Arable soils are one of the most valuable natural resources and their long-term sustainable management is a determining factor in the integrated production of strawberries. It is well known that the current large-fruited garden strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duchesne ex Rozier) cultivars are more susceptible to many species of plant-parasitic nematodes and other plant pathogens. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of some cultural practices as potential methods for control of nematodes in the integrated production of strawberries. The investigation of the nematode populations was carried out in the region of western Balkan Mountains in Bulgaria (43°33'22.3"N 22°47'03.4"E), with cultivar ‘Maya’. In the surveyed area, plant protection products were applied under an approved scheme complying with the requirements for integrated fruit production (IOBC, IFP). Nematode populations were identified and classified to trophic level. The following genera of plant-parasitic nematodes were identified: Pratylenchus crenatus, P. neglectus, P. thornei, Tylenchorhynchus sp., and Paratylenchus spp. The density and species composition of plant parasitic nematodes were significantly reduced at the end of the study period comparing to the beginning of the study. From the results, it is clear that the integrated production can be defined as an economically feasible production of high quality fruits, giving priority to environmentally safe methods of pest control.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Akhtar, M., Malik, A. (2000). Roles of organic soil amendments and soil organisms in the biological control of plant-parasitic nematodes: A review. Bioresource Technol., 74 (1), 35-47.
Castillo, P., Vovlas, N. (2007). Pratylenchus (Nematoda: Pratylenchidae): Diagnosis, Biology, Pathogenicity and Management. Brill Leiden-Boston, The Netherlands-USA. 529 pp.
d'Errico, G., d'Errico, F. P., Greco, N. (2010). Efficacy of the available fumigants for the control of the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, in tomato in plastic-house. In: Proceedings of the III International Symposium on Tomato Diseases, Ischia, Italy, 25 July 2010, pp. 237-241.
Engelmann, H. D. (1978). Zur Dominanzklassifizierung von Bodenarthropoden. Pedobiologia, 18 (5/6), 378-380 (in German).
Hallmann, J., Frankenberg, A., Paffrath, A., Schmidt, H. (2007). Occurrence and importance of plant-parasitic nematodes in organic farming in Germany. Nematology, 9 (6), 869-879.
Hooper, D. J., Evans, K., Trudgill, D. L., Webster, J. M. (1993). Extraction, identification and control of plant parasitic nematodes. In: Evans, K., Trudgill, D. L., Webster, J. M. (eds.). Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Temperate Agriculture. CAB International, Wallingford, pp. 1-59.
Hooper, D. J., Hallman, J., Subbotin, S. (2005). Methods for extraction, processing and detection of plant and soil nematodes. In: Luc, M., Sikora, R., Bridge, J. (eds.). Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture. 2nd edn. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, pp. 53-86.
Mai, W. F., Mullen, P. G., Lyon, H. H. Loeffler, K. (1996). Plant-Parasitic Nematodes: A. Pictorial Key to Genera. 5th edn. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca, NY. 277 pp.
Oka, Y., Koltai, H., Bar-Eyal, M., Mor, M., Sharon, E., Chet, I., Spiegel, Y. (2000). New strategies for the control of plant-parasitic nematodes. Pest Manag. Sci., 56 (11), 983-988.
Perry, R. N. Moens, M. (eds.). (2013). Plant Nematology. 2nd edn. Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK; CABI Publishing, Boston, USA. 536 pp.
Pisanello, D. (2014). Chemistry of Foods: EU Legal and Regulatory Approaches. Palermo, Italy. 77 pp.
Samaliev, H., Stoyanov, D. (2007). Parasitic Nematodes of Crop Plants and Their Control. Agricultural Academic Press, Plovdiv. 328 pp. (in Bulgarian).
Samaliev, H., Mohamedova, M. (2011). Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with strawberry (Fragaria aiianassa Duch.) in Bulgaria. Bulg. J. Agricult. Sci., 17 (6), 730-735.
Stirling, G. R. (2014). Biological Control of Plant-parasitic Nematodes: Soil Ecosystem Management in Sustainable Agriculture. CABI. 536 pp.
Wilson, E. O. (2016). Plant and insect parasitic nematodes. Nematology lab at UNL (University of Nebraska-Lincoln). Available at: http://nematode.unl.edu/nemaID.htm
Zasada, I. A., Halbrendt, J. M., Kokalis-Burelle, N., LaMondia, J., McKenry, M. V., Noling, J. W. (2010). Managing nematodes without methyl bromide. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol., 48, 311-328.