Mangrove Forest Green Belt as Disaster Mitigation of Sea Level Rise in Coastal Zones

Open access

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to: (1) identify the disaster in coastal areas due to sea level rise (2) identify the structural disaster mitigation conducted by coastal communities, and (3) identify the adaptation of Green Belt Business Group (Kelompok Usaha Bersama “KUB” Sabuk Hijau) in overcoming the disaster caused by sea level rise. This study used a qualitative approach with the methods of observation, in-depth interview, FGD, and documentation. The results showed that the disasters faced by coastal communities in the study area are: the overflow of seawater up to the houses, wells became salty and unusable, ponds destroyed by flooding, the failure of the salt farming crop, fisherman's low income. The mitigation structure which was done is by making a green belt of 44 hectares mangrove forests to reduce catastrophic losses. The activity was able to save the pond that was damaged, restore the salt farm, recover the coastal ecosystem, return the wells from saltiness so that it can be used again, keep the houses from flooding, and able to add the family incomes from the honey mangrove and coffee mangrove.

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