Projections of Climate Suitability for Wine Production for the Cotnari Wine Region (Romania)

Open access

Abstract

Climate projections have revealed the perspective of changing the climate of the world's wine regions in the coming decades by diversifying heliothermal resources. Research in the Cotnari winegrowing region over the past decade has shown that the local climate has been affected by such developments especially after 1980. This research continues the series of studies on the climate of the Cotnari winegrowing region through projections of the climatic conditions for the 2020-2100 time period based on the RCP 4.5 scenario. Average annual temperature, warmest month temperature, precipitation during the growing season, length of the growing season and the Huglin, IAOe and AvGST bioclimatic indices for the 2020-2050, 2051-2080 and 2081-2100 time periods indicate the evolution of Cotnari area climate towards suitability for red wines and loss of suitability for the white wines. Climatic suitability classes for wine production, shift between 2020-2100 to the higher, cooler zone of the winegrowing region, narrowing down their surface and disappearing successively at the maximum altitude of 315 m asl. They are further replaced from the lower zone by classes specific to warmer climates. The suitability for white wines, specific to wine region, disappears at the maximum altitude of 315 m asl around 2060, being replaced by climate suitability for the red wine production. The average temperature of the growing season will exceed 19.5°C after 2080, becoming unsuitable for the production of red quality wines of Cabernet Sauvingnon variety. After 2050, in the lower zone of the winegrowing region the warm IH5 class, suitable for Mediterranean varieties such as Carignan and Grenache will install, as compared to temperate IH3 class which characterizes today the lower zone and allows the production of white wines of the local Feteasca albă, Grasa de Cotnari, Frâncușa and Tămâioasa românească varieties. The results suggest the need to develop strategies for adapting the viticulture of the Cotnari area to climate change.

Addinsoft (2018), XLSTAT features overview. Available online at: https://www.xlstat.com/en/solutions/features (verified on November 8, 2018)

Brostrom G., Brostrom J. (2008), The Business of Wine: An Encyclopedia. Greenwood Press.

Bucur M., Dejeu L. (2016), Research on Trends in Extreme Weather Conditions and their Effects on Grapevine in Romanian Viticulture. Bulletin UASMV Horticulture 73(2):126-134

Duchêne E., Schneider C. (2005), Grapevine and climatic changes: a glance at the situation in Alsace. Agron Sustain Dev 25: 93–99. doi: 10.1051/agro:2004057

Eccel E., Zollo A.L., Mercogliano P., Zorer R. (2016), Simulations of quantitative shift in bio-climatic indices in the viticultural areas of Trentino (Italian Alps) by an open source R package. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 127, 92-100

ESRI (2018), ArcGIS Desktop Web Help. Available online at: http://desktop.arcgis.com/en/arcmap/ (verified on November 8, 2018).

Hannah L., Roehrdanz P.R., Ikegami M., Shepard A.V., Shaw M.R., Tabor G., Zhi L., Marquet P.A., Hijmans R.J. (2013), Climate change, wine and conservation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 110(17): 6907–6912. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1210127110

Huglin P. (1978), Nouveau mode d’évaluation des possibilités héliothermiques d’un milieu viticole. In: Proc Symp Int sur l’Ecologie de la Vigne. Ministère de l’Agriculture et de l’Industrie Alimentaire, Contança, pp 89–98

IPCC (2014), Climate Change 2014: synthesis report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Core Writing Team, Pachauri RK, Meyer LA, eds.., IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland.

Irimia L.M., Patriche C.V., Murariu O.C. (2018c), Impact of climate change on viticultural potential and specific wine grape varieties of the Averești wine growing region (Romania), Appl Ecol Environ Res, 16(3):2663-2680, http://dx.doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1603_26632680

Irimia L.M., Patriche C.V., Roșca B. (2018b), Climate change impact on climate suitability for wine production in Romania, Theor Appl Climatol, 133: 1, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-017-2156-z

Irimia L.M., Patriche C.V., Quenol H., Sfâcă L., Foss C. (2018a), Shifts in climate suitability for wine production as a result of climate change in a temperate climate wine region of Romania. Theor Appl Climatol. 131:1069, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-017-2033-9

Irimia L.M., Patriche C.V., Roșca B. (2017) Changes in oenoclimate aptitude index characterizing climate suitability of Romanian wine growing regions. Appl Ecol Environ Res, 15(4), 755-767, http://dx.doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1504_755767.

Irimia L.M., Patriche C.V., Quénol H., Planchon O., Sfâcă L. (2014a). Characteristics of the Baseline Climate of the Cotnari (Romania) Wine Growing Region. Cercetări Agronomice în Moldova, 4 (160), pp. 99-111, ISSN 0379-5837.

Irimia L.M., Patriche C.V., Quenol H. (2014). Analysis of viticultural potential and deliniation of homogeneous viticultural zones in a temperate climate region of Romania. J Int Sci Vigne Vin, 48(3):145-167, https://doi.org/10.20870/oenoone.2014.48.3.1576

Jones G.V., White M.A., Cooper O.R., Storchmann K. (2005), Climate change and global wine quality. Clim Change 73:319–343. doi: 10.1007/s10584-005-4704-2

Jones G.V. (2006), Climate and terroir: impacts of climate variability and change on wine. In: Macqueen RW, Meinert LD (eds) Fine wine and terroir - The geoscience perspective. Geoscience Canada Reprint Series No. 9, Geological Association of Canada, St. John’s, Newfoundland

Jones G.V., Hellman E. (2003), Site Assessment: in “Oregon Viticulture” Hellman, E. (ed.), 5th Edition, Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, Oregon, pp. 44–50.

Keller M. (2010), Managing grapevines to optimize fruit development in a challenging environment: a climate change primer for viticulturists. Aust J Grape Wine Res 16:56–69. doi:10.1111/j.1755-0238.2009.00077.x

Kenny G.J., Harrison P.A. (1992), The effects of climate variability and change on grape suitability in Europe. J Wine Res 3(3):163-183

Menzel A., Fabian P. (1999), Growing season extended in Europe. Nature, 397, 659.

Moriondo M., Jones G.V., Bois B., Dibari C., Ferrise R., Trombi G., Bindi M. (2013), Projected shifts of wine regions in response to climate change. Clim Change 119(3):825

Moriondo M., Bindi M., Fagarazzi C., Trombi G. (2011), Framework for high-resolution climate change impact assessment on grapevines at a regional scale. Reg Environ Change 11(3):553-567. doi: 10.1007/s10113-010-0171-z

Neumann P.A., Matzarakis A. (2011), Viticulture in southwest Germany under climate change conditions. Clim Res 47:161–169. doi:10.3354/cr01000

Oşlobeanu M., Macici M., Georgescu M., Stoian V. (1991), Zonarea soiurilor de viţă de vie în România. Ceres Press, Bucharest

Peel M.C., Finlayson B.L., McMahon T.A. (2007), Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 11:1633-1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007

Piticar A., Ristoiu D. (2012), Analysis of air temperature evolution in north-eastern Romania and evidence of warming trend. Carpath J Earth Env 7(4):91-10

Quénol H., Garcia de Cortazar Atauri I., Bois B., Sturman A., Bonnardot V., Le Roux R. (2017), Which climatic modeling to assess climate change impacts on vineyards?. OENO One, 51(2), 91-97. https://doi.org/10.20870/oeno-one.2017.51.2.1869

Quénol H. (2014), Changement climatique et terroirs viticoles, Ed. Lavoisier Tec&Doc (France).

Sfîcă L., Niţă A., Iordache I., Ilie N. (2015), Specific weather conditions on Romanian territory for Hess-Brezowsky westerly circulation type. 15th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geo Conference SGEM 2015, Conference Proceedings, 4:1073-1080.

Sfîcă L., Ichim P., Patriche C.V., Irimia L.M., Oană L. (2014), Cotnari vineyard - a gift of hydraulic foehn, Lucrări Științifice, Seria Agronomie, 1(57), 227-233.

Stock M., Gerstengarbe F.W., Werner P.C. (2005) Reliability of climate change impact assessments for viticulture. Acta Horticulturae 689(689):29-40.

*** https://www.euro-cordex.net/ EURO-CORDEX - Coordinated Downscaling Experiment - European Domain.

Journal Information

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 49 49 8
PDF Downloads 55 55 7