Physical activity of cancer survivors who participated in 2014 Warsaw International Onco-Olympics

Open access

Abstract

Introduction: This study sought to identify and analyse the ranges, determinants and differences in physical activity levels of athletes with cancer. Materials and methods: The analysis included questionnaire responses provided by 169 out of 210 participants of the Onco-Olympics (80 out of 92 girls and 89 out of 118 boys). The mean age was 13.05 years for girls and 13.08 years for boys. The study group consisted of the following participants: 62 girls and 69 boys from Poland, 6 girls and 4 boys from Lithuania, 4 girls and 8 boys from Romania and 8 girls and 8 boys from Ukraine. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used in the study. Results: Girls demonstrated lower levels of vigorous (3.56 days per week, 88 minutes per day) and moderate (3.61 days per week, 96.5 minutes per day) physical activity than boys (3.91 days per week, 99.35 minutes per day, and 4.20 days per week, 103.7 minutes per day, respectively). Walking time per week was 16.18 hours for girls and 15.91 hours for boys, while sitting time per week was 5.17 hours for girls and 5.57 hours for boys. Athletes with neuroblastoma and bone cancer displayed the highest levels of vigorous and moderate physical activity, while its lower levels were found in athletes with leukemia, lymphoma and solid tumors. Physical activity levels differed depending on the type of cancer. Conclusions: Physical activity of Polish athletes with cancer does not depend on their sex, age in the examined range, body mass, body height or the BMI but it depends on the type of cancer. Drawing on the example of the group of athletes under investigation, it is reasonable to assume that recommended physical activity levels (expressed in MET - minutes per week) ought to be different for persons with different types of oncological diseases.

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7. Speck R M, Courneya K S, Mâsse L C, Duval S, Schmitz KH. An update of controlled physical activity trials in cancer survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Cancer Surviv, 2010; 4:87-100.

8. Biernat E, Stupnicki R, Gajewski A K. Międzynarodowy Kwestionariusz Aktywności Fizycznej (IPAQ) - wersja polska. Wychowanie Fizyczne i Sport. 2007; 51(1):47-54.

9. Craig CL, Marshall AJ, Sjöström M, Bauman AE, Booth ML, Ainsworth BE, at al. International Physical Activity Questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003; 35(8):1381-1395.

10. Booth M L. Assessment of physical activity: an international perspective. Res.Q.Exerc.Sport. 2000; 71:114-120.

11. Biernat E. Międzynarodowy Kwestionariusz Aktywności Fizycznej - Polska długa wersja. Medycyna Sportowa. 2013; 1(4), Vol. 29:1-15.

12. Piątkowska M. Wiek jako czynnik różnicujący poziom aktywności fizycznej polskiej populacji. Antropomotoryka. 2012; 59:17-29.

13. Jones LW, Peppercorn J. Exercise research: early promise warrants further investment. Lancet Oncol. 2010; 11:408-410.

14. Didkowska J, Wojciechowska U. Zachorowania i zgony na nowotwory złośliwe w Polsce [Internet]. Warszawa: Krajowy Rejestr Nowotworów, Centrum Onkologii - Instytut im. Marii Skłodowskiej - Curie; c 2013 [updated 2013 Jul 31; cited 2015 Jul 10]. Available from: http://onkologia.org.pl/nowotwory-zlosliwe-ogolem-2/

15. Kruk J, Hassan Y, Aboul-Enein H Y. The role of physical activity in the prevention of cancer. Cancer Therapy. 2007; 5:169-180.

16. Winnick JP. Adapted Physical Education and Sport. 4 ed. Champaign: Human Kinetics; 2005.

17. McTiernan A. Intervention studies in exercise and cancer prevention. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003; 35:1841-1845.

18. Lee IM. Physical activity and cancer prevention: data from epidemiologic studies. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003; 35(11):1823-7.

19. Schmitz KH, Courneya KS, Matthews C, Demark-Wahnefried W, Galvão DA, Pinto BM, at al. American College of Sports Medicine roundtable on exercise guidelines for cancer survivors. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2010; 42:1409-1426.

20. Speck R M, Courneya K S, Mâsse L C, Duval S, Schmitz KH. An update of controlled physical activity trials in cancer survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Cancer Surviv, 2010; 4:87-100.

21. Biernat E, Stupnicki R, Gajewski A K. Międzynarodowy Kwestionariusz Aktywności Fizycznej (IPAQ) - wersja polska. Wychowanie Fizyczne i Sport. 2007; 51(1):47-54.

22. Craig CL, Marshall AJ, Sjöström M, Bauman AE, Booth ML, Ainsworth BE, at al. International Physical Activity Questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003; 35(8):1381-1395.

23. Booth M L. Assessment of physical activity: an international perspective. Res.Q.Exerc.Sport. 2000; 71:114-120.

24. Biernat E. Międzynarodowy Kwestionariusz Aktywności Fizycznej - Polska długa wersja. Medycyna Sportowa. 2013; 1(4), Vol. 29:1-15.

25. Piątkowska M. Wiek jako czynnik różnicujący poziom aktywności fizycznej polskiej populacji. Antropomotoryka. 2012; 59:17-29.

26. Jones LW, Peppercorn J. Exercise research: early promise warrants further investment. Lancet Oncol. 2010; 11:408-410.

Advances in Rehabilitation

The Journal of Academy of Physical Education, Warsaw

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CiteScore 2016: 0.04

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.104
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.014

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