Optimization of Land Use Structure in the Republic of Moldova on the Basis of the Method of Ecological-Economic Balance of the Territory

Open access


The problem of the ecological and economic organization of the territory of the Republic of Moldova and its regions is considered. The assessment of the intensity of the ecological and economic state of the country's territory was carried out and the possibility of optimizing the structure of land use on the basis of improving the balance of various types of land use was shown. It is established that a characteristic feature of the land use structure in Moldova is the dominance of lands with a high anthropogenic load, which occupy 64 % of the country's territory. The indicators of the ecological and economic state of the territory of the country and its regions for the current land use structure and for the proposed variant of its optimization are calculated. The relationship between the relative coefficient of tension of the ecological and economic state and the coefficient of natural protection of the territory is revealed. It is shown that the land use structure developed in Moldova caused a high degree of tension in the ecological and economic state of its territory, which can be reduced by 1.3-2.7 times when implementing the proposed measures.

Kapitalchuk I.P. (2006) The ecological and economic balance of the steppe areas in Moldova // Steppes of Northern Eurasia. Materials of the IVth International symposium, Orenburg, 2006, p. 337-338.

Kapitalchuk I.P., Soloviova Natalia (2014) Ecological-economic status of the territory of Transdniestria in the conditions of transformation of land use. // Problems of regional ecology, 2014, nr. 5, p. 15-19, Moscow.

Kochurov B.I. (1999) Geoecology: ecodiagnostics and ecological-economic balance of the territory. Smolensk, 1999, 154 p.

Kochurov B.I. (2003) Ecodiagnostics and sustainable development. Moscow-Smolensk: Madzhenta, 2003, 384 p.

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 45 45 24
PDF Downloads 14 14 9