The aim of our study is to give an overview about language and musical skills of students in musical traning courses and we try to outline the effects of the sociocultural background in these fields. We would like to show the main patterns of language proficiency (the number of langugages they speak and levels of the language skills) and we also analyse the efficiency of language learning. The institutional language courses and the practices of interpretation in the original language will be analysed as well. Our questionnare was used in this analysis in the spring of 2017. Students from six higher educational institutions were the respondents. The number of the respondents was 90 and from the answers a database was created with the help of SPSS 19 Programme. Percents, means and chi-square statistics were used. We have verified our hypothesis which refers to the effects of students’ sociocultural background because these variables (parental education, economic capital, type of the settlement) have formed the chances and forms of the music learning (e.g. the starting date of learning music) and language skills. If we analyse the patterns of the language proficiency the central position of the English is obvious, but this pattern is not in line with the expectations of singing in the original language because the main body of vocal literature is composed in Italian, French, Russian and German. In our opinion this gap should be covered by the institutions as well and these requirements should be incorporated in the curricula.
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