Influence of electrical stress on printed polymer resistors filled with carbon nanomaterials

Open access

Abstract

Superior electrical properties of carbon nanotubes were utilized by the authors in the fabrication of printed resistors. In common applications such as electrodes or sensors, only basic electrical and mechanical properties are investigated, leaving aside other key parameters related to the stability and reliability of particular elements. In this paper we present experimental results on the properties of printed resistive layers. One of the most important issues is their stability under high currents creating excessive thermal stresses. In order to investigate such behavior, a high direct current stress test was performed along with the observation of temperature distribution that allowed us to gain a fundamental insight into the electrical behavior at such operating conditions. These experiments allowed us to observe parametric failure or catastrophic damage that occurred under excessive supply parameters. Electrical parameters of all investigated samples remained stable after applying currents inducing an increase in temperature up to 130 °C and 200 °C. For selected samples, catastrophic failure was observed at the current values inducing temperature above 220 °C and 300 °C but in all cases the failure was related to the damage of PET or alumina substrate. Additional experiments were carried out with short high voltage pulse stresses. Printed resistors filled with nanomaterials sustained similar voltage levels (up to 750 V) without changing their parameters, while commonly used graphite filled polymer resistors changed their resistance value.

[1] Domingos H., Wunsch D., IEEE Transactions on Parts, Hybrids, and Packaging, 11,3 (1975), 225. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPHP.1975.1135067

[2] Amerasekera A., Van Den Abeelen W., Van Roozendaal L., Hannemann M., Schofield P., IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 39,2 (1992), 430. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/16.121703

[3] Wunsch D., 3 rdEOS/ESD Symposium Proceedings, (1981), 167.

[4] Wei B., Vajtai R., Ajayan P., Applied Physics Letters, 79,8 (2001), 1172. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1396632

[5] Hong S., Myung S., Nature Nanotechnology, 2,4 (2007), 207. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2007.89

[6] Kozlowski J. M., Tancula M., Electrocomponent Science and Technology, 9 (1982), 185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/APEC.9.185

[7] Szeloch R. F., Brydak K., Borek R., Dziedzic A., Golonka L., Proc. RELECTRONIC’ 88, 7 thSymp on Reliability in Electronics, Budapest (1988), 606.

[8] Dziedzic A., Grubowarstwowe rezystywne mikrokompozyty polimerowo-węglowe, Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Wrocławskiej, Wrocław, 2001.

[9] Słoma M. et al., Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol. 22, N. 9 (2010), 1321.

[10] Sibiński M., Znajdek K., Walczak S., Słoma M., Górski M., Cenian A., Materials Science and Engineering: B, Vol. 177,I. 15 (2012), 1292.

[11] Sibiński M., Jakubowska M., Znajdek K., Słoma M., Guzowski B., Optica Applicata, Vol. 41, N. 2 (2011), 375.

[12] Jakubowska M., Słoma M., Młożniak A., Materials Science and Engineering: B, Vol. 176,I. 4 (2011), 358.

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.854
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.794



CiteScore 2017: 0.90

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.275
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.471

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 413 413 108
PDF Downloads 453 453 131