Wooden Species in the Urban Green Areas and their Role in Improving the Quality of the Environment

Open access


The purpose of this paper is to underline the role of some wooden species in different units of green areas in Iasi municipality in improving the quality of the environment. By regular visits in the field, we have identified the wooden species frequent in different areas; based on the bibliography in the field, we underlined the ecological characteristics, the resistance to unfavourable climate factors, and the role of these species in improving the quality of the environment. Most species taken into account are resistant to extremely cold weather and to drought; are considered resistant (Acer negundo, Acer pseudoplatanus, Hibiscus syriacus, Ligustrum vulgare) or present moderate resistance (Aesculus hippocastanum, Acer platanoides, Philadelphus coronarius) to polluting elements in the atmosphere. The wooden species considered in this study have profound influence on the environment: they regulate the urban microclimate; they contribute to the concentration reduction of some atmospheric pollutants, the noise level; they improve the edaphical conditions and contribute to the soil consolidation. Some species can be used as bio-monitors of the pollution in urban areas.

Aksoy, A., Sahin U., (1999), Elaeagnus angustifolia L. as a biomonitor of heavy metal pollution, Tr. J. of Bot., 23, 83-87.

Aksoy A., Sahin U., Duman F., (2000), Robinia pseudo-acacia L. as a posssible biomonitor of heavy metal pollution in Kayseri, Turk. J. Bot., 24, 279 - 284.

Bolea V., Chira D., Popa M., Mantale C., Pepelea D., Gancz D., Surdu Aurelia, Iacoban Carmen, (2006), Arborii bioindicatori și biacumulatori de sinteză în ecosistemul forestier, Analele ICAS, 49, 67-77.

Calfapietra C., Fares S., Manes F., Morani A., Sgringa G., Loreta F., (2013), Role of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC) emitted by urban trees on ozone concentration in cities, A review, Environmental pollution, 183, 71 - 80.

Ciocarlan V., (2000), Flora ilustrată a României (Pteridophyta et Spermatophyta), Ed. Ceres, București, 1140 pp.

Clinovschi F., (2005), Dendrologie, Ed. Universității, Suceava, 35-69, 83-279.

Doniță N., Ceianu I., Beldie A., (1977), Ecologie forestieră (cu elemente de ecologie generală), Ed. Ceres, București, 110, 267-273

Dumitriu - Tătăranu I., (1960), Arbori și arbuști forestieri și ornamentali cultivați în R. P. R., Ed. Agro-Silvică, București, 810 pp

Erdogan E., Yazgan E. M., (2009), Landscaping in reducing traffic noise problem in cities: Ankara case, African Journal of Agricultural Research, 4,10, 1015-1022.

Giorgi N. J., Zafiriades K., (2006), The impact of park trees on microclimate in urban areas, Urban Ecosyst, 9, 195 – 209.

Givoni B., Noguchi M, Saaroni H., Pochter O., Yaacov Y., Feller N., Becker S., (2003), Outdoor comfort research issues, Energy and Buildings, 35, 77-86.

Grimm N.B., Faeth S.H., Golubiewski N. E., Redman C.L., Wu J., Bai X., Briggs J.M., (2008), Global change and ecology of cities, Science, 319,756 - 760.

Iliescu Ana Felicia, (1998), Arboricultură ornamentală, Ed. Ceres, București, 26-47, 233 - 387

Ionescu A., (1982), Fenomenul de poluare și măsuri antipoluante în agricultură, Ed. Ceres, București, 164-175,197-203.

Kurteva Maya, Stambolieva Katerina, (2007), Acer pseudoplatanus L., Acer platanoides L. and Betula pendula Roth. as bioindicators of urban pollution in Sofia, Silva Balcanica, 8, 1, 32 – 46.

Makhelouf A., (2009), The effect of green spaces on urban climate and pollution, Iran. J. Environ. Health. Sci. Eng., 6, 1, 35 - 40.

Makhelouf A., (2013), The contribution of urban green spaces in the regulation of the microclimate and the improvement of the air quality in cities, Asian Journal of Current Engineering and Maths, 2, 190 - 195.

Mănescu S., Cucu M., Diaconescu Mona Ligia, (1994), Chimia sanitară a mediului, Ed. Medicală, București, 174-187.

Mitchell R., Maher B. A., Kinnersley R., (2010), Rates of particulate pollution deposition onto leaf surfaces: temporal and inter-species magnetic analysis, Environmental Pollution, doi:10.1016/j.envpol.200912.029.

Nowak D. J., Mettale P. J., Ibarra M., Crane D., Stevens J. C., Luley C. J., (1998), Modeling the effects of urban vegetation on air pollution, Air Pollution Modeling and its Applications, XII, 399-407.

Oroian I. Gh., Covrig I., Viman Oana, Odagiu Antonia, Burduhos P., Milășan A., Șulea C., (2012), Testing biomonitoring capacity of trees from urban areas. A case study: Cu, Cd, Pb, Zn pollution in Cluj - Napoca, reflected by foliar accumulation of five species located within intense traffic area. Note 1. Results recorded in 2010, ProEnvironment, 5, 195-199.

Petrova Slaveya, Iurukova Lilyana, Velcheva Iliana, (2014), Possibilities of using deciduous tree species in trace element biomonitoring in an urban area (Plovdiv, Bulgaria), Atmospheric Pollution Research, 5, 196 - 202.

Petrova Slaveya, Iurukova Lilyana, Velcheva Iliana, (2012), Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L.) as a biomonitor of air pollution in the town of Plovdiv (Bulgaria), J. BioSci. Biotech., 1, 3, 241 - 247.

Saebo A., Popek R., Nawrot B., Hanslim H. M., Gawronska H., Gawronski S. W., (2012), Plant species differences in particulate matter accumulation on leaf surfaces, Science of the Total Environment, 427 – 428, 347 - 354.

Simon E., Braun M., Vidic A., Bogió D., Fábián I., Tóthmérész B., (2011), Air pollution assesment based on elemental concentration of leaves tissue and foliage dust along an urbanization gradient in Vienna, Environmental Pollution, 159, 1229-1233.

Smejkal G., (1982), Pădurea și poluarea industrială, Ed. Ceres, București, 13-25, 170-179.

Sonea V., Palade L., Iliescu Ana Felicia, (1979), Arboricultură ornamentală și arhitectură peisageră, Ed. Didactică și Pedagogică, București, 40 - 158, 203 - 205.

Souch C.A., Souch C., (1993), The effect of trees on summertime below canopy urban climates: a case study Bloomington, Indiana, Journal of Arboriculture, 19, 5, 303 - 312.

Tomašević M., Aničić M., (2010), Trace element content in urban tree leaves and semedax characterisation of deposited particles, Facta Universitatis, Series: Physics, Chemistry and Technology, 8, 1, 1 - 13.

Wang B., Qiu Y. L., (2006), Phylogenetic distribution and evolution of mycorrhizas in land plants, Mycorrhiza, 16, 299 - 363.

Yang J., McBride J., Zhou J., Sun Z., (2005), The urban forest in Beijing and its role in air pollution reduction, Urban Forestry&Urban Greening, 3, 65-78.

Yang F., Zhu Z., Liu J., (2010), The investigation of noise attenuation by plants and the corresonding noise-reducing-spectrum, Journal of Environmental Health, 72, 8, 8-15.

Zanoschi V., Sârbu I., Toniuc Angela, (1996), Flora lemnoasă spontană și cultivată din Romania, Încrengătura Angiospermatophyta, vol. I, Ed. Glasul Bucovinei, Iași, 82-107

Zanoschi V., Sârbu I., Toniuc Angela, (2000), Flora lemnoasă spontană și cultivată din Romania, Încrengătura Angiospermatophyta, vol. II, Ed. Univ. „Al. I. Cuza”, Iași, 19 - 38, 57 - 79. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/life/project/Projects/index.cfm?fuseaction=home.showFile&rep=file&fil=UrbEco_Leaflet.pdf

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 84 84 15
PDF Downloads 28 28 4