Historical Studies on Sarak Values and their Implementation in Gowa

Open access

Abstract

The study examined historical sense of sarak values and their implementation in Gowa, including the concept of sarak as a part of pangngadakkang element, Gowa people’s understanding about sarak as pangngadakkan element, and the implementation of sarak values among Gowa people. This is a qualitative descriptive research implementing field research method. In order to find out the actualization of sarak in Gowa, it also used historical approach as the main method in the research. The data obtained in this study were processed and analyzed in a deductive, inductive, and comparative way. The study found out that sarak is Islamic law as well as pangngadakkang element which is determined after Islam exists and is accepted by the people of Gowa. The implementation of sarak in Gowa is loaded with intellectual, moral, social, and ritual values. Spiritual values related to humanism contain aspects of the sanctity of life. Intellectual value is found in the history that in the era of Gowa Kingdom local people have reached high intellectual capacity. The teachings of sarak also set social values which mainly include on procedures of men relation in the law of family and muamalah. Ritual value is also the most prominent aspect as reflected in palili and attumate ceremony. The research indicated the significance of preserving sarak values as the element of pangngadakkang as long as it does not conflict with the teachings of Islam, for it symbolizes identity of a community that has been bequeathed by the glory of the past.

Al-Qur’ān al-Karīm

Abdullah, A.H. (2005). The Bugis Makassar; An Overview Of Patterns of Behavior and Human Worldview Bugis-Makassar. Jakarta: Inti Idayu Press.

Barakatuh, A.R. (2000). “Pappasang Tau Toa “in the module Node Democracy Education Program Jeneponto South Sulawesi. Makassar: Indonesian Community for Democracy (KID) in collaboration with the Netherlands Institute of Multiparty Democracy (NIMD).

Farḥān, I.A.(2003). Al-Tarbiyah al-Islāmiyah bayn al-Aṣālah wa al-Ma’āṣirah. Edition II; t.tp: Dār al-Furqān.

Hakim, A.H. Al-Bayān fiy Ilm Uṣūl al-Fiqh. Bandung: Maktabah Dahlan, t.th

Hakim, C. (2006). Kelong Book Makassar. Sungguminasa: Gora Pustaka Indonesia.

Kawu, A.S. (2007). The story of the story of Wise People Sulsel. Makassar: Pustaka Repleksi.

Khallāf, A.W. (2002).Uṣūl al-Fiqh. Bairūt: Dar al-Maktab al-Aṣriyah.

Kulle, S. Tika, Z., and Najamuddin.(2007).Gowa in Turmoil; People’s Movement Against Invaders. Makassar: Yayasan Butta Gowa with the Institute for Research and Cultural History Writing South Sulawesi.

Matthes. (1992).Makassaarche Chrestomathie. Amsterdam: Gedrukt ED.

Mattulada. (2004).The traces Makassar and Islamicpresences, in history. 2nd Edition. Ujung Pandang.

(1999). Latoa; A Political Anthropology Painting the Past. Makassar: Ininnawa.

(1998). History and Culture of South Sulawesi. Ujung Pandang: Hasanuddin University Press.

Muhtamar, S. (2007).Future Cultural Heritage Luhur Sulsel. Makassar: Pustaka Refleksi.

Munada, A. (2005). The bureaucratic behavior of Makassar society. Dissertation. Makassar: PPS Hasanuddin University.

Rasdiyanah, A. (1995).“System Integration System Pangngadereng with Shari’a as Worldview Bugis in Lontarak Latoa”. Postgraduate Dissertation. Yogyakarta: PPS IAIN Sunan Kalijaga.

Sewang, A.M. (2005). The Gowa’s Kingdom Islamization. 2nd Edition; Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Syalṭūt, M. Al-Islam; Aqidah wa Syari’ah. 3rdEdition; t.t.: Dar al-Kalam, 1966.

Tika, Z.(2007).Lontara Mangkasara Sign Interwoven Big World. Makassar: Pustaka Repleksi.

(2002). Makassar in Lontara; In the past your history. Makassar: Pustaka Refleksi.

(2006). dan M. Ridwan, Rosdiana Z, Profile Kings of Gowa. Sungguminasa: Perusda Karya Gowa.

Editor Tim of the Pustaka Refleksi. (2003). Siri and Pesse; Human Dignity Bugis, Makassar, Mandar, Toraja. 2nd Edition; Makassar: Pustaka Refleksi.

Wahid, S. (2008). Human Makassar. 2nd Edition; Makassar: Pustaka Refleksi.