The aim of this study was to assess the inbreeding coefficient of Polish Konik horses based on runs of homozygosity (ROH). Ninety six horses kept in 6 herds located across Poland were genotyped with the use of EquineSNP60 BeadChip (Illumina). SNP markers with a Minor Allele Frequency lower than 0.01 and SNPs assigned to chromosome X or Y were excluded from the study. A total of 50 708 SNPs were included for statistical analysis (SVS software, Golden Helix). The analysis showed that the population is in genetic equilibrium, with He and Ho estimates both equal to 0.3086. Seven categories of Runs of Homozygozity (ROH) length were defined: >0.5, >1, >2, >4, >8, >16, >25 Mb. The genomic inbreeding coefficient derived from ROH (FROH) calculated for each ROH length ranged from 15.96% based on the shortest ROH (>0,5Mb) to 2.71% for the longest ROH (>25Mb). Among individual horses, the inbreeding coefficient ranged from 5.25% to 22.41% (for ROH >1Mb). Analysis of ROH in Polish Koniks allows for more effective management of their inbreeding in the future.
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