and multi-actor cooperation. One of the main challenges of the project relies on the capacities of the involved actors to cooperate and, thus, on the mechanisms activated in order to ensure such collaboration. To this extent, the role of humanities and social sciences, in particular multidisciplinary and participatory research, is crucial for the success of the process of knowledge circulation within and for society.
Abreu, M., Grinevich, V., Hughes, A., Kitson, M., Ternouth, P. (2008). Universities, Businesses and Knowledge Exchange. Report for Council for Industry and Higher Education, and Centre for Business Research
Adelman C. (1993). Kurt Lewin and the Origins of Action Research, Educational Action Research, 1:1, 7-24, DOI: 10.1080/0965079930010102. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0965079930010102
Beninger K., Fry A., Jago N., Lepps H., Nass L. & Silvester H. (2014). Research using Social Media; Users’ Views. NatCen Social Research: London.
Benneworth, P. & Jongbloed, B.W.A (2009) Who matters to universities? A stakeholder perspective on humanities, arts and social sciences valorization, Higher Education DOI 10.1007/s10734-009-9265-2.
Benneworth P. (2011). Towards A Strategic Management Agenda For University Knowledge Exchange. Retrieved from: http://www.eurashe.eu/
Buckingham Shum, S. & Ferguson, R. (2012). Social Learning Analytics. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 15 (3), 3-26.
Cantner, U., Meder, A. & Wolf, T. (2011). Success and failure of firm's innovation co-operations: The role of intermediaries and reciprocities. Regional Science, 90, 2, 313-329.
Colvin J., Blackmore C., Chimbuya S., Collins K., Dent M., Goss J., Ison R., Roggero P. & Seddaiu G. (2014). In search of systemic innovation for sustainable development: A design praxis emerging from a decade of social learning inquiry. Research Policy 43 (2014) 760-771
Contò, F., Faccilongo, N., La Sala, P., Dicecca, R. 2013. Cloud approach for short chain administration. PROCEDIA TECHNOLOGY. Vol. 8 pp. 600-605. Elsevier, Oxford, UK. ISSN: 2212-0173, DOI:10.1016/j.protcy.2013.11.085
Cruickshank, L., Whitham, R., Morris, L. (2012) Innovation through the design of knowledge exchange and the design of knowledge exchange design. 2012 International Design Management Research Conference 453-460
Edquist, C. (2006), "Systems of innovation perspectives and challenges", In Fagerberg, J., Mowery, D.C. & Nelson, R.R. eds. The oxford handbook of innovation. New-York: Oxford University Press Inc.
European Commission, EC (2008). Needs and Constraints Analysis of the Three Dimensions of Third Mission Activities. Retrieved from: http://e3mproject.eu/
European Commission, EC (2010) Europe 2020: A European strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, Brussels: CEC, COM (2010) 2020. Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/eu2020/pdf
European Commission, EC (2011), Communication From The Commission To The European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic And Social Committee And The Committee Of The Regions. Horizon 2020 - The Framework Programme for Research and Innovation. COM(2011) 808 final.
European Commission, EC (2015). Calls for proposals and related activities under the 2016-17 work programmes under Horizon 2020 - the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-20) and under the Research and Training Programme of the European Atomic Energy Community (2014-18) complementing Horizon 2020. Official Journal of the European Union (2015/C 399/02)
Gros, D. and F. Roth (2008), The post-2010 Lisbon Process: The key role of education in employment and competitiveness, CEPS Working Document No. 308, Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels.
Herzon, I, Macken-Walsh, A., McCann, K., Pietx, J. (2015) Empowering Farmers operating on High Nature Value Farmland: a solutions-oriented discussion paper, European Innovation Partnership (EIP) Focus Group on High Nature Value (HNV) Farming, September 2015
Hogan, M.J. & Broome, B. (2013). Wellbeing in Ireland - Designing Measures and Implementing Policies, Collective Intelligence Conference Report, NUI, Galway.
Jacobs N. (2013). Measuring Knowledge Exchange. Paper presented at The Knowledge Exchange, An Interactive Conference, 26th and 27th September 2013, Lancaster University.
Jongbloed, B., Enders, J. & Salerno, C. (2008). Higher education and its communities: interconnections, interdependencies and a research agenda, Higher Education, 56, 303-324
Karner S., Rohracher H., Bock B., Hoekstra F. & Moschitz H. (2011) Knowledge brokerage in communites of practice: synthesis report on literature review. Retrieved from: http://www.foodlinkscommunity.net/
Kitson M., Howells J., Braham J., & Westlake S. (2009). The Connected University Driving Recovery and Growth in the UK Economy. Retrieved from: www.nesta.org.uk
Kline, S. J. & Rosenberg, N. (1986) An overview of innovation, in R. Landau and N. Rosenberg, The positive sum strategy, Washington DC: National Academy Press.
Lasagni, A. (2012), "How can external relationships enhance innovation in SMEs? New evidence for Europe", Journal of Small Business Management, 50, 2, 310-339.
Lockett, N., Kerr, R., Robinson, S. (2008) Multiple Perspectives on the Challenges for Knowledge Transfer between Higher Education Institutions and Industry. International Small Business Journal, 26:6 661-681
Maniscalco, R.S. (2010). The Impact of the European Policies on the New Skills for the New Jobs. Review of European Studies. 2(2): 54-66.
Mitton, C., Adair, C. E., McKenzie, E., Patten, S. B., & Perry, B. W. (2007). Knowledge transfer and exchange: review and synthesis of the literature. Milbank Quarterly, 85(4), 729-768.
Moschitz H. (2013). From Project Management to Process Management: Effectively Organising Transdisciplinary Projects. GAIA 22/3 (2013): 211- 213. ISSN 0940-5550.
Paavola, S., Lipponen. L. & Hakkarainen, K. (2004) Models of Innovative Knowledge Communities and Three Metaphors of Learning, Review of Education Research 74 (4), pp. 557-576.
Pittaway, L., Robertson, M., Munir, K., Denyer, D. & Neely, A. (2004). Networking and innovation: A systematic review of the evidence. International Journal of Management Reviews, 5, 3-4, 137-168.
Tödtling, F. & Trippl, M. (2005), "One size fits all? Towards a differentiated regional innovation policy approach", Research Policy, 34, 1203-1219.
Trinchero R. (2009). I metodi della ricerca educativa. Bari: Laterza.
Vorley, T. & Nelles, J. (2008). (Re)Conceptualising the Academy: Institutional Development of and beyond the Third Mission, Higher Education Management and Policy, 20 (3), 119-135.
Yusuf, S. (2008) Intermediating knowledge exchange between universities and businesses. Research Policy 37 1167-1174.