Studies and Research on Natural and Antropic Risk the Moldova’s Lower Course

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Abstract

The paper presents the studies and researches on the natural and anthropic risk parameters on the Moldova riverbed in the Soci area, Iasi County. In this area are located hydrotechnical structures for regulation of the riverbed and shore defence for the protection of the undercrossing of the Timisesti-Iasi adduction pipeline. The theoretical study analyzed hydrological risk parameters (especially liquid and solid flows) recorded over the last 30 years. High flow rates have a high hydroclimatic risk for bed and river construction. Anthropogenic risk parameters were manifested in the morphological modification of the minor riverbed of the Moldova River. An important anthropogenic risk is the uncontrolled exploitation of the ballast in the bed and river banks of Moldova. The effects of this risk contributed to the descent of the bed of the bed at an accelerated pace, along with the erosion of the banks. The accumulation of the effects caused by the natural and the anthropic risks led to important morphological changes in the riverbed of Moldova. These modifications have altered the safety state of the construction of the undercrossing of the Timisesti-Iasi adduction pipeline. The result of the hydrological and also human actions was the degradation of the pipelines until their rupture.

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