A New Method for the Calculation of Energy and Power Requirements of Bucket Wheel Excavators

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Abstract

The bucket wheel excavator (BWE) is a continuous working rock harvesting device which removes the rock by means of buckets armoured with teeth, mounted on the wheel and which transfers rock on a main hauling system (generally a belt conveyor). The wheel rotates in a vertical plane and swings in the horizontal plane and raised / descended in the vertical plane by a boom. In this paper we propose a graphical-numerical method in order to calculate the power and energy requirements of the main harvesting structure (the bucket wheel) of the BWE. This approach - based on virtual models of the main working units of bucket wheel excavators and their working processes - is more convenient than those based on analytical formulas and simplification hypotheses, and leads to improved operation, reduced energy consumption, increased productivity and optimal use of available actuating power.

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