Batch removal of Pb (II) ions from aqueous medium using gamma-Al2O3 nanoparticles/ethyl cellulose adsorbent fabricated via electrospinning method: An equilibrium isotherm and characterization study

Open access

Abstract

The aim of the present work is to study the efficiency of a biocompatible polymer-based adsorbent for the removal of Pb (II) ions whose devastating effects on people’s health is a matter of great concern from aqueous solution. In this study, ethyl cellulose and gamma-Al2O3 nanoparticles/ethyl cellulose electrospun adsorbents were prepared for the batch removal of Pb (II) ions from aqueous solution. Both samples were characterized using contact angle analysis, N2 adsorption/desorption technique, FT-IR and SEM. The Freundlich model (R-square = 0.935 and RMSD (%) = 6.659) and the Dubinin-Radushkevich model (R-square = 0.944 and RMSD (%) = 6.145) were found to be more reliable in predicting the experimental data from the adsorption of Pb (II) ions onto the electrospun gamma-Al2O3 nanoparticles/ethyl cellulose than the Langmuir model (R-square = 0.685 and RMSD (%) = 14.61) and also the Temkin model (R-square = 0.695 and RMSD (%) = 14.38).

Abstract

The aim of the present work is to study the efficiency of a biocompatible polymer-based adsorbent for the removal of Pb (II) ions whose devastating effects on people’s health is a matter of great concern from aqueous solution. In this study, ethyl cellulose and gamma-Al2O3 nanoparticles/ethyl cellulose electrospun adsorbents were prepared for the batch removal of Pb (II) ions from aqueous solution. Both samples were characterized using contact angle analysis, N2 adsorption/desorption technique, FT-IR and SEM. The Freundlich model (R-square = 0.935 and RMSD (%) = 6.659) and the Dubinin-Radushkevich model (R-square = 0.944 and RMSD (%) = 6.145) were found to be more reliable in predicting the experimental data from the adsorption of Pb (II) ions onto the electrospun gamma-Al2O3 nanoparticles/ethyl cellulose than the Langmuir model (R-square = 0.685 and RMSD (%) = 14.61) and also the Temkin model (R-square = 0.695 and RMSD (%) = 14.38).

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1. Singha, B. & Das, S.K. Removal of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solution and industrial effluent using natural biosorbents. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 19 (2012) 2212–2226. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-011-0725-8.

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3. Pfadenhauer, L.M., Burns, J., Rohwer, A. & Rehfuess, E.A. Effectiveness of interventions to reduce exposure to lead through consumer products and drinking water: A systematic review. Environ. Res. 147 (2016) 525–536. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2016.03.004.

4. Klapiszewski, Ł. & Szatkowski, T. Removal of lead (II) ions by an adsorption process with the use of an advanced SiO2 / lignin biosorbent. Polish J. Chem. Technol. 19 (2017) 48–53. DOI: 10.1515/pjct-2017-0007.

5. Pitsari, S., Tsoufakis, E. & Loizidou, M. Enhanced lead adsorption by unbleached newspaper pulp modified with citric acid. Chem. Eng. J. 223 (2013) 18–30. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2013.02.105.

6. Bensacia, N., Fechete, I., Moulay, S., Hulea, O., Boos, A. & Garin, F., Kinetic and equilibrium studies of lead(II) adsorption from aqueous media by KIT-6 mesoporous silica functionalized with -COOH, Comptes Rendus Chim. 17 (2014) 869–880. DOI: 10.1016/j.crci.2014.03.007.

7. Fu, F. & Wang, Q. Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters: A review. J. Environ. Manage. 92 (2011) 407–418. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.11.011.

8. Carolin, C.F., Kumar, P.S., Saravanan, A., Joshiba, G.J. & Naushad, M., Efficient techniques for the removal of toxic heavy metals from aquatic environment: A review. J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 5 (2017) 2782–2799. DOI: 10.1016/j.jece.2017.05.029.

9. Burakov, A.E., Galunin, E.V., Burakova, I.V., Kucherova, A.E., Agarwal, S., Tkachev, A.G. & Gupta, V.K. Adsorption of heavy metals on conventional and nanostructured materials for wastewater treatment purposes: A review, Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 148 (2018) 702–712. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.11.034.

10. Peng, W., Li, H., Liu, Y. & Song, S. A review on heavy metal ions adsorption from water by graphene oxide and its composites. J. Mol. Liq. 230 (2017) 496–504. DOI: 10.1016/j.molliq.2017.01.064.

11. Bhattacharyya, K.G. & Sen Gupta, S. Adsorption of a few heavy metals on natural and modified kaolinite and montmorillonite: A review. Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 140 (2008) 114–131. DOI: 10.1016/j.cis.2007.12.008.

12. Demirbas, A., Heavy metal adsorption onto agro-based waste materials: A review. J. Hazard. Mater. 157 (2008) 220–229. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.01.024.

13. Babel, S. & Kurniawan, T.A. Low-cost adsorbents for heavy metals uptake from contaminated water: A review. J. Hazard. Mater. 97 (2003) 219–243. DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3894(02)00263-7.

14. Bhattacharyya, K.G. & Sen Gupta, S., Adsorption of a few heavy metals on natural and modified kaolinite and montmorillonite: A review. Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 140 (2008) 114–131. DOI: 10.1016/j.cis.2007.12.008.

15. Shen, J., Li, Z., nan Wu, Y., Zhang, B. & Li, F., Dendrimer-based preparation of mesoporous alumina nanofibers by electrospinning and their application in dye adsorption. Chem. Eng. J. 264 (2015) 48–55. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2014.11.069.

16. Song, L., Huo, J., Wang, X., Yang, F., He, J., Li, C. Phosphate adsorption by a Cu(II)-loaded polyethersulfone-type metal affinity membrane with the presence of coexistent ions. Chem. Eng. J. 284 (2016) 182–193. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2015.08.146.

17. Lalia, B.S., Kochkodan, V., Hashaikeh, R., Hilal, N. A review on membrane fabrication: Structure, properties and performance relationship, Desalination. 326 (2013) 77–95. DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2013.06.016.

18. Huang, Z.M., Zhang, Y.Z., Kotaki, M., Ramakrishna, S. A review on polymer nanofibers by electrospinning and their applications in nanocomposites, Compos. Sci. Technol. 63 (2003) 2223–2253. DOI: 10.1016/S0266-3538(03)00178-7.

19. Ma, Z., Masaya, K. & Ramakrishna, S. Immobilization of Cibacron blue F3GA on electrospun polysulphone ultra-fine fiber surfaces towards developing an affinity membrane for albumin adsorption. J. Memb. Sci. 282 (2006) 237–244. DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2006.05.027.

20. Wu, J., Wang, N., Zhao, Y. & Jiang, L. Electrospinning of multilevel structured functional micro-/nanofibers and their applications. J. Mater. Chem. A. 1 (2013) 7290. DOI: 10.1039/c3ta10451f.

21. Ahmad, B., Stoyanov, S., Pelan, E., Stride, E. & Edirisinghe, M. Electrospinning of ethyl cellulose fibres with glass and steel needle configurations. FOOD Res. Int. 54 (2013) 1761–1772. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodres.2013.09.021.

22. Patil, S.S., Shedbalkar, U.U., Truskewycz, A., Chopade, B.A. & Ball, A.S. Nanoparticles for environmental clean-up: A review of potential risks and emerging solutions. Environ. Technol. Innov. 5 (2016) 10–21. DOI: 10.1016/j.eti.2015.11.001.

23. Steenkamp, G.C., Keizer, K., Neomagus, H.W.J.P. & Krieg, H.M. Copper(II) removal from polluted water with alumina/chitosan composite membranes. J. Memb. Sci. 197 (2002) 147–156. DOI: 10.1016/S0376-7388(01)00608-1.

24. Han, R., Zou, W., Zhang, Z., Shi, J., Yang, J. Removal of copper(II) and lead(II) from aqueous solution by manganese oxide coated sand. I. Characterization and kinetic study. J. Hazard. Mater. 137 (2006) 384–395. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.02.021.

25. Wang, S.G., Gong, W.X., Liu, X.W., Yao, Y.W., Gao, B.Y., Yue, Q.Y. Removal of lead(II) from aqueous solution by adsorption onto manganese oxide-coated carbon nanotubes. Sep. Purif. Technol. 58 (2007) 17–23. DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2007.07.006.

26. Rahmani, A., Mousavi, H.Z., Fazli, M. Effect of nanostructure alumina on adsorption of heavy metals, Desalination. 253 (2010) 94–100. DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2009.11.027.

27. Medina, M., Tapia, J., Pacheco, S., Espinosa, M., Rodriguez, R. Adsorption of lead ions in aqueous solution using silica-alumina nanoparticles, J. Non. Cryst. Solids. 356 (2010) 383–387. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2009.11.032.

28. Hua, M., Zhang, S., Pan, B., Zhang, W., Lv, L. & Zhang, Q. Heavy metal removal from water/wastewater by nanosized metal oxides: A review. J. Hazard. Mater. 211–212 (2012) 317–331. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.10.016.

29. Contreras-Bustos, R., Espejel-Ayala, F., Cercado-Quezada, B., Jiménez-Becerril, J. & Jiménez-Reyes, M. Adsorption of Zn2+ from solutions on manganese oxide obtained via ozone precipitation reaction. Polish J. Chem. Technol. 18 (2016) 46–50. DOI: 10.1515/pjct-2016-0008.

30. Gholami, A., Moghadassi, A.R., Hosseini, S.M., Shabani, S. & Gholami, F. Preparation and characterization of polyvinyl chloride based nanocomposite nanofiltration-membrane modified by iron oxide nanoparticles for lead removal from water. J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 20 (2014) 1517–1522. DOI: 10.1016/j.jiec.2013.07.041.

31. Li, J., Shi, Y., Cai, Y., Mou, S., Jiang, G., Adsorption of di-ethyl-phthalate from aqueous solutions with surfactant-coated nano/microsized alumina. Chem. Eng. J. 140 (2008) 214–220. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2007.09.037.

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Polish Journal of Chemical Technology

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