Genealogy of Source Material for Its Use in Apple Breeding in Southern Russia

Irina Dubravina 1 , Igor Vasilenko 2 , Irina Chepinoga 3  und Sergey Gorlov 4
  • 1 Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin, Kalinina 13, Krasnodar, 350044, , Russian Federation
  • 2 Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin, Kalinina 13, Krasnodar, 350044, Russiam Federation , Russian Federation
  • 3 Krymsk Experimental Breeding Station, 353384, Krymsk-4, Krasnodar Region, , Russian Federation
  • 4 Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin, Kalinina 13, Krasnodar, 350044, , Russian Federation

Abstract

Prebreeding research on Malus domestica Borkh. specimens was conducted to broaden the genetic diversity of cross breeding components for faster creation of cultivars of adaptive and technological orientation. Genealogical analysis has practical value in the study of the apple trees gene pool for accelerated development of cultivars with desired properties. Genealogical analysis of 55 apple cultivars from the gene pool of branch of the Department of Horticulture of Kuban State Agrarian University - Krymsk Experimental breeding station (Krymsk), complex donors were selected by traits of immunity to scab and high quality of fruits - ‘Gold Rush’, ‘Pristine’, ‘Enterprise’. Cultivar ‘Golden Delicious’ was selected as a “hidden” donor by the trait of medium (autumn) ripening time.

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