Equality Plans and Gender Perception in University Students

Open access

Abstract

Despite the growing interest in the subject, the gender perceptions in the context of university studies have not been sufficiently studied so far. In this contribution, what is being proposed is a practical approach in the Spanish university system assessing the progress regarding the perception of equality among students receiving training on gender perspective in the framework of an Equality Plan. For this purpose, a case study was designed by assessing the progress as regards equality perceptions in the student body of the Universidad de Valencia Estudio General (UVEG). 338 students in grades filled out questionnaires on gender both before (225) and after (113) receiving a course in gender training. Results show Equality Plans with gender training significantly improves gender perception in university students. Academic institutions can play an essential role in ensuring developing Equality Plans with initiatives in education concerning gender equality.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Ashcraft C Breitzman A (2006) Who Invents IT? An Analysis of Women’s Participation in Information Technology Patenting. Accessed 2 December 2013 http://www.ncwit.org/sites/default/files/legacy/pdf/PatentReport_wAppendix.pdf

  • Blickenstaff JC. (2005) Women and science careers: leaky pipeline or gender filter? Gender and Education 17 (4): 369-386.

  • Boe MV Henriksen EK Lyons T Schreiner C. (2011). Participation in science and technology: young people’s achievement-related choices in late-modern societies. Studies in Science Education Vol. 47 No. 1 37–72.

  • Cohen J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavior sciences (2nd ed.). NY: Routledge.

  • CESAER (2015) Cesaer task force human resources. Gender equality and European Universities of sciences and technology. Accessed 21 July 2018 https://www.cesaer.org/content/statements-and-publications/2015/cesaer-gender-equality-oct15-incl-annexes.pdf

  • Dawson E (2014). Equity in informal science education: developing an access and equity framework for science museums and science centers. Studies in Science Education Vol. 50 No. 2 209–247.

  • EC (European Commission) (2011) European Gender Summit 2011. Accessed 21 July 2013. http://www.gender-summit.eu/index.php/about-the-summit/pastevents

  • EC (European Commission) (2012) Structural change in research institutions: Enhancing excellence gender equality and efficiency in research and innovation. Accessed 2 May 2013 http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/

  • EC (European Commission) (2013) Gendered Innovations. How Gender analysis contribute to research. Accessed 25 June 2014. http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/document_library/pdf_06/gendered_innovations.pdf

  • EC (European Commission) (2016a) She figures 2015. Accessed 28 May 2016. https://ec.europa.eu/research/swafs/pdf/pub_gender_equality/she_figures_2015-final.pdf

  • EC (European Commission) (2016b) European Gender Summit 2016. Accessed 12 May 2016 http://www.gender-summit.eu/gs9-about.

  • EPWS (European Platform of Women Scientifics) (2018) 15th Gender Summit –London: United in Science and Through Science. Accessed 10 May 2018 https://epws.org/15-gender-summit/

  • GENSET (2011) Manifesto for Integrated Action on the Gender Dimension in Research and Innovation. Accessed 2 June 2013 http://www.gender-summit.eu/

  • Hewlett SA Luce CB Servon LJ Sherbin L Shiller P Sosnovich E & Sumberg K (2008) The Athena Factor: Reversing the Brain Drain in Science Engineering and Technology Boston: Harvard Business.

  • Melo-Martin I. (2013). Patenting and the Gender Gap: Should Women Be Encouraged to Patent More? Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2): 491-504. DOI: 10.1007/s11948-011-9344-5

  • Pla-Julián I. & Díez J.L. (2018) Gender Equality Perceptions of Future Engineers Engineering Studies DOI: 10.1080/19378629.2018.1530242

  • Pollitzer E (2011). Why Gender Should be a priority for our attention in Science. Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 36(2) DOI: 10.1179/030801811X13013181961266

  • Townley C (2010). More on Enrolling Female Students in Science and Engineering. Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (2): 295-301. DOI: 10.1007/s11948-009-9160-3

  • UNDP (2015) Informe sobre Desarrollo Humano 2015. El ascenso del Sur: Progreso humano en un mundo diverso Accesed 2 April 2016 http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2015_human_development_report_overview_-_es.pdf.

  • UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization) (2003) UNESCO’s Gender Mainstreaming Implementation Framework for 2002-2007. 7EGM/ST/2010/REPORT. Accessed 5 May 2016 http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001318/131854e.pdf

  • UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization) (2016) SAGA (STEM and Gender Advancement) Improved measurement of gender equality in science equality in science technology engineering and mathematics. Accessed 4 July 2016. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0024/002450/245006E.pdf

  • UNESCO (2018): Global Education Monitoring Report. Gender review. Sustainable Development Goals United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization Meeting our commitments to gender e quality in education. Accessed 4 September 2018. http://www.ungei.org/resources/files/GEM_Report_Gender_Review_2018(1).pdf