Sharka-Resistant Plum Hybrids and Cultivars from the Plum Breeding Programme at Hohenheim

Open access


Sharka (PPV) is one of the most dangerous viruses in fruit growing. More and more fruit growers are unsatisfied with the resistances or tolerance of plum varieties cultivated today. With the utilisation of the hypersensitive reaction to PPV in breeding we developed ‘Jojo’ as the first absolutely resistant cultivar in the field. Most interesting now is the development of new sharka-resistant cultivars, especially in three points: extension of ripening range, better fruit size, and high fruit quality. In a new breeding programme, we obtained many hypersensitive clones. After testing in different regions, some interesting resistant clones and cultivars were selected and are presented here.

Cambra, M., Capote, N., Myrta, A., Llacer, G. (2006). Plum pox virus and the estimated costs associated with sharka disease. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 36 (2), 202–204.

Hamdorf, G., Hein, K. (1989). Untersuchungen über die Anfälligkeit von Pflaumen- und Zwetschensorten gegenüber dem Scharka-Virus (Plum pox virus). Landespflanzenschutzamt Mainz (Rheinland-Pfalz), Mainz. 166 pp. (in German).

Hartmann, W. (1998a). Hypersensitivity — a possibility for breeding sharka resistant plum hybrids. Acta Hort., 478, 429–431.

Hartmann, W. (1998b). New plum varieties from Hohenheim. Acta Hort., 478, 171–174.

Hartmann, W., Petruschke, M. (2000). Sharka resistant plums and prunes by utilization of hypersensitivity. Acta Hort., 538, 391–395.

Hartmann, W., Neumüller, M. (2010). Control of sharka by breeding. Acta Hort., 874, 229 –237.

Hartmann, W., Neumüller, M. (2013). The next generation of European plum cultivars resistant to Plum pox virus. Acta Hort., 985, 149–154.

Kegler, H., Hartmann, W. (1998). Present status of controlling conventional stains of plum pox virus. In: Hadidi, A., Khetarpal, R. K., Koganezawa H. (eds.). Plant Virus Disease Control. APS Press, St. Paul, MN, pp. 629–638.

Kegler, H., Fuchs, E., Grüntzig, M., Verderevskaja, T. D. (1986). Different types of resistance to plum pox virus. Acta Hort., 193, 201–206.

Kegler, H., Grüntzig, M., Fuchs E. (1994). A glasshouse test for detection resistance of plum genotypes to plum pox virus. Acta Hort., 538, 391–396.

Lichtenegger, L. (2012). Studien zur Züchtung von scharkaresistenten Klonen der Europäischen Pflaume Prunus domestica (L.) und zu deren Umweltstabilität. Ph.D. Thesis, Technischen Universität München, Wissenschaftszentrum Weihenstephan, Fakultät für Ernährung, Land-nutzung und Umwelt. 127 pp. (in German).

Malinowski, T., Rozpara, E., Grzyb, Z. S. (2013). Evaluation of the susceptibility of several plum (Prunus domestica L.) cultivars to Plum Pox Virus (PPV) infection in the field. Sharka-like symptoms on ‘Jojo’ fruit are not related to PPV. J. Hort. Res., 21 (1), 61–65.

Marn, M. V., Plesko, I. M., Altenbach, D., Bitterlin, W. (2014). Sensitivity of field tests, serological and molecular techniques for Plum Pox Virus detection in various tissues. Acta Agricult. Slowenia, 103 (1), 129–136.

Neumüller, M. (2005). Die Hypersensibilität der Europäischen Pflaume (Prunus domestica L.) gegenüber dem Scharkavirus (plum pox virus). Ph.D. Thesis, Hohenheim, Universität Hohenheim. 163 pp. (in German).

Neumüller, M., Hartmann, W. (2008). The phenotypical quantitative nature of hypersensitivity of European plum (Prunus domestica L.) against the Plum pox and its description using the hypersensitivity index. J. Hort. Sci., 35, 50–64.

Nemeth, M. (1994). History and importance of plum pox in stone fruit production. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 24 (3), 525–536

Nemchinov, L., Creszenzi, A., Hadidi, A., Piazzolla, P., Verderevskaya, T. (1998). Present status of new cherry subgroup of plum pox virus (PPV-C). In: Hadidi, A., Khetarpal, R. K., Koganezawa, H. (eds). Plant Virus Disease Control, APS Press St. Paul, MN, pp. 629–638.

Scorza, R., Ravelonandro, M., Callahan, A. M., Cordts, J. M., Fuchs, M., Dunez, J., Gonsalves, D. (1994). Transgenic plums (Prunus domestica L.) express the plum pox virus coat protein gene. Plant Cell Rep., 14 (1), 18–22.

Scorza, R., Georgi, L., Callahan, A., Petri, C., Hily, J., Dardick, C., Damsteegt, V., Ravelonandro, M. (2010). Hairpin Plum pox virus coat protein (hpPPV-CP) structure in ‘HoneySweet’ C5 plum provides PPV resistance when genetically engineered into plum (Prunus domestica) seedlings. In: Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Virus and other Graft Transmissible Diseases of Fruit Crops, Neustadt, DEU, 510 July 2009. Julius Kühn-Institut. Sanitz, DEU, pp. 141–148.

Malinowski, T., Rozpara E., Grzyb Z. S. (2013). Evaluation of the susceptibility of several plum (Prunus domestica L.) cultivars to Plum Pox Virus (PPV) infection in the field. Sharka-like symptoms on ‘Jojo’ fruit are not related to PPV. J. Hort. Research, 21 (1), 61–65.

Zurawicz, E., Pruski K., Szymajda, M., Lewandowski, M., Seliga, L., Malinowski, T. (2013). Prunus domestica ‘Jojo’ – Good Parent for Breeding of New Plum Cultivars Resistant to Plum pox Virus. J. Agri. Sci., 5 (9), 1–5.

Journal Information

CiteScore 2018: 0.3

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.137
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.192


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 50 50 28
PDF Downloads 34 34 19