Tracking Sustainable Development in Politically Violent Zones: Need for Framework and Cognizance- Kashmir in Context

Open access


As a conceptual framework, Sustainable Development (SD) intends to improve current Well-Being, while preserving or maintaining the basis for future Well-Being (Solow, 1991). In order to measure Sustainable Development various indicators were chosen, among which health has been considered as an important indicator. As a result, we see a huge focus on health in Sustainable Development frameworks. But, the emphasis of frameworks has been only on the physical and epidemiological factors affecting the health. In contrary, in context of a highly political turmoil zone, it is the psychological well-being that is severely affected. This component of health i.e., psychological well-being is neglected to find a significant place in Sustainable Development frameworks. Since, these frameworks are crucial for national level policy making and it is likely that policies formulated on such frameworks may not replicate the same successful results in every context (such as in Armed Conflict). With such understanding in the background, this paper will show the need to focus on mental health in armed conflict situations in Sustainable Development frameworks. This paper will attempt to show how ignoring mental health in armed conflict situations impede development. The need to develop a holistic framework which focuses on mental health in Armed Conflict situations will be highlighted in context of Kashmir.

Adshead Fiona, Thorpe Allison, Rutter Jill, 2006: Sustainable Development and Public Health: A National Perspective, The Royal Institute of Public Health “Alleged Perpetrators”: A Report Prepared by JKCCS

Amin. Syed, Khan. A. W, 2009: Life in Conflict: Characteristics of Depression in Kashmir

Bossel Hartmut, 1999: Indicators for Sustainable Development: Theory, Method, Applications, International Institute for Sustainable Development, Canada

Bannon Ian, Collier Paul, 2003: Natural resources and violent conflict, The World Bank Briggs. D, Corvalan. C, Nurminen. M, 1996: Linkage Methods for Environment and Health Analysis, WHO

Corvalán F Carlos, Kjellström Tord, Smith Kirk, 1999: Health, Environment and Sustainable Development: Identifying Links and Indicators to Promote Action, Epidemiology Resource Inc.

Dale Ann, Newman Lenore, 2008: Social Capital: A Necessary and Sufficient Condition for Sustainable Community Development, Oxford University Press and Community Development Journal

Dolan Paul, Knight Melanie, Metcalfe Robert, Peasgood Pessa, White Mat, (undated): The relationship between well-being and Sustainable Development

D’ Acci. Luca, 2011: Measuring well-being and progress. Social Indicators Research, Springer Gates. Scott, Hegre. Havard, Nygard. Havard, Strand. Havard, 2012: Development Consequences of Armed Conflict, World Development

Harris M Jonathan, 2000: Basic Principles of Sustainable Development, Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University. (working paper series)

Haines A, Kovats R.S, Lendrum Campbell, Corvalan C, 2006: Climate Change and Human Health: Impacts, Vulnerability and Public Health, Journal of the Royal Institute of Public Health.

Hein, Quota, Thabet, Sarraj, 1993: Trauma and Mental Health of Children in Gaza, British Medical Journal

Ivković Frajman Anita, HamMarija, Mijoč Josipa, 2014: Measuring objective well-being and Sustainable Development Management, Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology Jaipal Rashmi, 2014: Psychological contributions to Sustainable Development, American psychological Association

Kashmir Mental Health Survey-2015: A Report Prepared by MSF

Levrel. Harold, Kerbiriou. Christian, Couvet. Denis, Weber, Jaques, 2009: OECD Pressure-State- ResponseIndicators for Managing Bio Diversity: A Realistic Perspective for a French Bio Sphere Reserve, Biodiversity and Conservation, Springer

Laxaminarayna. Rashmi, Murthy. Srinivasa, 2006: Mental Health Consequences of War: A Brief Review of Research Findings. World Psychiatry

Mitchel G, May A, McDonald A, 1995: PICABUE: a methodological framework for the development of indicators of Sustainable Development, International Journal of Sustainable Development

Martens W.J.M, Slooff R, Jackson E.K, 1997: Climate Change, Human Health and Sustainable Development, Bulletin of World Health Organization

Margoob. M.A, Beg. A.A, Dutta. K.S, 1993: Depressive Disorders in Kashmir; A Changing SocioDemographic and Clinical Profile of Patients over the Past Two Decades. JK Practitioner

Parris M Thomas, Kates W Robert, 2003: Characterizing and measuring Sustainable Development, Annual Review of Environment and Resources

Robert W Kates, Parris M Thomas, Leiserowitz Anthony, 2012: What is Sustainable Development: Goals, Indicators, Values and Practice, Taylor and Francis Group

K. H. Seal, D. Bertenthal, C. R. Sen, C. Marmar, 2007: Bringing the War Back Home Mental Health Disorders Among 103 788 US Veterans Returning from Iraq and Afghanistan Seen at Department of Veterans Affairs Facilities. Arch Intern Med, 167(5)

Karen H. Seal, Thomas J. Metzler, Kristian S. Gima, Daniel Bertenthal, Shira Maguen, and Charles R. Marmar. 2008: Trends and Risk Factors for Mental Health Diagnoses Among Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans Using Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care, 2002-2008. Am J Public Health, 99 (9)

Rather. Farooq, 2013: Armed Conflict in J& K and its Impact on Society: A case study of Kashmir valley, International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications Review of the Sustainable Development Goals: The Science Perspective, Report published by International Council for Science (2015)

Schirnding von Yasmin, 2002: Health and Environment Indicators in the context of Sustainable Development, Canadian Journal of Public Health

Thornicroft Graham, Patel Vikram, 2014: Including mental health among the new Sustainable Development goals, BMJ Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Document of United Nations, 2015 Towards integration at last? The Sustainable Development goals as a network of targets, working paper series 2015, DESA

Votruba Nicole, Eaton Julian, Prince Martin, Thornicrof Graham, 2014: The importance of global mental health for the Sustainable Development Goals, Journal of mental health

Wani. Z.A, Margoob. M.A. 2006: Family Study of Adult PTSD Patients in South Asia: Experiences from Kashmir.JK-Practitioner

Yaswi, A., & Haque, A. 2008: Prevalance of PTSD symptoms and depression and level of coping among the victims of the Kashmir conflict, Journal of Loss and Trauma

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 161 161 9
PDF Downloads 61 61 5