Introduction. Breast cancer is the most commonly found type of cancer in women. One cancer risk factor related to lifestyle that seems to be particularly worth examining is physical activity. The aims of the study were to analyse the physical activity of women who had been diagnosed with breast cancer for the first time and had undergone surgical treatment as well as to determine how their physical activity patterns changed with respect to the patterns from before the diagnosis.
Material and methods. The research was carried out by means of a diagnostic survey. The instrument used was an original questionnaire designed for the purposes of the study. A total of 200 female breast cancer patients were surveyed between September 2015 and April 2016. The data collected in the study were subjected to statistical analysis.
Results. The study showed that after developing cancer, a considerable percentage of women who were not physically active earlier started to perform regular physical activity. Before being diagnosed with cancer, 58% of the respondents did not spend any time engaging in physical activity or only performed it up to 30 minutes per week, whereas after receiving the diagnosis, more than half of the respondents spent a few hours a week being physically active.
Conclusions. After being diagnosed with breast cancer, the majority of patients led a healthy lifestyle; the women surveyed in the study were more active and spent more time engaging in sports and recreation.
2. Ferlay J., Stoliarova-Foucher E., Lortet-Tieulent J., Rosso S., Coebergh J.W.W., Comber H. et al. (2013). Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: Estimates for 40 countries in 2012. European Journal of Cancer 49(6), 1374-1403.
3. Ferlay J., Soerjomataram I., Dikshit R., Eser S., Mathers C., Rebelo M. et al. (2015). Cancer incidence and mortality worldwide: Sources, methods and major patterns in GLOBOCAN 2012. International Journal of Cancer 36(5), E359-E386. DOI: 10.1002/ijc.29210.
4. Kruk J. (2006). Fruit and vegetable consumption and the risk of breast cancer. Contemporary Oncology 10(5), 224-230. [in Polish]
5. Tyczyński J.E. (2003). Environmental risk factors for cancer and prevention opportunities (primary prevention). In A. Kułakowski, A. Skowrońska-Gardas (eds), Oncology. Handbook for medical students (pp. 21-27). Warszawa: PZWL. [in Polish]
6. Abdulkareem I.H. (2013). Aetio-pathogenesis of breast cancer. Nigerian Medical Journal 54(6), 371-375. DOI: 10.4103/0300-1652.126284.
7. Friedenreich C.M., Orenstein M.R. (2002). Physical activity and cancer prevention: Etiologic evidence and biological mechanisms. Journal of Nutrition 132(11), 3456-3464.
8. Kruk J. (2007). Self-reported physical activity and the risk of breast cancer. Nowotwory 57(6), 677-684. [in Polish]
9. Cigler T., Ryan P.D. (2009). Breast oncology: Clinical presentation and genetics. In B.A. Chaber, T.J. Lynch, D.L. Longo (eds), Harrison – oncology (pp. 368-374). Lublin: Czelej. [in Polish]
10. Piotrowski J. (2003). Breast cancer. In A. Kułakowski, A. Skowrońska-Gardas (eds), Oncology. Handbook for medical students (pp. 106-118). Warszawa: PZWL. [in Polish]
11. Bernstein L., Henderson B.E., Hanisch R., Sullivan-Halley J., Ross R.K. (1994). Physical exercise and reduced risk of breast cancer in young women. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 86(18), 1403-1408.
12. Litwiniuk M., Kara I. (2012). Physical activity and cancer. OncoReview 2(4), 228-233. [in Polish]
13. Pierce J., Stefanick M., Flatt S. (2007). Greater survival after breast cancer in physically active women with high vegetable-fruit intake regardless of obesity. Journal of Clinical Oncology 25(17), 2345-2351. DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2006.08.6819.
14. Hsieh C.C., Sprod L.K., Hydock D.S., Carter S.D., Hayward R., Schneider C.M. (2008). Effects of a supervised exercise intervention on recovery from treatment regimens in breast cancer survivors. Oncology Nursing Forum 35(6), 909-915. DOI: 10.1188/08.
15. Malicka I., Szczepanska-Gieracha J., Jankowska E., Wożniewski M., Rymaszewska J. (2011). Physical activity, life satisfaction, and mental adjustment to cancer in women after breast cancer treatment. Contemporary Oncology 15(3), 180-185. [in Polish]
16. Prokopowicz K., Prokopowicz G., Molik B., Kozdroń E. (2015). Assessment of selected health behaviours of women after breast cancer therapy. Postępy rehabilitacji 29(3), 5-12. [in Polish]
17. Ridan T., Zdebska S., Ogrodzka K., Opuchlik A. (2015). Evaluation of physical activity level in women after single breast mastectomy. Problemy Higieny i Epidemiologii 9(1), 181-186. [in Polish]
18. Kachaniuk H., Stanisławek A., Bartoszek A., Kocka K., Szadowska-Szlachetka Z., Charzyńska-Gula M. (2013). An analysis of selected health behaviours of women as breast cancer risk factors. Przegląd Menopauzalny 12(6), 453-458.