The general aim of our study was to verify the corporality relationships between mothers and daughters within the family context. One hundred and thirty women participated in the research (65 mother-daughter couples), with the following methods being used: Body-Self Questionnaire (Olga Sakson-Obada, 2009); Polish adaptation of FACES-IV (Margasiński, 2009); pictorial scale measuring perception of closeness in self - body and mother - daughter relationships (Aron, Aron & Smollan, 1992). We found that family systems with problems are facilitated by disorders of body-self strength in both mothers and daughters. Mothers who have difficulties with physical states regulating co-established problematic family systems, and daughters who come from a family perceived by them as enmeshed will tend to develop disorders with body-self strength. Women dissatisfied with their bodies perceive them as more detached from themselves. The discussion touches upon an analysis of body- -self in mothers who create problematic family systems and in daughters coming from families perceived by themselves as disordered. Also factors that foster the development of strong body-self have been pointed out.
Abraczinskas, M., Fisak, B., Barnes, R.D. (2012). The relation between parental influence, body image, and eating behaviors in a nonclinical female sample. Body Image, 9, 93-100.
Abrams, L. S., & Stormer, C. C. (2002). Sociocultural variations in the body image perceptions of urban adolescent females. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 3, 443-450.
Archibald, B., Graber, J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (1999). Associations among parent-adolescent relationships, pubertal growth, dieting, and body image in young adolescent girls: A short-term longitudinal study. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 9, 395-415.
Aron, A., Aron E. N., & Smollan, D. (1992). Inclusion of other in the self scale and the structure of interpersonal closeness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 596-612.
Bäck, E. A. (2011). Effects of parental relations and upbringing in troubled adolescent eating behaviours. Eating Disorders, 19, 1-22.
Baker, C.W., Whisman, M. A., & Brownell, K. D. (2000). Studying intergenerational transmission of eating attitudes and behaviors: Methodological and conceptual questions. Health Psychology, 19, 376-381.
Bergstrom, R. L. & Neighbors, C. (2006). Body image disturbance and the social norms approach: An integrative review of the literature. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 25, 975-1000.
Clark, L. & Tiggemann, M., (2006). Appearance culture in nine- to 12-year-old girls: media and peer influences on body dissatisfaction. Social Development, 15(4), 628-643.
Cooley, E. & Toray, T., Wang, M.C., & Valdez, N.N. (2008). Maternal effects on daughters’ eating pathology and body image. Eating Behaviors, 9, 52-61.
Esnaola, I., Rodríguez, A., & Goñi, A. (2010). Body dissatisfaction and perceived sociocultural pressures: Gender and age differences. Salud Mental, 33(1), 21-29.
GUS (2012). Zdrowie kobiet w Polsce w latach 2004-2009 /Female health in Poland in 2004-2009/. Kraków: Urząd Statystyczny w Krakowie.
Hill, A. J., Weaver, C., & Blundell, J. E. (1990). Dieting concerns of 10 year olds girls and their mothers. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 29, 346-348.
Kanakis D. M., Thelen M. H. (1995). Parental variables associated with bulimia nervosa. Addictive Behaviours, 20(4), 491-500.
Kichler, J. C., & Crowther, J. H. (2001). The effects of maternal modeling and negative familial communication on women’s eating attitudes and body image. Behavior Therapy, 32, 443-447.
Kneipp L., Kelly K. & Wisse I. (2011). Trauma Symptoms as Predisposing Factors for Body Image Distortion. Individual Differences Research, 9(3) 126-137.
Kochan-Wójcik M. (2011). Experiencing one’s own corporeity vs. the level of differentiation of self. Polish Journal of Applied Psychology 9(2), 71-88.
Kochan-Wójcik M. (2012). Spousal similarities in self-differentiation and corporal self. Polish Journal of Applied Psychology 10(2), 93-108.
Krueger, D. W. (2002). Psychodynamic perspectives on body image. In T. F. Cash & T.
Pruzinsky (Eds.), Body image: A handbook of theory, research, and clinical practice (pp. 30-37). New York: Guilford.
Lawrence, M. (2008). The anorectic mind. London: Karnac Books.
Legrand, D. (2010). Subjective and physical dimensions of bodily self consciousness, and their dis-integration in anorexia nervosa. Neuropsychologia, 48(3), 726-737.
Margasiński A. (2009). Skale Oceny Rodziny (SOR). Polska adaptacja FACES IV - Flexibility and Cohesion Evaluation Scales Davida H. Olsona. Podręcznik / Clinical Rating Scale (CRS). Polish adaptation of the FACES IV - Flexibility and Cohesion Evaluation Scales by David H. Olson. Manual/. Warszawa: Pracownia Testów Psychologicznych.
McKinley, N. M. (1999). Women and objectified body consciousness: mothers’ and daughters’ body experience in cultural, developmental, and familiar context. Developmental psychology, 35, 3, 760-769.
Mirucka, B., Sakson-Obada, O. (2013). Ja cielesne. Od normy do zaburzeń. / Body self. From norms to disturbances/ Gdańsk: GWP.
Ogden, J. and Elder, C. (1998). The role of family status and ethnic group on body image and eating behaviour. International Journal of Eating Disorders 23, 308-315.
Ogden, J. and Steward, J. (2000). The role of the mother daughter relationship in explaining weight concern. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 28, 78-83. Olson, D. H. (1993). Circumplex Model of Marital and Family Systems: Assessing family functioning. In: F. Walsh (Eds.), Normal family processes. New York: Guilford Press, 104-137.
Olson, D. H. (2000). Circumplex Model of Marital and Family Systems. Journal of Family Therapy, 22, 144-167.
Olson, D. H. (2011). FACES IV and the circumplex model: Validation study. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy 3(1), 64-80.
Pike, K.M., Rodin, J. (1991). Mothers, daughters, and disordered eating. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100(2), 198-204.
Sakson - Obada, O. (2009). Pamięć ciała. Ja cielesne w relacji przywiązania i w traumie /Memory of the body. Body self in relation to attachment and trauma/Warszawa: Difin.
Schier, K. (2010). Piękne brzydactwo. Psychologiczna problematyka obrazu ciała i jego zaburzeń /Beautiful eyesore. Psychological issues of body image and its disorders/. Warszawa: Scholar.
Šerifović-Šivert, S., Sinanović, O. (2008). Body Dissatisfaction-Is Age A Factor? Journal Series Philosophy, Psychology and History, 7, 1, 55-61.
Steiger, H., Stotland, S., Trottier, J., & Ghadirian, A. M. (1996). Familial eating concerns and psychopathological traits: Causal implications of transgenerational effects. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 19, 147−157.
Streeck-Fischer, A., & van der Kolk, B.A. (2000). Down will come baby, cradle and all: Diagnostic and therapeutic implications of chronic trauma on child development. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 34, 903-918.
Tiggemann, M. (1999). Body image and ageing. Body Image Research Summaries. Carlton, Vic.: Body Image & Health Inc.
Tiggemann, M. (2002). Body image development: Media influences. In T.F. Cash & T.
Pruzinsky (Eds.), Body images: A handbook of theory, research, and clinical practice. New York: Guilford.
Tiggemann M. (2004). Body image across the adult life span: stability and change. Body Image, 1, 29-41.
Treuer, T., Koperdak, M., Rozsa, S., & Furedi, J. (2005). Europian Eating disorders review, 13, 106-111. Van den Berg, P., Thompson, J.K., Obremski-Brandon, K., Coovert, M. (2002). The Tripartite Influence Model of body image and eating disturbance: A covariance structure modeling investigation testing the mediational role of appearance comparison. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 53(5), 1007-1020.