Variability of Old Sweet Cherries Found in Slovak Regions and Their Preservation

Michaela Benková 1 , Iveta Čičová 1 , Daniela Benedikova 1 , Lubomir Mendel 1  and Miroslav Glasa 2
  • 1 National Agriculture and Food Centre, Research Institute of Plant Production Piešt’any, Bratislavska cesta 122, 921 68 Piešt’any, , Slovak Republic
  • 2 Institute of Virology, Biomedical Research Center, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 84505 , Bratislava, Slovak Republic

Abstract

The work is focused on the evaluation of variability of morphological and pomological characteristics of several old sweet cherries (Prunus avium L.) that were found in different Slovak regions. The experimental work has been performed during two years, 2014 and 2015. The following characteristics according to the descriptor list of subgenus Cerasus were evaluated - period of flowering and ripening, morphological characteristics of the flowers, fruit size, fruit weight, and quality parameters. The results showed high variability of evaluated accessions. From the 13 surveyed localities, the most valuable accessions were found in the locality Hornį Streda - places Čachtice, Krakovany, Nitra, and Brdárka. During the collecting expeditions, 170 accessions of sweet cherry, with fruit of the different quality were found. The most interesting accessions were grafted onto rootstocks with different intensity of growth (Prunus avium L., Prunus mahaleb L., and ‘Gisela5’). Some of the selected cherry accessions can be used for commercial growing after tests, while some of them can be used only for collection of genetic resources and as potential genitors in breeding programmes.

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