Taxonomy and ecology of Bombus pyrosoma MORAWITZ (Hymenoptera: Apidae) from the North-west Indian Himalaya

Open access

Abstract

Bombus pyrosoma MORAWITZ is an Oriental species. In the Indian Himalaya it is widely distributed in Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Sikkim with a long seasonal activity period. Queens and males were examined from the Kashmir Himalaya during June, August and September with altitudinal distribution ranges from 2300 to 4200 m. The species is abundant from 3000 to 4000 m in the Kashmir Himalayan belt and was found foraging on large wild flowers in open areas of the mountains. It has a preference for some species of Lamiaceae, as well as Taraxacum officinale and Cirsium spp. (Asteraceae), and Trifolium spp. (Fabaceae). The queens are very large, whereas males are medium-sized. Both have very different colour patterns. Due emphasis has been laid on its thorough taxonomic descriptions, food plants, synonymy, distribution pattern and illustration.

BINGHAM C.T. 1897. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera. Vol. 1. Wasps and Bees. Taylor and Francis, London.

BISCHOFF H. 1936. Schwedisch-chinesische wissenschaftliche Expedition nach den nordwestlichen Provinzen Chinas, unter Leitung von Dr. Sven Hedin und Prof. Su Ping-chang. Insekten gesammelt vom schwedischen Arzt der Expedition Dr. David Hummel 1927-1930. 56. Hymenoptera. 10. Bombinae. Arkiv for Zoologi 27: 1-27.

DALLA TORRE K.W. VON 1896. Catalogus hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Volumen X: Apidae (Anthophila). viii+643 pp. Lipsiae.

FRIESE H. 1905. Neue oder wenig bekannte Hummeln des russischen Reiches (Hymenoptera). Ezhegodnik Zoologicheskogo Muzeya 9: 507-523.

FRISON T.H. 1934. Records and descriptions of Bremus and Psithyrus from Formosa and the Asiatic mainland. Transactions of the Natural History Society of Formosa 24: 150-185.

MORAWITZ F. 1890. Insecta a cl. G.N. Potanin in China et in Mongolia novissime lecta. XIV. Hymenoptera Aculeata. III. Apidae. Trudy Russkogo Entomologicheskogo Obshchestva 24: 349-385.

SAINI M.S., RAINA R.H., KHAN Z.H. 2011. A check list of bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) from Indian Himalaya. Journal of Insect Science 24: 326-352.

SAINI M.S., RAINA R.H., KHAN Z.H. 2012a. Species diversity of bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) from different mountains regions of Kashmir Himalayas. Journal of Scientific Research 4: 263-272.

SAINI M.S., RAINA R.H., KHAN Z.H. 2012b. Food plants and stratification of bumblebees (Apidae: Hymenoptera) from Indian Himalayas. Annals of Entomology 30: 81-89.

SAKAGAMI S.F. 1972. Bumble bees collected by the California Academy Lingnan dawn-redwood expedition to central west China, 1948 (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Pan Pacific Entomologist 48: 153-174.

SKORIKOV A.S. 1912. Neue Hummelformen (Hymenoptera, Bombidae). IV. Russkoe Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 12: 606-610.

SKORIKOV A.S. 1923. Palaearctic bumblebees. Part I. General biology (including zoogeography). Izvestiya Severnoi Oblastnoi Stantsii Zashchity Rastenii ot Vreditelei 4: 1-160.

SKORIKOV A.S. 1933. Zur Hummelfauna Japans und seiner Nachbarländer. Mushi 6: 53-65.

TKALCU B. 1961. Zur Hummelfauna der Umgebung Kuku-Nors (Hymenoptera, Bombinae). Časopis Československé Spolecnosti Entomologické 58: 344-379.

TKALCU B. 1968. Neue Arten der Unterfamilie Bombinae der paläarktischen Region (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Sborník Entomologického Oddeleni Národního Musea v Praze 65: 21-51.

WANG S., YAO J. 1992. Insects of Wuling Mountains area, Southwestern China. China, Science Press, Beijing.

WILLIAMS P.H. 1991. The bumble bees of the Kashmir Himalaya (Hymenoptera: Apidea; Bombinae) Bulletin of the Natural History Museum London (Entomology) 60: 1-204.

WILLIAMS P.H. 1998. An annotated checklist of bumblebees with an analysis of patterns of description (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Bombini). Bulletin of the Natural History Museum London (Entomology) 67: 79-152.

WILLIAMS P.H. 2004. Genus Bombus LATREILLE. [In:] GUPTA R.K. (ed.). An annotated catalogue of the bee species of the Indian Region. Jodhpur: Jai Narain Vyas University.web page providing a list of bumblebees of India and adjacent countries with common synonyms and a summary of their distributions within the region. (www.nhm.ac.uk/researchcuration/research/projects/bombus/william04_india.pdf accessed 2010).

WILLIAMS P.H., CAMERON S.A. 1993. Bumble bee (Bombus LATR.) records from the Valley of Flowers, Uttar Pradesh. Bulletin of Entomology 31: 125-127.

WILLIAMS P.H., CAMERON S.A., HINES H.M., CEDERBERG B., RASMONT P. 2008. A simplified subgeneric classification of the bumblebees (Genus Bombus). Apidologie 39: 46-74.

YAO J., LUO C. 1997. Insects of the Three Gorge Reservoir Area of Yangtze River, vol. 2 X. YANG (ed.). Chongqing: Chongqing Publishing House, Chongqing, p.: 1686.

Polish Journal of Entomology

Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne; The Journal of Polish Entomological Society

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 213 207 16
PDF Downloads 116 114 9