Noncontact Method of Conducting Elements “Writing” on Insulating Ge–Sb–Te Matrix Using a Laser Beam

Open access


Direct writing of low resistance wires on an amorphous Ge-Sb-Te matrix is reported. A 1342 nm continuous wave laser was used for local heating of the sample to form these wires. Mechanical contact was not needed for making the conducting elements. The properties of the samples were investigated down to 1.4 K and the laser conditions required for the writing of low resistance GST wires were found. The results are discussed with a view to possible applications, such as connectors and electrical wires made only via remote light exposure of the samples to make different resistors and non-linear elements

[1] Siegrist T., Jost P., Volker H., Woda M., Merkelbach P., Schlockermann C., Wuttig M., Nat. Mater., 10 (2011), 202.

[2] Zhang W., Thiess A., Zalden P., Zeller R., Dederichs P.H., Raty J.-Y., Wuttig M., Blugel S., Mazzarello R., Nat. Mater., 11 (2012), 952.

[3] Nukala P., Agarwal R., Qian X., Jang M.H., Dhara S., Kumar K., Johnson A.T.C., Li J., Agarwal R., Nano Lett., 14 (2014), 2201.

[4] Siegert K.S., Lange F.R.L., Sittner E.R., Volker H., Schlockermann C., Siegirst T., Wuttig M., Rep. Prog. Phys., 78 (2015), 013001.

[5] Brezenay N.P., Volker H., Palevski A., Mazzarello R., Kapitulnik A., Wuttig M., Phys. Rev. B, 86 (2012), 205302.

[6] Zalden P., Siegert K.S., Rols S., Fischer H.E., Schlich F., Hu T., Wuttig M., Chem. Meter., 26 (2014), 2307.

[7] Lencer D., Salinga M., Grabowski B., Hickel T., Neugebauer J., Wuttig M., Nat. Mater., 7 (2008), 972.

[8] Xu M., Cheng Y.Q., Wang L., Sheng H.W., Meng Y., Yang W.G., Han X.D., Ma E., Proc. Natl. Aacad. Sci.Usa, 109 (2012), E105 [9] Sun Z., Zhou J., Pan Y., Song Z., Mao H.-K., Ahuja R., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. Usa, 108 (2011), 10410.

[10] Xu M., Zhang W., Mazzarello R., Wuttig M., Adv. Sci., 2 (2015), 1500117.

[11] Kalkan B., Sen S., Cho J.-Y., Joo Y.-C., Clark S.M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 101 (2012), 151906.

[12] Greenberg E., Hen B., Layek S., Pozin I., Friedman R., Shelukhin V., Rosenberg Y., Karpovski M., Pasternak M.P., Sterer E., Dagan Y., Rozenberg G.Kh., Palevski A., Phys. Rev. B, 95 (2017), 064514.

[13] Li P., Yang X., Mass T.W.W., Hanss J., Lewin M., Michel A.-K.U., Wuttig M., Taubner T., Nat. Mater, 15 (2016), 870.

[14] Siegel J., Gawelda W., Puerto D., Dorronsoro C., Solis J., Afonso C.N., Sande De J.C.G., Bez R., Pirovano A., Wiemer C., J. Appl. Phys., 103 (2008), 023516.

[15] Loke D., Lee T.H., Wang W.J., Shi L.P., Zhao Y.C., Chong T.C., Elliott S.R., Science, 336 (2012), 1566.

[16] Rios C., Stegmaier M., Hosseini P., Wang D., Scherer T., Wright C.D., Bhaskaran H., Pernice W.H.P., Nat. Photonics, 9 (2015), 725.

[17] Wuttig M., Yamada N., Nat. Mater., 6 (2007), 824.

[18] Tseng A.A., Chen K., Chen C.D., Ma K.J., Ieee Trans. Electron. Packag. Manuf., 26 (2), (2003), 141.

[19] Pernice W.H.P., Bhaskaran H., Appl. Phys. Lett., 101 (2012), 171101.

[20] Nissim Y.I., Lietoila A., Gold R.B., Gibbons J.F., J. Appl. Phys., 51 (1980), 274.

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.854
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.794

CiteScore 2017: 0.90

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.275
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.471


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 50 50 17
PDF Downloads 43 43 13