Symptomatic Epileptogenic Lesions

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Abstract

Background and objectives: The main aim of this study is to prove the association of seizure types with the MRI findings of the brain (etiological factor). Also, to prove which type of lesion is mostly represented in which age-group, and with which type of seizure.

Methods: A total of 100 patients with symptomatic epilepsy, aged from 16 to 80 years, were hospitalized at the Neurology Clinic or in its Outpatient Unit, in the period from 2009 to 2012. They were neurologically examined and the seizure type registered. All patients underwent MRI of the brain.

Results: (56%) men and 44 (44%) women were examined. The represented type of epileptic seizures were 41.0% with SPC + CPC, followed by 15.0% GTCC, and 14.0% CPC with secondary generalization, 12,0% CPC, 10,0% SPC and 8.0% with absences. The epileptic lesions of 25.0% were hippocampal sclerosis, 20.0% post-traumatic injuries, 19.0%, post-vascular and brain tumours, and the lowest percentage of 17.0% with post-infectious lesions.

Conclusions: Post-traumatic lesions occur more frequently in the elderly population with the accent on the male, while hippocampal sclerosis occurs in the adolescent and younger population with higher frequency in the female.

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