Evaluation of Damages Caused by Floods, Based on Satellite Images. Case Study: Jijia River, Slobozia-Dângeni Sector, July 2010

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Abstract

This research aimed to identify flooded areas following the July 2010 floods, using Landsat 7-ETM + satellite imagery and a more efficient way to extract water bodies. By computing several indices, such as MNDWI, NDWI, NDVI, AWI, WRI and NDMI, it was concluded that, in the present case, the NDWI index was most effective, the data obtained having a very good accuracy. The studied area was the Jijia River Slobozia-Dângeni sector, the Landsat 7-ETM + images were taken on July 3, 2010. The flow rate at this time at the Dângeni station was 473 cm, decreasing compared to July 1, 2010 when the share reached 579 cm. The flooded area obtained is 15.80 km2, the maximum extension of the flood area on July 3, 2010 being approx. 1 km on the localities of Durneşti and Sapoveni. The study found 143 houses in 19 localities flooded. Of the total flooded areas, the largest share is held by arable land (44.58%), with a surface area of 7.04 km2.

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