Monitoring of Sawfly Populations (Hymenoptera, Symphyta: Hoplocampa Spp.) In Plum And Apple Orchards Using Visual Traps

Open access

The investigation of Hoplocampa minuta (Christ, 1791) (black plum sawfly), Hoplocampa flava (Linné, 1760) (yellow plum sawfly) and Hoplocampa testudinea (Klug, 1816) (apple sawfly) populations using white sticky traps Rebell®bianco was carried out in conventionally and organically managed apple and conventionally managed plum orchards of the Institute of Horticulture of Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry in 2010 and 2011. Temperature sums for predicting sawfly spring emergence were determined: 120 ± 5 degree-days for apple sawfly, 85 ± 26 degree-days for black plum sawfly and 95 ± 28 degree-days for yellow plum sawfly. However, more years of the study are needed to confirm these temperature sums. The average densities of sawflies during the flight period were: H. minuta - 14.8 ± 7.3 sawfly trap-1 in 2010 and 54.2 ± 35.9 sawfly trap-1 in 2011; H. flava - 13.3 ± 5.2 sawfly trap-1 in 2010,and 16.6 ± 6.9 sawfly trap-1 in 2011; and H. testudinea in organic orchard - 38.3 ± 26.2 sawfly trap-1 in 2010 and 5.0 ± 2.8 sawfly trap-1 in 2011, in conventional orchard - 14.8 ± 8.1 sawfly trap-1 in 2010 and 9.3 ± 4.3 sawfly trap-1 in 2011. Conditions for development of both plum sawfly species were better in 2011, when abundance nearly reached the economic threshold. Population density, cumulative trap catches during the flight period, and damage caused by apple sawfly varied significantly between the study years and apple cultivars. In 2010, apple sawfly was more abundant and caused more serious damage than in 2011. The economic threshold of 30-40 individuals per trap was reached in 2010 due to the better conditions of development. The various apple cultivars suffered different damage levels: cv. ‘Aldas’, ‘Vitos’ and ‘Rubinola’ suffered the highest damage in the organic orchard, but no significant differences were observed. In the conventional garden, cv. ‘Auksis’ had the most damaged fruits.

Alford, D. V. (1984). A Colour Atlas of Fruit Pests, Their Recognition, Biologyand Control. London: Wolfe Publishing Ltd. 320 pp.

Achterberg, C., van (2004). Hymenoptera. Fauna Europaea version 1.1, http://www.faunaeur.org.

Caruso, S., Cera, M. C. (2004). Control strategies for Plum Sawflies (Hoplocampa flava, Hoplocampa minuta) in organic farming. IOBC/WPRS Bull., 27 (5), 107-111.

Chaboussou, F. (1961). Recherches sur l`hoplocampe du pommier (Hoplocampa testudinea Klug). Méthode de lutte chimique. Ann. Epiphyt., 12, 293-315 (in French).

Ciglar, I., Bariã, B. (2002). Monitoring the appearance and possibility for prevention of the apple sawfly in Croatia. J. Pest Sci., 75, 41-45.

Coli, W. M., Green, T. A., Hosmer, T. A., Prokopy, R. J. (1985). Use of visual traps for monitoring insect pests in the Massachusetts apple IPM program. Agricult. Syst. Environ., 14, 251-265.

Graf, B., Höhn, H., Höpli, H. U. (1996a). The apple sawfly, Hoplocampa testudinea: A temperature driven model for spring emergence of adults. Entomol. Experiment. Appl., 78, 301-307.

Graf, B., Höhn, H., Höpli, H. U. (1996b). Optimizing the risk assessment for the apple sawfly Hoplocampa testudinea Klug (Hymenopter, Tenthredinidae). IOBC/WPRS Bull., 19, 113-117.

Höhn, H., Höpli, H. U., Graf, B. (1993). Apfelsägewespe: Schönheitsfehler trotz Bekämpfung. Schweiz. Zeitschrift Obst. Un Weinbau, 129, 678-684 .

Lukaš, J., Kocourek, F. (1998). Monitoring of apple sawfly flight using white sticky sheets. Plant Protect. Sci., 34 (3), 98-104 (in Czech).

MacHardy, W. E. (2000). Current status of IPM in Apple orchards. CropProtect., 19, 801-806.

Miller, F. (1956). Agricultural Entomology. Praha: SZN. 1057 pp. (in Czezh).

Nagy, B. (1959). Appearance prognosis for plum sawfly. Növényvédelemjdõszerû kérdései, 1-2, 48-57 (in Hungarian).

Nagy, B. (1960). Fruit Sawflies (Hoplocampa spp.). Budapest: Mezõgazdasági Kiadó. 151 pp. (in Hungarian).

Raudonis, L. (ed.) (2007). Plant Protection Technologies of HorticulturalCrops 2007-2008. Babtai: LSDI. 134 pp. (in Lithuanian).

Roller, L., Haris, A. (2008). Sawflies of the Carpathian Basin History andCurrent Research. Natura Somogyiensis. Vol. 11. Kaposvár. 261 pp.

Taeger, A., Blank, S. M., Liston, A. D. (2006). European sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta):Aspecies checklist for the countries. In: Blank, S. M., Schmidt, S., Taeger, A. (eds.). Recent Sawfly Research: Synthesisand Prospects (pp. 399-504). Keltern: Goecke & Evers, 704 pp.

Velbinger, H. (1939). Beitrag zur Biologie und Bekämpfung der Apfel- und Birnensägewespe (Hoplocampa testudinea KLG., Hoplocampa brevis KLG.) (Hym. Tenthr.). Gartenbauwisenschaften, 13, 492-566.

Walczak, F., Gaùæzewski, M., Jakubowska, M., Rosiak, K., Tratwal, A., Zùotkowski, J., Heryng, I., Gajewski, M. (2009). Harmfulness of some agrophags of cultural plants in Poland in 2008. Progr. Plant Protect., 49 (2), 508-528 (in Polish).

Wildbolz, T., Staub, A., (1984). Überwachung der Sägewespen mit Eiablagekontrollen, Befallskontrollen und weissen Fallen. SchweizerischeZeitschrift für Obst- und Weinbau 120, 228-232 (in German).

Zijp, J. P., Blommers, L. H. M., (1997). Prediction of flight of apple sawfly, Hoplocampa testudinea, using temperature sums. Entomol. Experiment. Appl., 84, 71-75.

Zijp, J. P., Blommers L. (1993). Lathrolestes ensator, a parasitoid of the apple sawfly. Proc. Sect. Exper. Appl. Entomol., 4, 237-242.

Zar, J. H. (2010). Biostatistical Analysis. 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education. 944 pp.

Заянчкаускас П., Йонайтис В. (1979). Перепончатокрылые Литовской CСР, их биология и экология [Hymenopterans of Lithuanian SSR, their biology and ecology]. Acta Entomol. Lituan., 4, 32-33 (in Russian).

Journal Information

CiteScore 2017: 0.22

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.127
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.211

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 113 112 5
PDF Downloads 73 73 3