The Northernmost Populations of Tetraspora Gelatinosa (Chlorophyta) from Spitsbergen

Open access

Abstract

This article describes the morphological characteristics of the populations of green alga, Tetraspora gelatinosa, growing in the stressful Arctic conditions (77°00’22” N, 015°32’54.33” E). We present the first detailed morphological characteristics of this spe-cies from such a high latitude. Populations from both stagnant and flowing waters were studied. Depending on the type of habitat, their mucilaginous colonies (thalli) have differ-ent shapes, but the structure, size and the placement of the vegetative cells, akinetes and ameboid forms, as well as the pseudocilia morphology of both populations, were very simi-lar. Literature data on the distribution of T. gelatinosa indicate that it is a cosmopolitan spe-cies. Our data are compared with some characteristic features of this species growing in dif-ferent geographical and climatic zones. No significant differences were found in the morphology of the colonies compared, nor in the location and the inner structure of cells. How-ever, there were slight differences in cell size between the populations from warm and cold zones.

Benninghoff W. and Robbins H. 1953. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20l?id=GBIF243579737.

Bold H.C. and Wynne MJ. 1978. Introduction to the Algae: Structure and Reproduction. Prentice-Hall, INC New Jersey: 686 pp.

Borge O. 1911. Die Süsswasseralgenflora Spitzbergens. Videnskapsselskapets Skifter. I. Mat.-Natur. Klasse 11: 1-38.

Branco C.C.Z., Branco L.H.Z., Moura M.O. and Bertusso F.R. 2005. The succession dynamics of a macroalgal community after a flood disturbance in a tropical stream from São Paulo State, southeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Botânica 28: 267-275.

CaisováL., BeštaT., ChlachulaJ., KomárekJ. andHusákŠ. 2009. Taxonomic investigations of cyanobacterial and algal flora from the Southern Altai, East Kazakhstan. Biodiversity Research and Conservation 15: 13-22.

Cambra S.J., álvarezC.M. and Aboal S.M. 1998. Listaflorísticay bibliográfica de los clorófitos (Chlorophyta) de la Península Ibérica, Islas Baleares e Islas Canarias. Asociación Española de Limnología, Burgos: 1-614.

Cărău? I. 2003. The algae of Romania. Studiisi Cercetari, UniversitateaBacau, Biologie 7: 1-694.

Chapman V.J. 1951. Notes on New Zealand algae. Transactions andProceedings ofthe Royal Society of New Zealand 79: 84-86.

Chapman V.J., Thompson R.H. and Segar E.C. 1957. Check List of the Fresh-Water Algae of New Zealand. Transactions andProceedings ofthe Royal Society of New Zealand4: 695–747.

Day S.A., Wickham R.P., Entwisle T.J. and Tyler P.A. 1995. Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary 4: 1-276.

Desvaux C. 1818. Observations sur lesplantes des environs d'Angers, pour serveur de supplément a la flora Maine et Loire, et de suite à l'histoire naturelle et critique des plantes de France. Fourier-Mame, Dondey-Dipré, Angers & Paris: 1-188.

Downing R.C. 1970. Shoreline algae of western Lake Erie. The Ohio Journal of Science 70: 254-276.

Entwisle T.J. andSkinner S. 2001. Non-marine algae of Australia: 4. Floristic survey of some colonial green macroalgae (Chlorophyta). Telopea 9: 725-739.

Ettl H. and Gärtner G. 1988. Chlorophyta II, Tetrasporales, Chlorococcales, Gloeodendrales. In: H. Ettl, J. Gerloff, H. Heynig and D. Mollenhauer (eds) Süâwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Gustav Fischer, Verlag, Jena: 120-123.

Fott B. 1972. Das Phytoplankton des Süsswassers. Systematik und Biologie 6. Huber-Pestalozzi. Chlorophyceae, Tetrasporales. E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhantlung, Stuttgart: 110 pp.

GHAZALA B., Shameel M., Choudhary M.I., Shahzad S. and Leghari S.M. 2004. Phycochemistry and bioactivity of Tetraspora (Volvocophyta). Pakistan Journal of Botany 36:531-547.

Graham L.E. and Wilcox L.W. 2000. Algae. Prentice-Hali, INC Upper Saddler River, New York: 640 pp.

Gutowski A., Foerster J. and SCHAUMBurg J. 2004. The use of benthic algae, excluding diatoms and charales, for the assessment of the ecological status of running fresh waters: a case history from Germany. Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies 33: 3-15.

Hoek C, Mann D.G. and Johns H.M. 1995. Algae: an Introduction to Phycology. University Press, Cambridge: 623 pp.

Hu H. and WeiY. 2006. The Freshwater Algae of China. Systematics, Taxonomy and Ecology. Science Press, Bejjing: 1023 pp.

Islam N.M.K.A. and Irfanullah H. 2005. Hydrobiological studies within the tea gardens at Srimangal, Bangladesh. III. Chlorophyceae (excluding desmids). Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 12: 19-37.

John D.M, Whitton BA. and Brook AJ. 2002. The Freshwater Algal Flora ofthe British Isles: an Identification, Vol. 1. Natural History Museum, London: 702 pp.

Komarenko L.E. and Vasil'eva I.I. 1978. Presnovodnye zelnye vodorosli vodoemov Akutii. AkademijaNauk SSSR, Izdatel'stvo Nauka, Moskva: 283 pp.

Korshikov OA. 1953. The Freshwater Algae of the Ukrainian SSR. Vol. 5: Subclass Protococcineae. Vacuolales and Protococcales. Akademija Nauk URSR, Kiev: 489 pp.

Krupek RA., Branco C.C.Z. and Peres CK. 2007. Distribuição ecológica das comunidades de macroalgas da bacia de drenagem do Rio das Pedras, região Centro-Sul do Estado do Paraná, Sul do Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Botânica 30: 173-182.

Krupek R.A., Branco C.C.Z. and Peres CK. 2008. Levantamento florístico das comunidades de macroalgas da bacia do Rio das Pedras, região centro-sul do Estado do Paraná, Sul do Brasil. Hoehnea 35: 189-208.

Lakshminarayana J.S.S. 1976. Studies on a series of small freshwater pools near St. John's, New-foundland. II Algae. Hydrobiologia 49: 129-135.

Lukavský J. 2009. Algae, Cyanobacteria and Chytridiales of Černé Lake in the Bohemian Forest (Šumava, Czech Republic). Silva Gabreta 15: 1–48.

Mather W.M. 1928. Freshwater Algae of the Hutt Valley. M. Sc. Thesis. Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington: 1-118.

Medvedeva L.A. and Semenchenko K.A. 2003. The results of algological research of Samarga River (Primorsky Region). Vladimir Ya. Levanidov's Biennial Memorial Meetings, 2. Rezultaty algologi-cheskikh issledovanii reki Saramaga, Primorskiy kraj. Dalnauk, Vladivostok: 242–253.

Medvedeva L.A. 2010. Al'gologicheskie issledovanija vodotokov bassejna reki Zea i Zejskogo vodokhranilishcha. In: S.E. Sirotskij (eds) Gidroekologitcheskij monitoring zony vlianija zejs-kogo gidrouzla. Rossijskaja Academija Nauk, Khabarovsk: 45–92.

Pentecost A. 2002. Order Tetrasporales. In: D.M. John, B.A. Whitton and A.J. Brook (ed.) The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An Identification Guide to Freshwater and Terres-trial Algae. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 702 pp.

Phillips J.A. 2002. Algae. In: R.J.F. Henderson (ed.) Names and distribution of Queensland plants, al-gae and lichens. Queensland Government Environmental Protection Agency, Brisbane: 228–244.

Prescott G.W. 1962. Algae of the Western Great Lakes Area. W.C. Brown Co, Dubuque, Iowa: 977 pp.

Rhodes R.G. 1967. The occurrence of heterothallism in Tetraspora gelatinosa. Canadian Journal of Botany 45: 383–384.

Roeder T. 1973. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20q? search=Tetraspora+gelatinosa&b=EOL/pages/921039.

Sheath R.G., Morison M.O., Korch J.E., Kaczmarczyk D. and Cole K.M. 1986. Distribution of stream macroalgae in south-central Alaska. Hydrobiologia 135: 259–269.

Sheath R.G., Hamiltopn P.B., Hambrook J.A. and Cole K.M. 1989. Stream macroalgae of the eastern boreal forest region of North America. Canadian Journal of Botany 67: 3553–3562.

Shubert E. L. 2003. Nonmotile coccoid and colonial green algae. In: J.D. Wehr and R.G. Sheath (eds) Freshwater Algae of North America. Ecology and Classification. Academic Press, San Diego, California: 253–309.

Simić S.B., Cvijan M.V. and ranković R. 2002. Distribucija i ekologija zelenih algi (Chlorophyta) u slivu reke Timok, Srbija. Acta Biological Jugoslavica Ser. D – Ekologija 37: 23–32.

Smith E.M. and Sinnott E.W. (eds) 1950. The Freshwater Algae of the United States. The Botani-cal Sciences, McGraw-Hill, New York: 719 pp.

Starmach K. 1986. Tetraspora gelatinosa (Vaucher) Desvaux und die in ihren Thalli lebenden Algen. Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica 29: 491–499.

ValeemE.E. and ShameelM. 2005. Fatty acid composition of Volvocophyta Shameel from Sindh, Pakistan. International Journal of Phycology and Phycochemistry 1: 177–180.

Vinocur A. and Pizarro H. 2000. Microbial mats of twenty-six lakes from Potter Peninsula, King George Island, Antarctica. Hydrobiologia 437: 171–185.

WehrJ.D. and SheathR.G. 2003.Freshwater Algae of North America. Ecology and Classification. Academic Press, Elsevier Science, San Diego, California: 918 pp.

Woodhead N. and Tweed R.D. 1957. A second check-list of tropical West African algae. Hydrobiologia 15: 225–286.

Yasuno M., Fukushima S., Hasegawa J., Shioyama F. and Hatakeyama S. 1982. Changes in the benthic fauna and flora after application of temephos to a stream on Mt. Tsukuba. Hydrobiologia 89: 205–214.

Polish Polar Research

The Journal of Committee on Polar Research of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.636
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.121

CiteScore 2016: 1.20

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.556
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.645

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 105 105 7
PDF Downloads 46 46 6