The European Green Belt: Generating Environmental Governance - Reshaping Border Areas

Open access

The European Green Belt: Generating Environmental Governance - Reshaping Border Areas

The article focuses on the European Green Belt (EGB), which refers to efforts to create a network of conservation areas along the borderline that used to divide Europe into the socialist and capitalist blocks. The EGB initiative attempts to link ecologically valuable areas as continuous ecological networks that cross the entire continent. The EGB is divided into three sub-regions: the Fennoscandian and Baltic Green Belt in the North and along the coastline of the Baltic Sea, the Central European Green Belt, and the South-Eastern European Green Belt. The EGB network is studied as a form of environmental governance, and its formation and furtherance are linked with the environmental governance discussion. In addition, the article aims to show that EGB governance is changing the meaning of the former Iron Curtain borders. The borders have been transnationalised since they have become parts of international networks seeking to develop borderless ecological zones. However, the EGB process maintains and reproduces the borders, as the process itself depends on the availability of suitable border areas.

Agrawal A., Chatre A. & Hardin R., 2008. Changing governance of the world's forests. Science, 320 (5882): 1460-1462.

Albrecht M., 2010. Transboundary governance of the Curonian Spit World Heritage Site. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 53 (6): 725-742.

Amati M., (ed.), 2008. Urban Green Belts in the twenty first century. Ashgate, Aldershot.

Bodin Ö. & Crona B. I., 2009. The role of social networks in natural resource governance: What relational patterns make a difference? Global Environmental Change, 19(3): 366-374.

Bulkeley H., 2005. Reconfiguring environmental governance. Towards a politics of scales and networks. Political Geography, 24: 875-902.

Chemero A., 2003. An outline of a theory of affordances. Ecological Psychology, 15: 181-195.

Chuenpagde R., Kooiman J. & Pullin R. S. V., 2008. Assessing governability in capture fisheries, aquaculture and coastal zones. The Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies, 7(1): 1-20.

Cashore B., AuldG. & Newsom D., 2004. Governing through markets: Forest certification and the emergence of non-state authority. Yale University Press, New Haven and London.

Damberga A. & Ratkevica A., 2009. Military heritage as a chance for sustainable tourism in Latvia. European Green Belt Newsletter, 1/2009.

Geidezis L. & Kreutz M., 2006. The Central European Green Belt. In: Ullrich K. & Riecken U. (eds), The Green Belt of Europe - From vision to reality. IUCN, Gland.

Harré R., 2002. Material objects in social worlds. Theory, Culture and Society, 19: 23-33.

Hokkanen T. J., Heikkilä R., Makkonen T., Kashevarov B., Nykänen R. & Ieshko E., 2007. The emergence of new approaches in East-West relations: combining nature protection and local development along the Green Belt of Fennoscandia. In: Lähteenmäki M. (ed.), The flexible frontier - Change and continuity in Finnish-Russian relations. Aleksanteri Institute, Helsinki.

Ingegnioli V., 2002. Landscape Ecology: A widening foundation. Springer, Berlin.

Jentoft S., 2007. Limits of governability: Institutional implications for fisheries and coastal governance. Marine Policy, 31: 360-370.

Jessop B., 1998. The rise of governance and the risks of failure: The case of economic development. International Social Science Journal, 50 (1): 29-45.

Jongman R. H. G., 1995. Nature conservation planning in Europe: developing ecological networks. Landscape and Urban Planning, 32 (3): 169-183.

Karivalo L. & Butorin A., 2006. The Fennoscandain Green Belt. In: Terry A., Ullrich K. & Riecken U. (eds), The Green Belt of Europe - From vision to reality. IUCN, Gland.

Van Kersbergen K. & Van Waarden F., 2004. "Governance" as a bridge between disciplines: Cross-disciplinary inspiration regarding shifts in governance and problems of governmentality, accountability and legitimacy. European Journal of Political Research, 43: 143-171.

Kooiman J., 2003. Governing as Governance. Sage, London.

Kortelainen J., 2008. Performing the green market - creating space: emergence of the green consumer in the Russian woodlands. Environment and Planning A, 40 (6): 1294-1311.

Kortelainen J., 2010. The European Green Belt as a form of environmental governance. KRIHS Special Report, 15: 63-81.

Kortelainen J. & Kotilainen J. (eds), 2006. Contested environments and investments in Russian Woodland Communities. Kikimora Publications, Helsinki.

Kortelainen J., Kotilainen J. & Tysiachniouk M., 2010. Generating environmental governance through transnational networks (Forthcoming article).

Körner E. & Barkowski J., 2009. Stimulating sustainable coastal politics in Germany. European Green Belt Newsletter, 1/2009.

Lehtinen A. A., 2006. Postcolonialism, multitude, and the politics of nature. On the changing geographies of the European North. University Press of America, Lanham.

Leibenath M., Blum A. & Stutzriemer S., 2010. Transboundary cooperation in establishing ecological networks: The case of Germany's external borders. Landscape and Urban Planning, 94 (2): 84-93.

Lemos C. M. & Agrawal A., 2006. Environmental Governance. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 31: 297-325.

McCarthy J., 2005. Scale, sovereignty, and strategy in environmental governance. Antipode, 37 (4): 731-753.

Morkveinaite J. & Blazauskas N., 2009. Sustainable coastal protection along the lithuanian coast. European Green Belt Newsletter, 1/2009.

Paasi A., 2001. Europe as a social process and discourse considerations of place, boundaries and identity. European Urban and Regional Studies, 8 (1): 7-28.

Pierre J., 2000. Debating governance: authority, steering, and democracy. Oxford University Press, New York.

Programme of Work of the European Green Belt, 2005. IUCN Europe, Brussels.

Rhodes R. A. W., 1996. The new governance: governing without government. Political Studies, 44 (4): 652-667.

Riecken U., Ullrich K. & Lang A., 2006. A vision for the Green Belt in Europe. In: Ullrich K. & Riecken U. (eds), The Green Belt of Europe - From vision to reality. IUCN, Gland.

Schlumprecht H., 2006. Mapping the European Green Belt. In: Terry A., Ullrich K. & Riecken U. (eds), The Green Belt of Europe - From vision to reality. IUCN, Gland.

Schneider-Jacoby M., Schwaderer G. & Fremuth W., 2006. The South-Eastern European Green Belt. In: Ullrich K. & Riecken U. (eds), The Green Belt of Europe - From vision to reality. IUCN, Gland.

Sepp K., 2009. Assessing & promoting the Green Belt Estonia. European Green Belt Newsletter, 1/2009.

Skorupski J., 2009. Promoting ecological agriculture in Poland. European Green Belt Newsletter, 1/2009.

Sørensen E. & Torfing J., 2005. Network governance and post-liberal democracy. Theory & Praxis, 27 (2): 197-237.

Thomas D., 1963. London's green belt: the evolution of an idea. The Geographical Journal, 129 (1): 14-24.

Tysiachniouk M., 2009. Conflict as a form of governance: The market campaign to save the Karelian forests. In: Nysten-Haarala S. (ed.): The changing governance of renewable natural resources. Ashgate, Farnham.

Whitehead M., 2003. "In the shadow of hierarchy": meta-governance, policy reform and urban regeneration in the West Midlands. Area, 35 (1): 6-14.

Quaestiones Geographicae

The Journal of Adam Mickiewicz University

Journal Information

CiteScore 2017: 0.54

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.185
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.545


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 188 188 38
PDF Downloads 79 79 18