Introduction. The Roma for strangers are a people of serenity and fun. By the majority of the Polish society they are perceived as people who have lost touch with a broader context of social reality. The aim of the research was to gather material concerning traditional Gypsy fun and games, systematize the knowledge about the physical culture of the Polish Roma and also determine the sense of social actions taken within the scope of games and fun of this ethnic group. Material and methods. The research, belonging to the current of anthropological-ethnological thought, was carried out among the Roma from the eastern part of Poland. The findings were presented as elements of non-material culture and a form of physical activity of this ethnic group. The traditional games and fun of the Polish Roma were presented against the background of general characteristics of the ethnic group and the entire history of the Gypsies presence on Polish soil. Results and conclusions. The research has shown that the physical culture of the Polish Roma, displayed in the form of games and fun, is crucial for strengthening the existing social bonds and shaping new ones. The research has proven that the joint physical culture of the Polish Roma, being an integrating factor, initiates and intensifies social interactions, and is conducive to the development of interpersonal relations. It has been found that there are patterns of physical culture and forms of physical activity of characteristic of the Roma community. The study and the interpretation of the findings, has enabled the authors to systematize the knowledge on the physical culture of the Polish Roma, and also determine the sense of the actions taken by them in this scope.
1.Kubiak H. (1980). Ethnic assimilation on the plane of social structure. In H. Kubiak, A.K. Paluch (Eds.), Assumptions of theory of assimilation (pp. 53-66). Wrocław-Warszawa-Kra- ków-Gdańsk: Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich. [in Polish]
2.Bartosz A. (2004). Do not be afraid of a Gypsy. Na dara Romestar. Sejny: Fundacja Pogranicze. [in Polish]
3.Ficowski J. (2000). Gypsies in Poland. History and customs. Gdańsk: Tower Press. [in Polish]
4.Fraser A. (2001). History of Gypsies. Warszawa: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy. [in Polish]
5.Mirga A., Mróz L. (1994). Gypsies, otherness and intolerance. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. [in Polish]
6.Ficowski J. (1985). Gypsies on Polish roads. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie. [in Polish]
7.Mirga A. (1998). The Roma - the process of shaping the political subjectivity. In P. Madajczyk (Ed.), National minorities in Poland. The Polish state and society, and national minorities in the periods of political watersheds (1944-1989) (pp. 110-179). Warszawa: Instytut Studiów Politycznych PAN. [in Polish]
8.Mirga A. (1997). The Roma in the newest history of Poland. In Z. Kurcz (Ed.), National minorities in Poland (pp. 153179). Wrocław: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego. [in Polish]
9.Giza-Poleszczuk A., Poleszczuk J. (2001). Gypsies and Poles in Mława - an ethnic or social conflict? In A. Jasińska-Kania (Ed.), Difficult neighbourhood, from the sociology of ethnic conflicts (pp. 221-247). Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Scholar. [in Polish]
11.Kwadrans Ł. (2002). Nation - nationality - ethnic group? An attempt at creating a sociological portrait of the Polish Roma. MA thesis, Uniwersytet Opolski, Opole. [in Polish]
12.Zołędziowski C. (1995). National minorities in Poland. In M. Księżopolski (Ed.), Poland 1995. The Report on social development (pp. 18-29). Warszawa: Program Narodów Zjednoczonych ds. Rozwoju. [in Polish]
13.Kowarska A.J. (2005). The Polish Roma. Tradition and modernity. Warszawa: DiG. [in Polish]
14.Cieśliński R. (2010). Selected methods and techniques of field research in the field of sport and recreation ethnology. In I. Cieśliński, R. Cieśliński, I. Chaliburda (Eds.), Traditional forms of physical activity of the population of the eastern borderland of Poland (pp. 53-69). Biała Podlaska: AWF [in Polish]
15.Babbie E. (2004). Social research in practice. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. [in Polish]
16.Giddens A. (2010). Sociology. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. [in Polish]
17.Burszta W.J. (1998). Anthropology of culture. Themes, theories and interpretations. Poznań: Zysk i s-ka. [in Polish]
18.Znaniecki F. (1988). An introduction to sociology. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. [in Polish]
19.Weber M. (1994). The nation. In J. Hutchinson, A. Smith (Eds.), Nationalism (pp. 21-25). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
20.Kubiak H. (1980). Theory, ideology, the policy of assimilation. A sketch of the problem. In H. Kubiak, A.K. Paluch (Eds.), Assumptions of theory of assimilation (p. 17). Wro- cław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk: Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich. [in Polish]
21.Huizinga J. (2007). Homo Ludens. Fun as a source of culture. Warszawa: Czytelnik. [in Polish]
22.Grajewski L. (1972). Bibliography of illustrations in Polish th th journals in 19 and beginning of 20 c. Warszawa.