Plum Cultivars in Sweden: History and Conservation for Future Use

Open access

Abstract

This article reviews the history of plum cultivation and cultivars in Sweden with the aim to describe important heirloom cultivars and to explain how they are conserved in the Swedish National Gene Bank. Commercial plum production in Sweden started around 1890 and was initially in part based on small-fruited local cultivars grown on their own roots. Along with the development of a modern Swedish nursery industry and experimental research the use of grafted trees grew in importance. In the mid-1950s, the yearly plum production in Sweden was estimated to be approximately 2000 tonnes. Since the mid-1980s, production has declined and it is now only about 250 tonnes per year. The work to safeguard heirloom cultivars began with a national inventory in 2005 and since 2012, so-called mandate cultivars have been planted in the Swedish National Gene Bank at Alnarp. Today 45 plum cultivars are preserved with two trees in the gene bank at Alnarp and two trees in local clonal archives.

Anderberg, A., Anderberg, A.-L. (2017). Den virtuella floran [The virtual flora]. Available from: http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/di/rosa/prunu/prundom/htlm (accessed 29.09.2018) (in Swedish).

Anonymous (2018). Jordbruksstatistik sammanställning 2018 [Agricultural Statistics 2018]. Official Statistics of Sweden. Statistics Sweden. Available from: www.scb.se/publikation/35150 (accessed 29.09.2018) (in Swedish).

Dahl, C. G. (1931). Efter vem har Hackmanplommonet fått sitt namn? [After whom was the Hackman plum named?]. Svensk Pomologisk Förenings Årsskrift, 32, 115 (in Swedish).

Dahl, C. G. (1943). Pomologi, beskrivningar över de viktigaste i Sverige odlade fruktsorterna. Del 2. Päron och plommon [Pomology, descriptions over the most important fruits cultivated in Sweden. Part 2. Pears and plums]. Bonnier, Stockholm. 390 pp. (in Swedish).

Eneroth, O. (1866). Handbok i svensk pomologi [Handbook in Swedish Pomology]. Norstedt, Stockholm. 403 pp. (in Swedish).

Eneroth, O., Smirnoff A. (1901). Handbok i svensk pomologi [Handbook in Swedish Pomology]. Norstedt, Stockholm. 336 pp. (in Swedish).

Fries, R. E. (1925). P. J. Bergius och hans betydelse för den svenska hortikulturen [P. J. Bergius and his importance for Swedish horticulture]. Svensk Pomologisk Årsskrift, 26, 141–162 (in Swedish).

Goldschmidt, E. (1978). Plommonsorten Emil [Plum cultivar Emil]. SYR-inf, No. 1, 9–10 (in Swedish).

Hintze, S. (1955). Sort- och grundstamsförsök med plommon vid Rånna 1939–1954 [Cultivar and rootstock trial with plums at Rånna 1939–1954]. Medd. fr Statens trädgårdsförsök, Nr. 92, 7 (in Swedish).

Hjalmarsson, I. (2003). Conservation of Swedish fruit, berry and nut varieties. Nordiske genresursser, 2 (1), 12.

Hjalmarsson, I. (ed.) (2007). Här bevaras våra svenska fruktsorter [Where Swedish fruit cultivars are preserved]. CBMs skriftserie 16. CBM Swedish Biodiversity Centre. 43 pp. (in Swedish).

Hjalmarsson, I. (2014). Plommon Prunus domestica ‘Elam’ [Plum Prunus domestica ‘Elam’]. Tidning för Hushållningssällskapen i Jönköping, Västra Götaland och Värmland, Nr. 4, 33 (in Swedish).

Hjalmarsson, I., Trajkovski, V., Wallace, B. (2008). Adaption of foreign plum and cherry varieties in Sweden. In: Proceedings of International Scientific Conference. Sustainable Fruit Growing: From Plant to Product. JūrmalaDobele, May 2831, 2008. Latvia State Institute of Fruit-Growing, pp. 141–148.

Hjelmqvist, H. (1991). Några Trädgårdsväxter från Lunds medeltid [Some horticultural plants from medieval Lund]. Svensk Bot. Tidskr., 85 (4), 225–248 (in Swedish).

Johansson, E. (1948). Opal — en ny svensk plommonsort [Opal — a new Swedish plum cultivar]. Statens trädgårdsförsöks särtr., Nr 14, 6 (in Swedish).

Johansson, E. (1951). Plommon [Plums]. In: Åkesson, Å., Nilsson, F., Sylvén, N., Fröier, K. (eds.). Svensk växtförädling del II. Natur och Kultur, Stockholm, pp. 74–85 (in Swedish).

Johansson, E. (1958). Sort- och grundstamsförsök med plommon vid Alnarp 1943–1956 [Cultivar and rootstock trials with plums at Alnarp 1943–1946]. Medd. fr Statens trädgårdsförsök, Nr. 108, 20 (in Swedish).

Jonsson, M. (1987). Numer-bock uppå träna. Sortiment i en fruktträdgård 1728 [Number book of the trees. Assortment in a fruit garden 1728]. Lustgården, 68 (1), 5–26 (in Swedish).

Lundin, Y. (1944). Landets bestånd av fruktträd och bärbuskar [The number of fruit trees and berry bushes in the country]. Svensk Pomologisk Förenings Årsskrift, 45, 119–122 (in Swedish).

Nilsson, A, (1989). Våra päron-, plommon- och körsbärssorter, deras historia, egenskaper och kännetecken [Our Pear, Plum and Cherry Cultivars, Their History, Traits and Identifiers]. Karlebo, Stockholm. 370 pp. (in Swedish).

Nilsson, F. (1958). Odling av frukt och bär [Cultivation of Fruit and Berry]. Saxon & Lindström, Stockholm. 296 pp. (in Swedish).

Nybom N., Oldén E. J. (1963). Växtförädlingarbetena vid Balsgård, förutsättningar och resultat [Plant breeding work at Balsgård, background and results]. In: Fernqvistm I., Lammm R. (eds.). Satens trädgårdsförsök 25 år. Kristianstad, pp. 74–81 (in Swedish).

Nybom, H., Sehic, J., Gasi, F. (2015). ‘Svenska’ plommon på Balsgård [‘Swedish’ plums at Balsgård]. Swedish Univ. Agr. Sci. LTV-fakultetens faktablad (Alnarp), 2015, No. 5. Available from: https://pub.epsilon.slu.se/11837 (accessed 29.09.2018) (in Swedish).

Oldén, E. J. (1956). Vinterhärdighet hos plommon [Winter hardiness in plums]. Svensk Pomologisk Förenings Årsskrift, 57, 89–112 (in Swedish).

Oldén, E. J. (1974). Herman — en ny plommonsort från Balsgård [Herman — a new plum cultivar from Balsgård]. Särtryck ur SYR-Inf., (1). 3 pp. (in Swedish).

Pihl, A., Eriksson J. (1912). Svenska fruktsorter [Swedish Fruit Cultivars]. Norstedt, Stockholm. 404 pp. (in Swedish).

Post, A. von. (1927). Litet om rotäkta plommon [Something on plums on their own roots]. Svensk Pomologisk Förenings Årsskrift, 28, 25–30 (in Swedish).

Reimer, C. (1933). Något om plommonodling [Some words about plum cultivation]. Svensk Pomologisk Förenings Årsskrift, 34, 249–259 (in Swedish).

Reimer, C. (1935). Plantskoleskötselns omfattning i Sverige år 1932 [The extent of the nursery industry in Sweden 1932]. In: Sonesson, N. (Ed.). Trädgårdsodlingen i Sverige. Saxon & Lindström, Stockholm, pp. 141–164 (in Swedish).

Sonesson, N. (1935). Försök till beräkning av trädgårdsodlingens produktionsvolym i Sverige [An attempt to estimate the production volume of Swedish horticulture]. In: Sonesson, N. (Ed.). Trädgårdsodlingen i Sverige. Saxon & Lindström, Stockholm, pp. 189–203 (in Swedish).

Tahir, I. (2014). Fruktodling och efterskördbehandling [Fruit production and post harvest]. Vision Syd, Växjö. 291 pp. (in Swedish).

Tahir, I. (2015). Modern plommonodling i Sverige [Modern plum cultivation in Sweden]. Swedish Univ. Agr. Sci. LTV-fakultetens faktablad (Alnarp). 2015, 36. Available from: https://pub.epsilon.slu.se/12914 (accessed 29.09.2018) (in Swedish).

Trajkovski, V. (1984). Växtförädling av stenfrukter [Stone fruit breeding]. Report 19821983, Swed. Univ. Agr. Sci., Div. Fruit Breed., Balsgård, 21–26 (in Swedish).

Trajkovski, V., Andersson, G. (1988). Växtförädling av stenfrukter [Stone fruit breeding]. Report 19861987, Swed. Univ. Agr. Sci., Div. Fruit Breed., Balsgård, 16–23 (in Swedish).

Trajkovski, V., Andersson, G. (1990). Stone fruit breeding. Summary. Report 19881989, Swedish Univ. Agr. Sci., Balsgård, Dep. Hort. Plant Breed, 25–26.

Trajkovski, V., Andersson, G. (1992). Stone fruit breeding. Summary. Report 19901991, Swedish Univ. Agr. Sci., Balsgård, Dep. Hort. Plant Breed, 30–31.

Westwood, M. N. (1993). Temperate Zone Pomology. Timber Press. Portland, Oregon. 523 pp.

Wohlström, C. (1974). Sort- och grundstamsförsök med plommon 195072 [Cultivar and Rootstock Trial With Plums 1950–72]. Agr. College of Sweden. Serie A. 218. Uppsala. 23 pp. (in Swedish).

Journal Information

CiteScore 2018: 0.3

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.137
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.192

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 74 74 28
PDF Downloads 55 55 20