Wat Poramaiyigawas: The Reflection of Mon Identity during the Transition from Old to New Siam

Open access


This research has studied Wat Poramaiyigawas with the objective to study Mon identity in Siam context through Buddhist architecture during the transition from Old to New Siam. The essence of this research is set upon the concept of Stuart Hall's Representation Theory which indicates that architecture is constructed with the purpose to express the creator's concept, with the method of studying related historical information and physical field study. Wat Poramaiyigawas had been abandoned before it was restored by the Mon immigrants in Thonburi Kingdom until it was later sponsored by Siamese aristocrats for major reconstruction. During the social transition from a conservative society to a modern one which had the Western world as the prototype, temple reconstruction or building of the Mon the subordinates of Siam where changes were taking place, the Mon had to follow Siamese aristocrats' view showing not only for the purpose of ideological significance of their belief or Buddhist function, but also was the venue for creating the ideological and conceptual meaning which were created symbolically through art and architecture according to views reflecting identity of the creator in that period than Mon people who were the real users.

Bunjoon, O. (2007). Mon Woman in the Royal Court of Siam during Ratanakosin Period 1782-1932. Thesis of Master Degree of Arts Program in Thai History. Bangkok: Srinakharinwirot University.

Chaturawong, C. (2011). The Architecture of Mon Buddhist Monasteries in Lower Burma. Bangkok: E.T.Publishing.

Hall, S., ed.(1997).Representation : Cultural representations and signifying practices.London: Sage.

Hongsakaola, N. (2005) Main Pagoda Mon-Mynmar Style of Wat Poramayikawas Pak kret Nonthaburi. Project of Bacherlor Degree of Art History. Bangkok : Silpakorn University.

Jiratatsanakul, S., Jaturawong, C., Supasiri, C. (2004). Architectural Forms of Buddhist Temples in Local Communties.Local Wisdom in Houses, Communities and Cultural Ecology for Sustainable Living of Thai People in Western Region.Sub-Project 4. Silpakorn University Research and Development Institute 2004. Nakon Pathom: Silpakorn University Press.

Leksukhum, S. (2001).The Mural Paintings in King Rama III Reign : Change of Thought Change in Expression.Research Sponsorship from National Research Council of Thailand. Bangkok : National Research Council of Thailand.

Mon studies. (2015). The Junk that Carried Tripitaka from Jambudvipa to Suwannabhumi. [Online] Available: https://web.facebook.com/RamannMon/posts (May 5, 2015)

Naruepiti, W. (2017). Politics in Buddha Image. Bangkok: Matichon.

Ocharoen, S. (1976). The Mons in Thailand: an analysis of their status and role in Thai society from the mid Ayudhya to the early Ratanakosin period. Thesis of Master Degree of Art. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University.

Paknam , N. (2000). The Mural Paintings at The Palace. Bangkok : Muang Boran.

Paknam , N. (2003). Wat Poramayikawas. Bangkok : Muang Boran.

Phinthuphan, H. (2004). History of Nonthaburi. Bangkok : Odean Store.

Prakitnonthakarn, C. (2003) From Old- Siam to New-Thai: Social and Political Meanings in Architecture During 1892-1957. Thesis of Master Degree of Architecture. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University.

Prakitnonthakarn, C. (2006). Society and Politics in Architecture from Old Siam to New Siam 1851-1947. Journal of Architectural History and Thai Architecture, 3(4) , 37

Prakitnonthakarn, C. (2007). Politics and Society in Siam's Architectural Art during Thai Nationalism. Bangkok: Matichon.

Prakitnonthakarn, C. (2015). Politics in Architecture during King Rama I. Bangkok: Matichon.

Saisingha, S. (2008). Artisan in King Rama III reign. Bangkok: Matichon.

Saisingha, S. (2013).Buddhist Art in Rattanakosin Artist Development and Altered Concept. Bangkok: Muang Boran.

Saisingha, S. (2014). Myanmar Art. Bangkok: Matichon.

Santisombut, Y. (2013). Human and Cuiture. Bangkok: Thammasat Printing House.

Sattayanurak, A. (1995). Changes in Worldview of Thai Aristocrats from King RamaIV reign to 1932. Bangkok : Chulalongkorn University Press.

Sattayanurak , S. (2015). A Research to Construct New Knowledge of "Thai Social History". Bangkok : The Thailand Research Fund

Somboon, T. (2005). Symbolic Significance in Wat Benchamabophit Dusitvanaram. Ramkhamhaeng Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 8(2), 74-89.

Soomjinda, P. (2014). Phra Jomklao Decoding. Bangkok: Matichon.

Thavornthanasarn, W. (1987). Thai Leaders in King Rama III with Western Culture Acceptance, Art & Culture Magazine, 8(11), 116- 128.

The Secretariat of the Cabinet. (2003). Thai Royal Decoration. Bangkok: Amarin Printing & Publishing.

Tingsanchali, C. (2011) The New Issues about of Pagoda Mon-Mynmar Style in Thailand. Research Sponsorship from Silpakorn University Research and Development Institute. Bangkok: Silpakorn University Research and Development Institute.