Euglenoids from the El Farafra Oasis (Western Desert, Egypt)

Open access


The paper reports the first detailed study of the diversity of euglenoids recorded from the El Farafra Oasis in the Western Desert of Egypt. Four of the 20 identified species are new records for the Egyptian algal flora: the colorless Peranema inflexum Skuja, and the three pigmented species Euglena adhaerens Matv., Phacus crassus Zakryś & M. Łukomska and Ph. cristatus Zakryś & M. Łukomska. A brief description and original documentation are given for each reported morphospecies.

Amarouche-Yala S., Benouadah A., Bentabet A. & López- García P. 2014. Morphological and phylogenetic diversity of thermophilic cyanobacteria in Algerian hot springs. Extremophiles 18(6): 1035-1047.

Bellinger E. G. & Sigee D. C. 2010. Freshwater Algae: Identification and Use as Bioindicators. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, UK.

Bere T. & Mangadze T. 2014. Diatom communities in streams draining urban areas: community structure in relation to environmental variables. Trop. Ecol. 55(2): 271-281.

Cantonati M., Saber A. A., Blanco S., El-Gamal D. A., Shehata F. E. & El-Refaey A. E. A. 2016. Seminavis aegyptiaca sp. nov., a new epilithic diatom species from the estuary of the Damietta Branch of the River Nile (Egypt). In: Pienitz R. & C. Zimmermann (eds), 24th International Diatom Symposium (program and abstracts), 21st-26th August 2016, p. 159. Université Laval, Quebec City, Canada.

Chapman H. D. & Pratt P. F. 1978. Methods of analysis for soil, plants and water. Division of Agricultural Sciences, University of California, Oakland, CA.

Ciugulea I. & Triemer R. E. 2010. A color atlas of photosynthetic euglenoids. Michigan State University Press, East Lansing.

Clescerl L. S., Greenberg A. E. & Eaton A. D. (eds) 2001 Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 20th edition. American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C.

Compére P. 1975. Algues de la région du lac Tchad. III- Rhodophycées, Euglenophycées, Cryptophycées, Dinophycées, Chrysophycées, Xanthophycées. Cah. O.R.S.T.O.M., ser. Hydrobiol. 9(3): 167-192.

Conrad W. & Van Meel L. 1952. Matériaux pour une monographie de Trachelomonas Ehrenberg, C., 1834; Strombomonas

Deflandre, G., 1930 et Euglena Ehrenberg, C., 1832, genres d‘Eugléancées. Mém. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique 124: 1-176.

Couté A. & Iltis A. 1981. Ultrastructure stéréoscopique de la logette de Trachelomonas récoltés en Côte d’Ivoire. Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 14(2): 115-133.

Da K. P., Mascarell G. & Couté A. 2009. Étude au microscope électronique balayage du genre Trachelomonas (Euglenophyta) dans le Sud-Est de la Côte d’Ivoire. Cryptog. Algol. 30(1): 31-90.

Duangjan K., Wołowski K. & Peerapornpisal Y. 2014. New records of Phacus and Monomorphina taxa (Euglenophyta) for Thailand. Polish Bot. J. 59(2): 235-247.

Edger R. K., Saleh A. I. & Edger S. M. 2015. A morphometric diagnosis using continuous characters of Pinnunavis edkuensis, sp. nov. (Bacillariophyta: Bacillariophyceae), a brackish-marine species from Egypt. Phytotaxa 212(1): 1-56.

El Bastawesy M. & Ali R. R. 2013. The use of GIS and remote sensing for the assessment of waterlogging in the dryland irrigated catchments of Farafra oasis, Egypt. Hydrological Processes 27: 206-216.

El-Kassas H. & Gharib S. M. 2016. Studies on spatio-temporal dynamics of phytoplankton in Burullus lagoon, southern Mediterranean coast, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Experimental Biology (Botany) 12(2): 255-266.

El-Naghy M. A., El-Shahed A. M., Fathi A. A. & Ahmed G. G. 2004. Algal flora of rice fields at El-Kharga Oasis, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Phycology 5: 51-69.

El-Otify A. M. 2015. Water quality assessment of irrigation and drainage systems on the basis of phytoplankton analysis. Catrina 11(1): 9-16.

El-Otify A. M., Shafik H. M. & Szőke E. 2003. Analyses of physico-chemical characteristics and phytoplankton communities of Lake Nasser during the last two decades. Acta Bot. Hung. 45(1-2): 75-100.

Elsheikh A. E. 2015. Mitigation of groundwater level deterioration of the Nubian Sandstone aquifer in Farafra Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt. Environmental Earth Sciences 74(3): 2351-2367.

Gaballa M. M. 2014. Phytoplankton and environmental variables as water quality indicators for El-Temsah Lake, Suez Canal, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Experimental Biology (Botany) 10(1): 79-85.

Gerrath J. & Denny P. 1979. Freshwater algae of Sierra Leone. I. Euglenophyta. Nova Hedwigia 31: 525-565.

Janse van Vuuren S. & Taylor J. C. 2016. A first record of Aulacoseira ambigua f. japonica (F. Meister) Tuji & D.M. Williams in South African freshwaters. African J. Aquatic Sci. 41(4): 369-375.

Kadiri M. O. 1992. Freshwater algae of West Africa. A bibliography, 1956-1991. Polsk. Arch. Hydrobiol. 39: 191-203.

Kadiri M. O. 2004. African freshwater algae a bibliographic up-date. Acta Bot. Hung. 46(1-2): 179-200.

Kadiri M. O. & Opute F. I. 2000. Euglenoids of the Ikpoba reservoir, Nigeria. Biologia (Bratislava) 55(4): 351-355.

Kemka M., Njiné T., Zébazé-Togouet S. H., Niyitegeka, Nola M., Monkiedje A., Demanou J. & Foto Menbohan S. 2004. Phytoplankton of the Yaounde municipal lake (Cameroon) ecological succession and populations structure. Rev. Sci. Eau 17(3): 301-316.

Khairy H. M., Shaltout K. H., El-Sheekh M. M. & Eassa D. I. 2015. Algal diversity of the Mediterranean lakes in Egypt. In: International Conference on Advances in Agricultural, Biological & Environmental Sciences (AABES-2015), July 22-23 2015, London (United Kingdom), pp. 127-135. London.

Levanets A. & van Rensburg L. 2010. Non-marine algae of Africa. A bibliography (1799-2010). AndCork Publishers, Potchefstroom, Republic of South Africa.

Łukomska-Kowalczyk M., Karnkowska A., Milanowski R., Łach Ł. & Zakryś B. 2015. Delimiting species in the Phacus longicauda complex (Euglenida) through morphological and molecular analyses. J. Phycol. 51(6): 1147-1157.

Mansour H. A., Shaaban A. M. & Saber A. A. 2015. Effect of some environmental factors on the distributions and chlorophyll contents of fresh water phytoplankton of the River Nile before El-Qanater El-Khairia Barrage, Egypt. Egypt. J. Bot. 55(1): 45-60.

Nguetsop V. F., Fonkou T., Nangstong V. M. & Pinta J. Y. 2007. Relationships between algae taxa and physico-chemical characteristic of water in wetlands and water bodies. Cameroon Journal of Experimental Biology 3(2): 70-79.

Płachno B. J., Wołowski K., Augustynowicz J. & Łukaszek M. 2015. Diversity of algae in a thallium and other heavy metals-polluted environment. Ann. Limnol. 51(2): 139-146.

Poniewozik M. 2009. Taxonomical diversity within Trachelomonas genus in a former, small clay-pit. Fragm. Florist. Geobot. Polonica 16(2): 415-424 (in Polish with English summary).

Powell O. & Fensham R. 2016. The history and fate of the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer springs in the oasis depressions of the Western Desert, Egypt. Hydrogeology Journal 24(2): 395-406.

Powell O., Silcock J. & Fensham R. 2015. Oases to oblivion: the rapid demise of springs in the south-eastern Great Artesian Basin, Australia. Groundwater 53(1):171-178.

Saber A. A. 2010. Algal biodiversity of Rosetta branch of River Nile. M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

Saber A. A. & Cantonati M. 2016. The phycological biodiversityof springs and wells in Egyptian oases, and first attempts to use it for assessment purposes. In: 33rd International Society of Limnology (SIL) Congress, 31st July-5th August 2016, p. 312. Torino, Italy.

Saber A.A., Ichihara K. & Cantonati M. 2016. Molecular phylogeny and detailed morphological analysis of two freshwater Rhizoclonium strains from contrasting spring types in Egypt and Italy. Plant Biosystems (2016): 1-13. DOI: 10.1080/11263504.2016.1211195.

Shaaban A. S. 1985. The algal flora of Egyptian oases. II. On the algae of Siwa oasis. Proceedings of Egyptian Botanical Society 4: 1-10.

Shaaban A. S. 1994. Freshwater algae of Egypt. The United Nations Environmental Programme, National Biodiversity Unit, Biological Diversity of Egypt. GF/6105-92-02-2205.

Shaaban A. S. & El Habibi A. I978. The algal flora of Egyptian oases. I. The algal flora of Kharga oasis. Bulletin of Desert Institute 28(1): 227-232.

Shaaban A. S., Hamed A. F. & Fumanti B. 1997. The algal flora of Egyptian Oases. III. The algal flora of the thermal springs of Bahariya oasis. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries 1(1): 85-98.

Shaaban A. S., Mansour H. A. & Saber A. A. 2015. Unveiling algal biodiversity of El-Farafra Oasis (Western Desert, Egypt) and potential relevance of its use in water bioassessment: special interest on springs and drilled wells. Egyptian Journal of Phycology 16: 47-75.

Shaaban A. S., Cantonati M., Mansour H. A. & Saber A. A. 2013. Diatoms from different freshwater habitats of El-Farafra Oasis (Egypt), with special attention to wells and hot springs. In: F. Rimet, A. Bouchez, L. Ector & B. Montuelle (eds), 32čme Colloque de l’Association des Diatomistes de Langue Française & 7th Central European Diatom Meeting, 16th-20th September 2013, pp. 207-209. Thonon-les-Bains, France.

Starmach K. 1983. Euglenophyta. Flora Slodkowodna Polski. 3. Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Kraków.

Taylor J. C., Cocquyt C. & Mayama S. 2016. New and interesting Eunotia (Bacillariophya) taxa from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, tropical central Africa. Plant Ecology and Evolution 149(3): 291-307.

Touliabah H., Shafik H. M., Gab-Allah M. M. & Taylor W. C. 2002. Phytoplankton and some abiotic features of El-Bardawil Lake, Sinai, Egypt. African J. Aquatic Sci. 27(2): 97-105.

Triemer R. E. & Zakryś B. 2015. Photosynthetic Euglenoids. In: J. Wehr, R. Sheath & J. P. Kociolek (eds), Freshwater Algae of North America, 2nd ed., pp. 459-483. Elsevier, Amsterdam etc. van Oye P. 1924. Note sur l’Euglena acus Ehrenberg. Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 56(2): 124-132.

van Oye P. 1927. Le genre Trachelomonas au Congo Belge. Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 59(2): 164-185.

Varol M. & Şen B. 2016. New records of Euglenophyceae for Turkish freshwater algae. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 16(2): 219-225.

Voss C. I. & Soliman S. M. 2014. The transboundary nonrenewable Nubian Aquifer System of Chad, Egypt, Libya and Sudan: classical groundwater questions and parsimonious hydrogeologic analysis and modeling. Hydrogeology Journal 22(2): 441-468.

Wołowski K. 1998. Taxonomic and environmental study on euglenophytes of the Kraków-Częstochowa upland (southern Poland). Fragm. Florist. Geobot. Suppl. 6: 1-192.

Wołowski K. 2011. Phylum Euglenophyta. In: D. M. John, B. A. Whitton & A. Brook (eds), The freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles, 2nd ed., pp. 181-239. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Wołowski K. 2012. Euglenophytes from a fishpond in the Republic of Cameroon (West-Central Africa). In: K. Wołowski, I. Kaczmarska, J. M. Ehrman & A. Z. Wojtal (eds), Current advances in algal taxonomy and its applications: phylogenetic, ecological and applied perspective, pp. 175-183. W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków.

Wołowski K. & Hindák F. 2005. Atlas of Euglenophytes. Veda, Bratislava.

Wołowski K., Poniewozik M. & Walne P. L. 2013. Pigmented euglenophytes of the genera Euglena, Euglenaria, Lepocinclis, Phacus and Monomorphina from the southeastern United States. Polish Bot. J. 58(2): 659-685.

Zongo F., Mascarell G. & Couté A. 2006. Strombomonas guinkoi sp. nova (Euglenophyta), une nouvelle euglénophycée d’eau douce du Burkina Faso (Afrique de l’Ouest). Algol. Stud. 119: 17-27.

Journal Information

CiteScore 2017: 0.39

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.258
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.414


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 268 265 7
PDF Downloads 116 115 10