A theoretical study of electronic structures and optical properties of GaInNAs/GaAs quantum wells has been performed. The inhomogeneous distributions of indium and nitrogen atoms along the growth direction were discussed as the main factors having significant impact on the QWs absorption efficiency. The study was performed by applying the band anticrossing model combined with the envelope function formalism and based on the material parameters which can be found in the literature. Indeed, the electronic band structure of 15 nm thick uniform Ga0.7In0.3N0.02As0.98/GaAs QW was computed together with electronic structures of several types of inhomogeneous QWs, with the same total content of In and N atoms. It was found that presented inhomogeneities lead to significant quantum wells potential modifications and thus to spatial separation of the electrons and holes wave functions. On the other hand, these changes have a significant impact on the absorption coefficient behavior. This influence has been studied on the basis of simulated photoreflectance spectra, which probe the absorption transitions between QW energy subbands. The electronic structure of inhomogeneous QWs under the influence of electric field has also been studied. Two different senses of electric field vector (of p-i-n and n-i-p junctions) have been considered and thus, the improvement of such types of QWs-photodetectors based on inhomogeneous GaInNAs QWs has been proposed.
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